Biodiversity Science ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (12): 1400-1407.doi: 10.17520/biods.2016244

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Habitat features and principal economic characteristics of Eulaliopsis binata germplasm resources

Fei Liu1, 2, Dongsheng Zou1, *(), Yelan Yu2, Zhanqiang Zhu3, Shaoping Wu2, Yufeng Zhu1   

  1. 1 College of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410128
    2 Oriental Science & Technology College of Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410128
    3 Geography and Planning School of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275
  • Received:2016-09-02 Accepted:2016-11-28 Online:2017-01-10
  • Zou Dongsheng

Eulaliopsis binata, a typical wild living resource, is an excellent grass species which is used as material for papermaking and can prevent water loss and soil erosion. Since there are few studies examining the resource collection and assessment of E. binata, in this paper we attempt to use field studies on concentrated areas of Chinese E. binata germplasm resources in 20 counties in nine provinces, collect 20 kinds of E. binata germplasm resources, analyse the principal living environmental characteristics of collection areas of E. binata germplasm resources, and compare the principal economic characteristics of E. binata germplasm resources. Results showed that the collections of E. binata were mainly located in the ranges of 22°-34° N , 101°-114° E, with an elevation of 100-1,000 m, annual average temperatures of 14-22℃, annual sunshine hour ranges of 1,112-2,624 h, and annual average rainfall amounts between 642-2,330 mm. Principal component analysis of climate factors of E. binata showed that the distribution of E. binata was more influenced by temperature and rainfall, while less so by elevation and sunshine hours. The principal economic characteristics of E. binata germplasm resources, such as leaf length, thickness of cell walls, diameter of the cavity, ratio of cell wall and diameter of cavity and yield, show significant differences. Using ward clustering analysis of the principal economic characteristics, the collected E. binata germplasm resources can be divided into 3 categories, of which nine E. binata germplasm resources can be used as reference species for excellent E. binata selection and breeding. The study provides evidence for the selection of improved varieties and utilization of E. binata germplasm resources.

Key words: Eulaliopsis binata, paper making material, habitat, economic characters, yield

Table 1

Collecting area of germplasm resources for Eulaliopsis binata in China"

Collecting area
Site (Township)
Geographical coordinates of resource land
云南元谋 Yuanmou, Yunnan 姜驿乡 Jiangyi 26°04'28" N, 101°55'01" E
云南金平 Jinping, Yunnan 金河镇 Jinhe 22°47'28" N, 103°14'13" E
贵州麻江 Majiang, Guizhou 下司镇 Xiasi 26°31'23" N, 107°48'42" E
贵州黄平 Huangping, Guizhou 新洲镇 Xinzhou 26°54'09" N, 107°54'42" E
贵州安龙 Anlong, Guizhou 万峰湖镇 Wanfenghu 24°56'29" N, 105°05'55" E
贵州兴义 Xingyi, Guizhou 下五屯镇 Xiawutun 25°04'18" N, 104°53'57" E
广西河池 Hechi, Guangxi 河池镇 Hechi 24°42'04" N, 107°51'08" E
广西田东 Tiandong, Guangxi 那拔镇 Naba 23°51'26" N, 107°09'13" E
广西柳城 Liucheng, Guangxi 龙头乡 Longtou 24°45'43" N, 109°11'11" E
广西大化 Dahua, Guangxi 都阳镇 Duyang 23°59'03" N, 107°39'46" E
广东连州 Lianzhou, Guangdong 大路边镇 Dalubian 25°02'32" N, 112°38'36" E
湖南衡阳 Hengyang, Hunan 栏垅乡 Lanlong 27°03'18" N, 112°20'21" E
湖南慈利 Cili, Hunan 零阳镇 Lingyang 29°25'36" N, 111°08'02" E
重庆巫山 Wushan, Chongqing 龙井乡 Longjing 31°05'47" N, 109°54'04" E
湖北丹江 Danjiang, Hubei 龙山镇 Longshan 32°35'16" N, 111°15'59" E
湖北郧县 Yunxian, Hubei 大柳乡 Daliu 33°01'08" N, 110°45'04" E
湖北郧西 Yunxi, Hubei 土门镇 Tumen 33°03'39" N, 110°21'05" E
河南淅川 Xichuan, Henan 毛堂乡 Maotang 33°13'25" N, 111°23'17" E
河南西峡 Xixia, Henan 军马河乡 Junmahe 33°31'29" N, 111°29'54" E
陕西洋县 Yangxian, Shaanxi 磨子桥镇 Moziqiao 33°11'33" N, 107°31'43" E

Table 3

Principal component analysis of climatic factor to Eulaliopsis binata"

主成分 Principal component 均值
Mean value
Standard deviation
Axis1 Axis2 Axis3 Axis4 Axis5 Axis6
年平均温度 Mean annual temperature 17.35 2.50 -0.76 0.39 0.02 -0.49 0.13 0.12
年均降水量 Mean annual precipitation 1,182.80 400.50 -0.74 -0.35 -0.32 0.43 0.19 0.12
海拔 Altitude 508.25 242.91 0.39 -0.72 0.45 -0.20 0.29 0.00
纬度 Latitude 28.08 4.02 0.94 0.22 0.10 0.10 -0.02 0.23
经度 Longitude 108.40 2.90 0.58 0.36 -0.66 -0.04 0.30 -0.07
日照时数 Sunshine hours 1,776.89 402.61 -0.16 0.64 0.67 0.30 0.19 -0.05
特征根 Characteristic root 2.51 1.38 1.19 0.57 0.27 0.09
贡献率 Contribution rate 41.84 23.04 19.76 9.43 4.43 1.51
累积贡献率 Cumulative contribution rate 41.84 64.88 84.63 94.06 98.49 100.00

Table 4

Comparison of the main economic characters among the germplasm resources of Eulaliopsis binata"

Leaf shape
Anatomical characteristics of leaf fibers
Leaf length
Leaf width
Cell wall thickness
Cavity diameter
The ratio of wall to cavity
云南元谋 Yuanmou, Yunnan 75.00±14.04bAB 0.23±0.04aA 1.80±0.58dC 1.80±0.41aA 2.89±1.26deD 5.34±1.85bcB
云南金平 Jinping, Yunnan 81.17±18.43bB 0.36±0.07aA 3.05±0.76cdC 1.40±0.53bB 4.36±0.41bcBC 9.53±0.32abAB
贵州麻江 Majiang, Guizhou 88.50±25.21bB 0.37±0.07aA 2.74±0.31dC 3.57±0.31bBC 1.55±0.28efE 7.98±2.86abAB
贵州黄平 Huangping, Guizhou 100.83±3.19abAB 0.37±0.10aA 3.41±0.53cdBC 1.21±0.66bBC 5.64±0.19aA 6.91±2.29bcAB
贵州安龙 Anlong, Guizhou 76.17±8.11bB 0.31±0.06aA 3.28±0.39cdBC 1.84±0.50cBC 3.76±0.99cCD 8.81±0.76abAB
贵州兴义 Xingyi, Guizhou 88.17±15.25bB 0.36±0.07aA 3.20±0.47cdC 0.80±0.21cdBC 4.00±0.88cC 6.37±1.52bcB
广西河池 Hechi, Guangxi 100.50±8.76abAB 0.42±0.07aA 2.04±0.64dC 1.30±0.42cdBC 3.14±0.22dD 10.94±3.47aA
广西田东 Tiandong, Guangxi 84.33±12.49bB 0.40±0.03aA 4.24±0.67bAB 4.90±1.89cdC 1.73±0.37efE 10.50±1.89abAB
广西柳城 Liucheng, Guangxi 95.50±6.29bB 0.33±0.06aA 1.80±0.44dC 12.10±3.12cdC 0.30±0.04fE 7.94±3.46abAB
广西大化 Dahua, Guangxi 78.50±13.93bB 0.47±0.04aA 2.38±0.62dC 4.48±1.72cdC 1.29±0.72efE 8.31±1.95abAB
广东连州 Lianzhou, Guangdong 94.83±14.91bB 0.44±0.08aA 4.10±1.16bcB 2.10±0.77cdC 3.90±0.53cCD 6.27±1.61bcB
湖南衡阳 Hengyang, Hunan 89.33±13.71bB 0.37±0.07aA 3.57±1.05cBC 2.30±0.59cdC 3.10±0.63dD 7.53±1.91bcAB
湖南慈利 Cili, Hunan 92.50±6.06bB 0.40±0.01aA 4.80±0.20aA 2.40±0.83cdC 4.00±0.44cC 7.56±2.01bcAB
重庆巫山 Wushan, Chongqing 85.83±9.52bB 0.38±0.56aA 1.95±1.06dC 2.15±1.92cdC 2.29±1.06eDE 4.69±0.20cB
湖北丹江 Danjiang, Hubei 107.83±18.07aA 0.36±0.04aA 3.83±0.94bcBC 1.60±0.43cdC 4.79±0.78bB 8.24±1.71abAB
湖北郧县 Yunxian, Hubei 83.67±14.14bB 0.32±0.04aA 3.90±0.87bcBC 3.50±1.21dC 2.23±0.26eDE 8.70±2.44abAB
湖北郧西 Yunxi, Hubei 107.00±18.16aAB 0.39±0.07aA 3.83±1.51bcBC 2.87±0.68dC 2.96±1.88deD 6.63±2.15bcAB
河南淅川 Xichuan, Henan 83.67±14.14bB 0.32±0.04aA 2.29±0.55dC 5.95±1.51dC 1.35±0.82efE 9.69±1.79abAB
河南西峡 Xixia, Henan 90.67±8.85bB 0.35±0.05aA 3.76±0.65bcBC 2.10±0.57dC 3.63±0.36cdCD 7.62±1.74bAB
陕西洋县 Yangxian, Shaanxi 86.17±17.02bB 0.36±0.05aA 2.89±0.75cdC 3.62±1.62dC 2.12±1.57eDE 8.89±1.07abAB
平均 Average 89.51 0.37 3.14 3.10 2.95 7.92

Fig. 1

Cluster analysis of the main economic characters for the germplasm resources of Eulaliopsis binata"

[1] Dadhwal KS (1998) Performance of some plant species in limestone mine soil. Indian Forester, 124, 261-263.
[2] Huang Y, Zou DS, Wang H (2003) Studies on ecological benefits of Eulaliopsis binata planted in purple shale region. Acta Prataculturae Sinica, 12(4), 63-68.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[黄宇, 邹冬生, 王华 (2003) 紫色页岩地区种植龙须草生态效益研究. 草业学报,12(4), 63-68.]
[3] Li M, Yi XG, Wang HC, Shang T, Gu Y, Wang XR (2014) Studies on the relationship between Cerasus serrulata distribution region and the environmental factors. Journal of Nanjing Forestry University (Natural Science Edition), 38(9), 74-80.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[李蒙, 伊贤贵, 王华辰, 商韬, 顾宇, 王贤荣 (2014) 山樱花地理分布与水热环境因子的关系. 南京林业大学学报(自然科学版),38(9), 74-80.]
[4] Liu AZ, Zou DS, Liu F (2011) Cadmium tolerance and enrichment characteristics of Eulaliopsis binata. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 22, 473-480.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[刘爱中, 邹冬生, 刘飞 (2011) 龙须草对镉的耐受性和富集特征. 应用生态学报,22, 473-480.]
[5] Ma DW, Zou DS, Wu WG, Duan WJ (2008) Effects of Eulaliopsis binata on water retaining of purple soil in Hunan. Journal of Hunan Agricultural University (Natural Sciences), 34, 150-153.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[马定渭, 邹冬生, 吴万刚, 段文君 (2008) 龙须草对湖南紫色土荒山坡地蓄水性能的影响. 湖南农业大学学报(自科版),34, 150-153.]
[6] Sur PR (2001) Taxonomic review of the genus Eulaliopsis Honda (Poaceae) in India. Journal of Economic & Taxonomic Botany, 25, 374-378.
[7] Wang J, Zuo X, Huang ZW (2011) Improvement and application of plant paraffin sectioning. Anhui Agricultural Science Bulletin, 17(11), 36-39.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[王静, 左幸, 黄正文 (2011) 常规植物石蜡制片技术的改进及应用. 安徽农学通报,17(11), 36-39.]
[8] Yang ZX, Zhou GS, Yin XJ, Jia BR (2014) Geographic distribution of Larix gmelinii natural forest in China and its climatic suitability. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 33, 1429-1435.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[杨志香, 周广胜, 殷晓洁, 贾丙瑞 (2014) 中国兴安落叶松天然林地理分布及其气候适宜性. 生态学杂志,33, 1429-1435.]
[9] Yao JL, Hong L, Zhang YD, Hu CG, Luo BS (2004) Genetic diversity and classification of ecotypes of Eulaliopsis binata via morphological traits and AFLP markers. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 37, 1699-1704.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[姚家玲, 洪柳, 张友德, 胡春根, 骆炳山 (2004) 龙须草生态型的划分及其遗传差异的AFLP分析. 中国农业科学,37, 1699-1704.]
[10] Zhang G, Guo G, Hu X (2010) Deel RNA sequencing at single base-pair resolution reveals high complexity of the rice transcriptome. Genome Research, 20, 646-654.
[11] Zhou RJ, Yu H, Zou DX, Luo YW, Qiao NQ, Yu YL (2014) Comparative study of leaf fiber cells of seven different ecological Eulaliopsis binata. Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences, 42, 2841-2842, 2867.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[周仁杰, 于辉, 邹登相, 罗毅文, 乔匿骎, 喻夜兰 (2014) 7个不同生态型龙须草纤维细胞的比较研究. 安徽农业科学,42, 2841-2842, 2867.]
[12] Zou D, Zhu YF, Yu YL, Jian Y, Dai J (2012) Comparison of photosynthesis abilities and photosynthetic pigment of leaf among populations of Eulaliopsis binata. Hunan Agricultural Sciences, (17), 35-39.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[邹典, 朱育锋, 喻夜兰, 简燕, 戴菁 (2012) 龙须草居群间叶片光合性能与光合色素比较研究. 湖南农业科学, (17), 35-39.]
[13] Zou DS, Rong XM, Hu SP, Zhou Q, Hou CS (2000) Cultivation method for seedling production of Eulaliopsis binata. Acta Prataculturae Sinica, 9(3), 43-47.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[邹冬生, 荣湘民, 胡颂平, 周青, 侯昌生 (2000) 龙须草壮苗培育技术研究. 草业学报,9(3), 43-47.]
[14] Zou DS, Yang SY, Jiang JA, Hu SP, Rong XM, Zhou Q (1999) Comparisons of productive properties among various varieties of Eulaliopsis binata. Journal of Hunan Agricultural University, 25, 366-369.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[邹冬生, 阳树英, 江巨鳌, 胡颂平, 荣湘民, 周青 (1999) 龙须草不同品种间生产性能比较研究. 湖南农业大学学报,25, 366-369.]
[15] Zou DS, Yu YL (2011) Research on Growing Ecology of Eulaliopsis binata and Its Application.Hunan Science & Technology Press, Changsha.(in Chinese)
[邹冬生, 喻夜兰 (2011) 龙须草生育生态学研究与应用.湖南科学技术出版社,长沙.]
[1] Lingyun Xiao, Chen Cheng, Huawei Wan, Dehai Zhang, Yongcai Wang, Tsedan , Peng Hou, Juan Li, Xin Yang, Zhi Lü, Yuping Liu. (2019) Defining conservation priority areas of snow leopard habitat in the Sanjiangyuan Region . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 943-950.
[2] Shun Li, Liang Zou, Yinan Gong, Haitao Yang, Tianming Wang, Limin Feng, Jianping Ge. (2019) Advances in LiDAR technology in the field of animal ecology . Biodiv Sci, 27(9): 1021-1031.
[3] Jun Liu, Ning Wang, Daizong Cui, Lei Lu, Min Zhao. (2019) Community structure and diversity of soil bacteria in different habitats of Da Liangzihe National Forest Park in the Lesser Khinggan Mountains . Biodiv Sci, 27(8): 911-918.
[4] Chen Xing, Zhao Lianjun, Hu Xixi, Luo Chunping, Liang Chunping, Jiang Shiwei, Liang Lei, Zheng Weichao, Guan Tianpei. (2019) Impact of livestock terrain utilization patterns on wildlife: A case study of Wanglang National Nature Reserve . Biodiv Sci, 27(6): 630-637.
[5] Liu Jie, Yan Jianbing. (2019) A Teosinte Rare Allele Increases Maize Plant Density and Yield . Chin Bull Bot, 54(5): 554-557.
[6] Zhang Shuo, Wu Changyin. (2019) Long Noncoding RNA Ef-cd Promotes Maturity Without Yield Penalty in Rice . Chin Bull Bot, 54(5): 550-553.
[7] MENG Wen-Ping, DAI Quan-Hou, RAN Jing-Cheng. (2019) A review on the process of bryophyte karstification . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(5): 396-407.
[8] Guo Qianqian, Zhou Wenbin. (2019) Advances in the Mechanism Underlying Plant Response to Stress Combination . Chin Bull Bot, 54(5): 662-673.
[9] YAN Peng-Fei, ZHAN Peng-Fei, XIAO De-Rong, WANG Yi, YU Rui, LIU Zhen-Ya, WANG Hang. (2019) Effects of simulated warming and decomposition interface on the litter decomposition rate of Zizania latifolia and its phyllospheric microbial community structure and function . Chin J Plant Ecol, 43(2): 107-118.
[10] Chen Qiangqiang, Li Meiling, Wang Xu, Mueen Qamer Faisal, Wang Peng, Yang Jianwei, Wang Muyang, Yang Weikang. (2019) Identification of potential ecological corridors for Marco Polo sheep in Taxkorgan Wildlife Nature Reserve, Xinjiang, China . Biodiv Sci, 27(2): 186-199.
[11] Guijun Yang,Min Wang,Yichun Yang,Xinyun Li,Xinpu Wang. (2019) Distribution patterns and environmental interpretation of beetle species richness in Helan Mountain of northern China . Biodiv Sci, 27(12): 1309-1319.
[12] Zhou Haonan, Zhao Yuhao, Zeng Di, Liu Juan, Jin Tinghao, Ding Ping. (2019) Spatial patterns and influencing factors of ground ant species diversity on the land-bridge islands in the Thousand Island Lake, China . Biodiv Sci, 27(10): 1101-1111.
[13] Zhen Xiaoxi, Liu Haoran, Li Xin, Xu Fan, Zhang Wenzhong. (2019) Heterologous Overexpression of Autophagy-related Gene OsATG8b from Rice Confers Tolerance to Nitrogen/Carbon Starvation and Increases Yield in Arabidopsis . Chin Bull Bot, 54(1): 23-36.
[14] Chenchen Ding,Yiming Hu,Chunwang Li,Zhigang Jiang. (2018) Distribution and habitat suitability assessment of the gaur Bos gaurus in China . Biodiv Sci, 26(9): 951-961.
[15] NING Yao, LEI Jin-Rui, SONG Xi-Qiang, HAN Shu-Mei, ZHONG Yun-Fang. (2018) Modeling the potential suitable habitat of Impatiens hainanensis, a limestone-endemic plant . Chin J Plan Ecolo, 42(9): 946-954.
Full text