Biodiversity Science ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (1): 76-80.doi: 10.17520/biods.2018273

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Diversity and composition of birds in the Qianjiangyuan National Park pilot

Qian Haiyuan1, Yu Jianping1, Shen Xiaoli2, Ding Ping3, Li Sheng4, *()   

  1. 1 Center of Ecology and Resources, Qianjiangyuan National Park, Kaihua, Zhejiang 324300
    2 State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
    3 College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058
    4 School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Received:2018-10-15 Accepted:2019-01-14 Online:2019-03-15
  • Li Sheng E-mail:shengli@pku.edu.cn

Assessments of biodiversity are the foundation to support the management and policy-making of protected areas. In order to determine the diversity and composition of avian fauna in Qianjiangyuan National Park pilot, we collected bird observations through bird field surveys, camera-trapping surveys, acoustic recordings, and citizen science observations. Based on this compilation, we produced a list of 252 species composed of 17 orders and 64 families. Observed species include 36 nationally protected species: two class-I species—Elliot’s Pheasant Syrmaticus ellioti and Siberian Crane Grus leucogeranus—and 34 class-II species. In addition, 10 species are threatened globally and 34 are threatened at the state level (i.e. listed as CR, EN, VU or NT by the IUCN or China’s red list of vertebrates). In total, 46 species (18.25%) are of conservation concern. Four species (Mountain Scops-owl Otus spilocephalus, Grey-headed Canary-flycatcher Culicicapa ceylonensis, White-browed Reed-warbler Acrocephalus tangorum and Javan Shortwing Brachypteryx montana) are newly recorded in Zhejiang Province. The Qianjiangyuan National Park bird community is evenly composed of species from the Oriental (45.24% of species) and Palaearctic (42.46%) realms, with the remaining are widespread species (12.30%). The percentage of resident and migratory species is also roughly equivalent (46.03% and 53.57%). Of the species that breed in Qianjiangyuan National Park, 68.79% are Oriental realm species, whereas most of winter non-breeding visitors are Palaearctic realm species (94.83%). Qianjiangyuan National Park harbors a rich bird community, accounting for over half (52%) of the total number of bird species in Zhejiang Province. These results confirm the park’s significant value for avian conservation, despite its small size (252 km 2), and provide important baseline information for future avian research and conservation in this region.

Key words: Qianjiangyuan National Park, bird monitoring, biodiversity inventory, baseline survey

Table 1

The taxonomic composition and national protection category of birds in the Qianjiangyuan National Park pilot"


Order

Family

Species
国家保护级别 National protection category
I II
鸡形目 Galliformes 1 5 1 2
雁形目 Anseriformes 1 12 0 3
鸊鷉目 Podicipediformes 1 2 0 0
鸽形目 Columbiformes 1 2 0 0
夜鹰目 Caprimulgiformes 2 3 0 0
鹃形目 Cuculiformes 2 7 0 1
鹤形目 Gruiformes 2 8 1 0
鸻形目 Charadriiformes 6 19 0 0
鲣鸟目 Suliformes 1 1 0 0
鹈形目 Pelecaniformes 2 13 0 1
鹰形目 Accipitriformes 1 12 0 12
鸮形目 Strigiformes 2 11 0 11
犀鸟目 Bucerotiformes 1 1 0 0
佛法僧目 Coraciiformes 2 6 0 0
啄木鸟目 Piciformes 2 7 0 0
隼形目 Falconiformes 1 3 0 3
雀形目 Passeriformes 36 140 0 1
合计 Total 64 252 2 34
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