Biodiversity Science ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (3): 237-242.doi: 10.17520/biods.2019008

• Special Feature: Analysis of Wildlife Camera-Trapping Data • Previous Article     Next Article

Species inventory and assessment of large- and medium-size mammals and pheasants using camera trapping in the Chebaling National Nature Reserve, Guangdong Province

Xiao Zhishu1, 3, *(), Chen Lijun1, Song Xiangjin2, Shu Zufei2, Xiao Ronggao2, Huang Xiaoqun1   

  1. 1 State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    2 Guangdong Chebaling National Nature Reserve Administration Bureau, Shaoguan, Guangdong 512500
    3 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2019-01-11 Accepted:2019-03-19 Online:2019-03-20
  • Xiao Zhishu E-mail:xiaozs@ioz.ac.cn

Infrared-camera technology (i.e. camera trapping) has been widely used recently for species inventories and related assessment of terrestrial vertebrates in protected areas across the world. In this study, we provide a case study for how to assess species inventory data of terrestrial birds and mammals based on camera trapping in the Chebaling National Nature Reserve, Guangdong Province. Using camera trapping data from 2017 across the whole area with 80 grids (grid size, 1 km 2) in the reserve, we recorded 15 medium and large mammal species and three pheasant species. Based on species accumulation curves as a function of grids and camera days when 90% of expected species richness was recorded in the reserve, the minimum grids with fixed camera days and the minimum camera days with fixed grids were less during the wet season (June-August) than during the dry season (October-December). Moreover, the minimum grids with fixed camera days and the minimum camera days with fixed grids during the dry season were less than during the wet season. Based the camera trapping data, the species inventory assessment in the reserve can cover species lists and species richness of terrestrial birds and mammals, as well as relative abundance, distribution and voucher images of each species. Therefore, the Chebaling case based on the whole-area species inventory and assessment can provide technical references for China’s natural protected areas.

Key words: nature reserve, species inventory assessment, camera trapping, large- and medium-size mammals and pheasants

Fig. 1

Diagram for the rapid assessment of species inventory of ground-dwelling mammals and birds using camera trapping in the Guangdong Chebaling National Nature Reserve"

Fig. 2

Species accumulative curve based on grids (A) and camera days (B) (2017). Dash line indicates 90% of expected species richness recorded in the Chebaling National Nature Reserve, Guangdong Province."

Table 1

Summary of species inventory and rarefaction sampling assessments based on camera trapping data in the Chebaling National Nature Reserve, Guangdong Province (2017)"

抽样季节
Sampling season
全年
Whole year
雨季
Wet season
旱季
Dry season
网格数 Grids 80 80 (61*) 80 (71*)
总相机日
Total camera day
25,876 5,612 6,532
物种数
Species richness
18 15 16
稀疏曲线分析 Rarefaction curve analysis#
最小调查网格数
Minimum grids
35 91 77
最少调查相机日Minimum camera days 7,200
(≥ 90 d/grid)
8,845
(≥ 110 d/grid)
7,313
(≥ 92 d/grid)
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