Biodiversity Science ›› 2009, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (3): 272-279.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2009.08327

• Editorial • Previous Article     Next Article

The spatial pattern of species richness and diversity centers of gymno-sperm in China

Guo Li 1, Zehao Shen 1*, Tsunshen Ying 2, Jingyun Fang 1   

  1. 1 Department of Ecology, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, the Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Proc-esses of the Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing 100871
    2 Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
  • Received:2008-12-10 Revised:2009-03-31 Online:2009-05-20

China has the richest flora of gymnosperm in the world, which is crucial for understanding the change of global distribution and phylogeny of gymnosperm. We mapped the geographical range of 202 native gymnosperm species in China with records of altitudinal range and horizontal distribution at the county level, and explored the spatial distribution characteristics of Chinese gymnosperm at the family, genus and species levels. The uniqueness and similarity among the richness centers were analyzed with respect to their gymnosperm family and genus composition, and the endemism. Generally, Chinese gymnosperm shows a decreasing trend of richness from south to north. The richness is high in mountainous areas and low in large plains and on large plateaus. From the species, genus to family levels, the area with high gymnosperm rich-ness increases, and the center with high richness shifts southward. About 85% of all Chinese gymnosperm species are harbored in just 5% of Chinese land area. We classified these regions into six richness centers: (1) Eastern Himalaya-Hengduan Mountains-Qinling Mountains; (2) joint area of Yunnan-Guizhou-Guangxi and the South Mountain Ranges; (3) central China mountains; (4) Huangshan-Wuyi Mountains; (5) southern mountains of Hainan Island; and (6) central part of Changbai Mountains. The floristic relationship of gym-nosperm among the centers is obviously related with their geographic location, and the effect of isolation by distance. Among the six centers, Hengduan Mountains is a major variation center of gymnosperm in China.

Key words: Yushan Hill, biodiversity, soil invertebrate

[1] Xing Yuan, Wu Xiaoping, Ouyang Shan, Zhang Junqian, Xu Jing, Yin Senlu, Xie Zhicai. Assessment of macrobenthos biodiversity and potential human-induced stressors in the Ganjiang River system [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(6): 648-657.
[2] Zou Anlong, Ma Suhui, Ni Xiaofeng, Cai Qiong, Li Xiuping, Ji Chengjun. Response of understory plant diversity to nitrogen deposition in Quercus wutaishanica forests of Mt. Dongling, Beijing [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(6): 607-618.
[3] Liu Yan, Yang Yushuang. Importance of conservation priority areas for bryophyte biodiversity in Chongqing [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(6): 677-682.
[4] Gui Xujun, Lian Juyu, Zhang Ruyun, Li Yanpeng, Shen Hao, Ni Yunlong, Ye Wanhui. Vertical structure and its biodiversity in a subtropical evergreen broad- leaved forest at Dinghushan in Guangdong Province, China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(6): 619-629.
[5] Mu Jun, Wang Jiaojiao, Zhang Lei, Li Yunbo, Li Zhumei, Su Haijun. Field monitoring using infrared cameras and activity rhythm analysis on mammals and birds in Xishui National Nature Reserve, Guizhou, China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(6): 683-688.
[6] Zhang Xiaoling, Li Yichao, Wang Yunyun, Cai Hongyu, Zeng Hui, Wang Zhiheng. Influence of future climate change in suitable habitats of tea in different countries [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(6): 595-606.
[7] Li Hanxi, Huang Xuena, Li Shiguo, Zhan Aibin. Environmental DNA (eDNA)-metabarcoding-based early monitoring and warning for invasive species in aquatic ecosystems [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(5): 491-504.
[8] Shao Xinning, Song Dazhao, Huang Qiaowen, Li Sheng, Yao Meng. Fast surveys and molecular diet analysis of carnivores based on fecal DNA and metabarcoding [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(5): 543-556.
[9] Zhu Baijing, Xue Jingrong, Xia Rong, Jin Miaomiao, Wu You, Tian Shanyi, Chen Xiaoyun, Liu Manqiang, Hu Feng. Effect of soil nematode functional guilds on plant growth and aboveground herbivores [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(4): 409-418.
[10] Ma Yanjie, He Haopeng, Shen Wenjing, Liu Biao, Xue Kun. Effects of transgenic maize on arthropod diversity [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(4): 419-432.
[11] Zhao Yang,Wen Yuanyuan. Development of Convention on Biological Diversity’s Global Platform for Business & Biodiversity: Policy suggestion for China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(3): 339-346.
[12] Qian Haiyuan,Yu Jianping,Shen Xiaoli,Ding Ping,Li Sheng. Diversity and composition of birds in the Qianjiangyuan National Park pilot [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(1): 76-80.
[13] Dai Yunchuan,Xue Yadong,Zhang Yunyi,Li Diqiang. Summary comments on assessment methods of ecosystem integrity for national parks [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(1): 104-113.
[14] Xueming Lei,Fangfang Shen,Xuechen Lei,Wenfei Liu,Honglang Duan,Houbao Fan,Jianping Wu. Assessing influence of simulated canopy nitrogen deposition and understory removal on soil microbial community structure in a Cunninghamia lanceolata plantation [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(9): 962-971.
[15] Anrong Liu,Teng Yang,Wei Xu,Zijian Shangguan,Jinzhou Wang,Huiying Liu,Yu Shi,Haiyan Chu,Jin-Sheng He. Status, issues and prospects of belowground biodiversity on the Tibetan alpine grassland [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(9): 972-987.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] Božena Será. Simple Traits among Diaspore Weight/Number, Plant Height and Ability of Vegetative Propagation[J]. J Integr Plant Biol, 2008, 50(12): 1563 -1569 .
[2] Perez-Moreno J ., Martinez-Reyes M. , Lorenzana Fernandez A. ,
Carrasco Hernandez V. , Mendez-Neri M.
. Social and Biotechnological Studies of Wild Edible Mushrooms in Mexico , with Emphasis in the Izta-Popo and Zoquiapan National Parks[J]. Plant Diversity, 2009, 31(S16): 55 -61 .
[3] Feifei Wang, Lijuan Wang, Longfei Qiao, Jiacai Chen, Maria Belen Pappa, Haixia Pei, Tao Zhang, Caren Chang, and Chun-Hai Dong. Arabidopsis CPR5 regulates ethylene signaling via molecular association with the ETR1 receptor[J]. J Integr Plant Biol, 2017, 59(11): 810 -824 .
[4] YANG Ming-Zhi , HUANG Xing-Qi , ZHANG Han-Bo , CHEN Shan-Na ,
YANG Hong-Yu , CHENG Zai-Quan
. Cloning and Analyses of a Dual Specific Serine􊄯Thronine Protein Kinase Gene with High Conservative and Constitutive Expression in Oryza (OsSTK)[J]. Plant Diversity, 2009, 31(05): 433 -438 .
[5] Shen Hou and Laigeng Li. Rapid Characterization of Woody Biomass Digestibility and Chemical Composition Using Near-infrared Spectroscopy[J]. J Integr Plant Biol, 2011, 53(2): 166 -175 .
[6] Chne Fu-heng and Fan Jun-shen. [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1988, 5(02): 127 .
[7] Shuang Miao , Jiuer Liu , Jianhang Guo and Jian-Feng Li. Engineering plants to secrete affinity-tagged pathogen elicitors for deciphering immune receptor complex or inducing enhanced immunity[J]. J Integr Plant Biol, 0, (): 0 .
[8] TONG HAOWEN. Continuing Diversifying the only Megatrend of Evolution[J]. Biodiv Sci, 1995, 03(Suppl.): 94 -96 .
[9] ZHOU Qing;YANG Jing;SHAO Ai-Hua and WANG Ya-Ling. Effect of NaHSO3 on Root Growth and The Physiological Characteristics in Rice Seedling[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1998, 15(03): 51 -53 .
[10] Guan Dong-sheng. A Study of Nutrients in Fernland of Hong Kong[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 1996, 20(3): 235 -244 .