Biodiversity Science ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (12): 1390-1399.doi: 10.17520/biods.2016152

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Potential effects of future climate change on suitable habitat of Muntiacus crinifrons, an endangered and endemic species in China

Juncheng Lei1, Sha Wang2, Junwei Wang3, Jun Wu4, *()   

  1. 1 School of Geography and Planning, Gannan Normal University, Ganzhou, Jiangxi 341000
    2 School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Gannan Normal University, Ganzhou, Jiangxi 341000
    3 School of Fine Art, Jiangsu Second Normal University, Nanjing 210013
    4 Nanjing Institute of Environmental Science, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Nanjing 210042
  • Received:2016-06-06 Accepted:2016-11-02 Online:2017-01-10
  • Wu Jun

Understanding the possible changes of suitable habitats for wild animals in the context of climate change has important implications for creating relevant conservation policies in the future. Based on presence records of black muntjac (Muntiacus crinifrons), which were recorded from 1960s to current day, and nine species distribution models, we simulated black muntjac’s suitable habitat under the future climate scenarios. Future climate scenarios were derived from two greenhouse gas concentrations scenarios (RCP2.6 and RCP8.5), and two future time slices (2050s and 2080s). Results show that, by the 2050s and 2080s, under the scenario of RCP2.6, areas of the suitable habitat of black muntjac will decrease by 11.9% and 6.2%, respectively, while under the scenario of RCP8.5, they will decrease by 36.9% and 52.0%, respectively. Under the scenario of RCP2.6, the areas of ‘core’ landscape for the suitable habitat of black muntjac will decrease by 20.5% and 10.5%, while under the scenario of RCP8.5, they will decrease by 55.2% and 65.2%, respectively. Under the scenario of RCP2.6, the proportion of stable suitable habitat to the suitable habitat under baseline climate conditions are 75.1% and 84.2%, while under the scenario of RCP8.5, they are 48.3% and 35.8%, respectively. In general, using the scenario with RCP2.6, the effects of future climate change on suitable habitat of black muntjac are minimal. In contrast, under the scenario of RCP8.5, the future climate will have drastic effects on suitable habitat for black muntjac. In particular, the area of suitable habitat and its ‘core’ landscape will significantly decrease, and so will the proportion of stable suitable habitat to the suitable habitat under baseline climate conditions. Therefore, we propose to conserve suitable habitat for black muntjac in the border area of Zhejiang, Anhui, and Jiangxi provinces, and to build corridors to connect different nature reserves for black muntjac.

Key words: Cervidae, climate scenario, species distribution model, habitat, conservation

Fig. 1

AUC values (a) and TSS values (b) for the nine models in predicting the suitable habitat for Muntiacus crinifrons. GLM, Generalized linear model; GBM, Generalized boosting model; GAM, Generalized additive model; CTA, Classification tree analysis; ANN, Artificial neural networks; FDA, Flexible discriminant analysis; MARS, Multiple adaptive regression splines; RF, Random forest; MAXENT, Maximum entropy."

Table 1

Importance of each climatic factor to the distribution of Muntiacus crinifrons based on the Jackknife method (%)"

Standard deviation of temperature seasonality
Max. temperature of warmest
Min. temperature of coldest
of driest
Coefficient of varia- tion of precipitation seasonality
Generalized linear model
14 24 25 60 76 52
Generalized additive model
52 44 46 45 88 57
Generalized boosting model
4 0 0 15 96 1
Classification tree analysis
9 0 1 10 98 1
Artificial neural networks
23 58 56 63 96 72
Flexible discriminant analysis
2 14 13 18 84 0
Multiple adaptive regression splines
9 43 10 19 94 6
Random forest
3 4 3 7 62 7
Maximum entropy
28 1 12 47 99 13
16 21 18 31 88 23

Fig. 2

Suitable habitats for Muntiacus crinifrons under baseline climate conditions"

Fig. 3

Areas of suitable habitats for Muntiacus crinifrons under various climate conditions. RCP2.6 represents radiative forcing peaks at approximately 3 W/m2 before 2100, while RCP8.5 represents radiative forcing reaches > 8.5 W/m2 by 2100."

Fig. 4

Landscape composition of suitable habitats for Muntiacus crinifrons under various climate conditions. RCP2.6 represents radiative forcing peaks at approximately 3 W/m2 before 2100, while RCP8.5 represents radiative forcing reaches > 8.5 W/m2 by 2100."

Fig. 5

Spatial changes of suitable habitats for Muntiacus crinifrons under various climate scenarios. RCP2.6 represents radiative forcing peaks at approximately 3 W/m2 before 2100, while RCP8.5 represents radiative forcing reaches > 8.5 W/m2 by 2100."

[11] Chen X, Jiang K, Bao Y, Wang H, Shi W, Zheng W, Liu J (2015) The mating system study of black muntjac (Muntiacus crinifrons) based on fecal DNA. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 35, 137-141.
[12] Cheng HY, Bao YX, Chen L, Zhou XW, Hu ZY, Ge BM (2008) Genetic diversity of the black muntjac Muntiacus crinifrons population in the central area of Anhui and Zhejiang Province. Acta Zoologica Sinica, 54, 96-103.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[程宏毅, 鲍毅新, 陈良, 周襄武, 胡知渊, 葛宝明 (2008) 黑麂皖-浙分布中心种群的遗传多样性. 动物学报,54, 96-103.]
[13] Cheng SL, Yuan RB, Zou SC (2013) Black muntjac (Muntiacus crinifrons) found in Wuyishan, Jiangxi. Acta Theriologica Sinica, 33, 94.(in Chinese)
[程松林, 袁荣斌, 邹思成 (2013) 江西武夷山发现黑麂. 兽类学报,33, 94.]
[14] Cheng SL, Zou SC, Yuan RB (2012) Preliminary report of Muntiacus crinifrons and its habitat survey in Wuyishan National Natural Reserve, Jiangxi, China. Jiangxi Science, 30, 594-598.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[程松林, 邹思成, 袁荣斌 (2012) 江西武夷山国家级自然保护区黑麂及其生境调查初报. 江西科学,30, 594-598.]
[15] Cohen J (1960) A coefficient of agreement for nominal scales. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 20, 37-46.
[16] Dawson TP, Jackson ST, House JI, Prentice IC, Mace GM (2011) Beyond predictions: biodiversity conservation in a changing climate. Science, 332, 53-58.
[17] Elith J, Graham CH, Anderson RP, Dudík M, Ferrier S, Guisan A, Hijmans RJ, Huettmann F, Leathwick JR, Lehmann A, Li J, Lohmann LG, Loiselle BA, Manion G, Moritz C, Nakamura M, Nakazawa Y, Overton JM, Peterson AT, Phillips ST, Richardson K, Scachetti-Pereira R, Schapire RE, Soberón J, Williams S, Wisz MS, Zimmermann NE (2006) Novel methods improve prediction of species’ distributions from occurrence data. Ecography, 29, 129-151.
[18] Elith J, Leathwick JR (2009) Species distribution models: ecological explanation and prediction across space and time. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution,and Systematics, 40, 677-697.
[19] Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) (2009) ArcGIS Desktop 9.3 help. (accessed on 2016-04-15
[20] Giovanelli JGR, de Siqueira MF, Haddad CFB, Alexandrino J (2010) Modeling a spatially restricted distribution in the Neotropics: how the size of calibration area affects the performance of five presence-only methods? Ecological Modelling, 221, 215-224.
[21] Guisan A, Thuiller W (2005) Predicting species distribution: offering more than simple habitat models. Ecology Letters, 8, 993-1009.
[22] Guo QH, Liu Y (2010) ModEco: an integrated software package for ecological niche modeling. Ecography, 33, 1-6.
[23] Hijmans RJ, Cameron SE, Parra JL, Jones PG, Jarvis A (2005) Very high resolution interpolated climate surfaces for global land areas. International Journal of Climatology, 25, 1965-1978.
[24] Hole DG, Huntley B, Arinaitwe J, Butchart SH, Collingham YC, Fishpool LD, Pain DJ, Willis SG (2011) Toward a management framework for networks of protected areas in the face of climate change. Conservation Biology, 25, 305-315.
[25] Hu JH, Jiang Z (2011) Climate change hastens the conservation urgency of an endangered ungulate. PLoS ONE, 6, e22873.
[26] IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) (2014)Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report. . (accessed on 2016-02-20
[27] Jiménez-Valverde A, Lobo JM (2007) Threshold criteria for conversion of probability of species presence to either-or presence-absence. Acta Oecologica, 31, 361-369.
[28] Lei JC (2014) Study on the Change Characteristics of Suitable Habitat for Sichuan Hill-Partridge and Identification of the Critical Conserve Region under Future Climate Change. PhD dissertation, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[雷军成 (2014) 气候变化情景下四川山鹧鸪适宜生境变化特征研究与保护关键区识别.博士学位论文, 南京林业大学, 南京.]
[29] Lei JC, Xu HG, Wu J, Guan QW (2015) IPCC AR5-based analysis of variation of potential suitable habitats for evergreen broadleaf forest in China. Journal of Ecology and Rural Environment, 31(1), 69-76.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[雷军成, 徐海根, 吴军, 关庆伟 (2015) 基于IPCC AR5的我国常绿阔叶林潜在适宜生境变化分析. 生态与农村环境学报,31(1), 69-76.]
[30] Li L, Chen JK (2014) Influence of climate change on wild plants and the conservation strategies. Biodiversity Science, 22, 549-563.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[黎磊, 陈家宽 (2014) 气候变化对野生植物的影响及保护对策. 生物多样性,22, 549-563.]
[31] Liu H, Wang W, Song G, Qu Y, Li S, Fjeldså J, Lei F (2012) Interpreting the process behind endemism in China by integrating phylogeography and ecological niche models of the Stachyridopsis ruficeps. PLoS ONE, 7, e46761.
[32] Liu J, Linderman M, Ouyang Z, An L, Yang J, Zhang H (2001) Ecological degradation in protected areas: the case of Wolong Nature Reserve for giant pandas. Science, 292, 98-101.
[33] Liu X, Guo Z, Ke ZW, Wang SP, Li YM (2011) Increasing potential risk of a global aquatic invader in Europe in contrast to other continents under future climate change. PLoS ONE, 6, e18429.
[34] Liu YZ, Shi LL, Duo HR, Peng BY, Lü C, Zhu Y, Lei GC (2013) Disturbance-driven changes to landscape patterns and responses of waterbirds at West Dongting Lake, China. Biodiversity Science, 21, 666-676.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[刘云珠, 史林鹭, 朵海瑞, 彭波涌, 吕偲, 朱轶, 雷光春 (2013) 人为干扰下西洞庭湖湿地景观格局变化及冬季水鸟的响应. 生物多样性,21, 666-676.]
[35] Luo Z, Jiang Z, Tang S (2015) Impacts of climate change on distributions and diversity of ungulates on the Tibetan Plateau. Ecological Applications, 25, 24-38.
[36] Moritz C, Agudo R (2013) The future of species under climate change: resilience or decline? Science, 341, 504-508.
[37] Olson LE, Sauder JD, Albrecht NM, Vinkey RS, Cushman SA, Schwartz MK (2014) Modeling the effects of dispersal and patch size on predicted fisher (Pekania [Martes] pennanti) distribution in the US Rocky Mountains. Biological Conservation, 169, 89-98.
[38] Parmesan C, Yohe G (2003) A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems. Nature, 421, 37-42.
[39] Pearson RG, Dawson TP (2003) Predicting the impacts of climate change on the distribution of species: are bioclimate envelope models useful? Global Ecology and Biogeography, 12, 361-371.
[40] Qiao H, Soberón J, Peterson AT (2015) No silver bullets in correlative ecological niche modelling: insights from testing among many potential algorithms for niche estimation. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 6, 1126-1136.
[41] Qiao HJ, Hu JH, Huang JH (2013) Theoretical basis, future directions, and challenges for ecological niche models. Scientia Sinica Vitae, 43, 915-927.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[乔慧捷, 胡军华, 黄继红 (2013) 生态位模型的理论基础、发展方向与挑战. 中国科学: 生命科学,43, 915-927.]
[42] Thuiller W (2004) Patterns and uncertainties of species’ range shifts under climate change. Global Change Biology, 10, 2020-2027.
[43] Thuiller W, Lafourcade B, Engler R, Araújo MB (2009) BIOMOD—a platform for ensemble forecasting of species distributions. Ecography, 32, 369-373.
[1] Allouche O, Tsoar A, Kadmon R (2006) Assessing the accuracy of species distribution models: prevalence, kappa and the true skill statistic (TSS). Journal of Applied Ecology, 43, 1223-1232.
[2] Aranda SC, Lobo JM (2011) How well does presence-only- based species distribution modelling predict assemblage diversity? A case study of the Tenerife flora. Ecography, 34, 31-38.
[3] Araújo MB, Peterson AT (2012) Uses and misuses of bioclimatic envelope modeling. Ecology, 93, 1527-1539.
[44] Vogt P, Riitters KH, Estreguil C, Kozak J, Wade TG, Wickham JD (2007) Mapping spatial patterns with morphological image processing. Landscape Ecology, 22, 171-177.
[45] Walther G, Post E, Convey P, Menzel A, Parmesan C, Beebee TJC, Fromentin J, Hoegh-Guldberg O, Bairlein F (2002) Ecological responses to recent climate change. Nature, 416, 389-395.
[46] Wang S (1998) China Red Data Book of Endangered Animals: Mammalia. Science Press, Beijing.(in Chinese)
[汪松 (1998) 中国濒危动物红皮书: 兽类. 科学出版社, 北京.]
[4] Austin MP, Van Niel KP (2011) Improving species distribution models for climate change studies: variable selection and scale. Journal of Biogeography, 38, 1-8.
[5] Barbet-Massin M, Jiguet F, Albert CH, Thuiller W (2012) Selecting pseudo-absences for species distribution models: how, where and how many? Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 3, 327-338.
[6] Biomod Team (2012) BIOMOD: Tutorial.. (accessed on 2016-05- 04
[47] Wu JG, Wang L, Yang YW, Dai SF, Liu JQ, Zhu G (2011) Nature reserve need to face the challenge of climate change. Environmental Protection, (4), 30-32.(in Chinese)
[吴建国, 王亮, 杨永伟, 代拴发, 刘建泉, 朱高 (2011) 自然保护区还需面对气候变化挑战. 环境保护, (4), 30-32.]
[7] Braunisch V, Coppes J, Arlettaz R, Suchant R, Schmid H, Bollmann K (2013) Selecting from correlated climate variables: a major source of uncertainty for predicting species distributions under climate change. Ecography, 36, 971-983.
[8] Brown JL, Yoder AD (2015) Shifting ranges and conservation challenges for lemurs in the face of climate change. Ecology and Evolution, 5, 1131-1142.
[48] Wu WW, Xu HG, Wu J, Cao MC (2012) The impact of climate change on birds: a review. Biodiversity Science, 20, 108-115.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[吴伟伟, 徐海根, 吴军, 曹铭昌 (2012) 气候变化对鸟类影响的研究进展. 生物多样性,20, 108-115.]
[9] CBD (Convention on Biological Diversity) (2014) Global Biodiversity Outlook 4 . (accessed on 2016-02-22)
[10] Chen L, Bao YX, Zhang LL, Cheng HY, Zhang JY, Zhou YQ (2010) Seasonal changes in habitat selection by black muntjac (Muntiacus crinifrons) in Jiulong Mountain Nature Reserve. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 30, 1227-1237.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[49] Xu WH, Yue XL, Gao P, Xia SJ (2013) Potential ecological habitat of Muntiacus crinifrons within National Nature Reserve of Mount Tianmu, Zhejiang Province. Journal of Zhejiang A & F University, 30, 896-903.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[徐文辉, 岳晓雷, 高鹏, 夏淑娟 (2013) 天目山国家级自然保护区黑麂潜在栖息地的生态适宜性. 浙江农林大学学报,30, 896-903.]
[50] Zhai TQ, Li XH (2012) Climate change induced potential range shift of the crested ibis based on ensemble models. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 32, 2361-2370.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[翟天庆, 李欣海 (2012) 用组合模型综合比较的方法分析气候变化对朱鹮潜在生境的影响. 生态学报,32, 2361-2370.]
[51] Zhang F, Dong M, Wu TW (2014) Evaluation of the ENSO features simulations as done by the CMIP5 models. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 72, 30-48.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[张芳, 董敏, 吴统文 (2014) CMIP5模式对ENSO现象的模拟能力评估. 气象学报,72, 30-48.]
[52] Zhang HR, Cai XH (2008) Research advances in landscape pattern and dynamics. Journal of Southwest Forestry College, 28, 23-28.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[张会儒, 蔡小虎 (2008) 景观格局动态研究进展. 西南林学院学报,28, 23-28.]
[53] Zhang YL, Hu ZJ, Qi W, Wu X, Bai WQ, Li LH, Ding MJ, Liu LS, Wang ZF, Zheng D (2015) Assessment of protection effectiveness of nature reserves on the Tibetan Plateau based on net primary production and the large-sample-comparison method. Acta Geographica Sinica, 70, 1027-1040.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[张镱锂, 胡忠俊, 祁威, 吴雪, 摆万奇, 李兰晖, 丁明军, 刘林山, 王兆锋, 郑度 (2015) 基于NPP数据和样区对比法的青藏高原自然保护区保护成效分析. 地理学报,70, 1027-1040.]
[54] Zheng WC, Liu J, Pan CC, Bao YX, Lin JJ (2012) Review of research on black muntjac (Muntiacus crinifrons), an endemic species in China. Chinese Journal of Wildlife, 33, 283-288.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[郑伟成, 刘军, 潘成椿, 鲍毅新, 林杰君 (2012) 中国特有动物黑麂的研究. 野生动物,33, 283-288.]
[55] Zhong GP, Shen WJ, Wan FH, Wang JJ (2009) Potential distribution areas of Solanum rostratum in China: a prediction with GARP niche model. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 28, 162-166.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[钟艮平, 沈文君, 万方浩, 王进军 (2009) 用GARP生态位模型预测刺萼龙葵在中国的潜在分布区. 生态学杂志,28, 162-166.]
[56] Zhu GP, Liu GQ, Bu WJ, Gao YB (2013) Ecological niche modeling and its applications in biodiversity conservation. Biodiversity Science, 21, 90-98.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[朱耿平, 刘国卿, 卜文俊, 高玉葆 (2013) 生态位模型的基本原理及其在生物多样性保护中的应用. 生物多样性,21, 90-98.]
[10] [陈良, 鲍毅新, 张龙龙, 程宏毅, 张家银, 周元庆 (2010) 九龙山保护区黑麂栖息地选择的季节变化. 生态学报,30, 1227-1237.]
[1] Jiang Zhigang. China’s key protected species lists, their criteria and management [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(6): 698-703.
[2] Chen Xing, Zhao Lianjun, Hu Xixi, Luo Chunping, Liang Chunping, Jiang Shiwei, Liang Lei, Zheng Weichao, Guan Tianpei. Impact of livestock terrain utilization patterns on wildlife: A case study of Wanglang National Nature Reserve [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(6): 630-637.
[3] Zhang Xiaoling, Li Yichao, Wang Yunyun, Cai Hongyu, Zeng Hui, Wang Zhiheng. Influence of future climate change in suitable habitats of tea in different countries [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(6): 595-606.
[4] Mo Zhangqin. Re-legalizing China’s ecological conservation redline: The position, dilemma and path [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(3): 347-352.
[5] Zhao Yang,Wen Yuanyuan. Development of Convention on Biological Diversity’s Global Platform for Business & Biodiversity: Policy suggestion for China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(3): 339-346.
[6] YAN Peng-Fei, ZHAN Peng-Fei, XIAO De-Rong, WANG Yi, YU Rui, LIU Zhen-Ya, WANG Hang. Effects of simulated warming and decomposition interface on the litter decomposition rate of Zizania latifolia and its phyllospheric microbial community structure and function [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2019, 43(2): 107-118.
[7] Chen Qiangqiang, Li Meiling, Wang Xu, Mueen Qamer Faisal, Wang Peng, Yang Jianwei, Wang Muyang, Yang Weikang. Identification of potential ecological corridors for Marco Polo sheep in Taxkorgan Wildlife Nature Reserve, Xinjiang, China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(2): 186-199.
[8] Lü Zhongmei. Systematic legislation for nature conservation with national parks as the main body [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(2): 128-136.
[9] Xian Yang, Dong Xin, Xie Xiaoman, Wu Dan, Han Biao, Wang Yan. Effect of Conservation Conditions on Restricting Conservation of Acer rubrum cv. ‘Somerset’ [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2019, 54(1): 64-71.
[10] Wang Yufei,Su Hongqiao,Zhao Xinrui,Su Yang,Luo Min. Conservation easement-inspired adaptive management methods for natural protected areas: A case study on Qianjiangyuan National Park pilot [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(1): 88-96.
[11] Dong-Ting ZOU, Qing-Gang WANG, Ao LUO, Zhi-Heng WANG. Species richness patterns and resource plant conservation assessments of Rosaceae in China [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2019, 43(1): 1-15.
[12] Yu Jianping,Shen Yunyi,Song Xiaoyou,Chen Xiaonan,Li Sheng,Shen Xiaoli. Evaluating the effectiveness of functional zones for black muntjac (Muntiacus crinifrons) protection in Qianjiangyuan National Park pilot site [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(1): 5-12.
[13] Chenchen Ding,Yiming Hu,Chunwang Li,Zhigang Jiang. Distribution and habitat suitability assessment of the gaur Bos gaurus in China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(9): 951-961.
[14] NING Yao, LEI Jin-Rui, SONG Xi-Qiang, HAN Shu-Mei, ZHONG Yun-Fang. Modeling the potential suitable habitat of Impatiens hainanensis, a limestone-endemic plant [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2018, 42(9): 946-954.
[15] Zhiyao Tang, Minwei Jiang, Jian Zhang, Xinyue Zhang. Applications of satellite and air-borne remote sensing in biodiversity research and conservation [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(8): 807-818.
Full text



[1] WANG Xin-Ting, HOU Ya-Li, LIU Fang, CHANG Ying, WANG Wei, LIANG Cun-Zhu,and MIAO Bai-Ling. Point pattern analysis of dominant populations in a degraded community in Leymus chinensis + Stipa grandis steppe in Inner Mongolia, China[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2011, 35(12): 1281 -1289 .
[2] Xiaoshuai Wang, Frank Yonghong Li, Yuanheng Li, Xin Song, Xudong Guo, Xiangyang Hou and Taogetao Baoyin. The shift in the abundance of two Stipa species in response to land use change is associated with their divergent reproductive strategies[J]. J Plant Ecol, 2019, 12(4): 722 -729 .
[3] Bingyu Zhang;Xiaohua Su*;Xiangming Zhou. Gene Regulation in Flower Development in the Forest[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2008, 25(04): 476 -482 .
[4] Hugo Mélida, Asier Largo-Gosens, Esther Novo-Uzal, Rogelio Santiago, Federico Pomar, Pedro García, Penélope García-Angulo, José Luis Acebes, Jesús Álvarez, and Antonio Encina. Ectopic lignification in primary cellulose-deficient cell walls of maize cell suspension cultures[J]. J Integr Plant Biol, 2015, 57(4): 357 -372 .
[5] QIN Jing-Dong,SHAO Ning, SHI Ding-Ji, XU Xu-Dong, ZHANG Jin-Dong, GUO Ping-Zhong,WANG Wen-Qing and TANG Pei-Song. Establishment of a Highly Efficient Ammonia Secreting Mutant of Synechococcus sp. PCC 7942 and the Glutamine Synthetase Activity, Photosynthesis and Growth in Its Immobilized Cells[J]. J Integr Plant Biol, 1999, 41(1): .
[6] Zhijun Dong, Hui Huang, Liangmin Huang, Yuanchao Li, Xiubao Li. PCR-RFLP analysis of large subunit rDNA of symbiotic dinoflagellates in scleractinian corals from Luhuitou fringing reef of Sanya, Hainan[J]. Biodiv Sci, 2008, 16(5): 498 -502 .
[7] TIAN Shi-Ping, FAN Qing, XU Yong, WANG Yi. Effects of Trichosporon sp. in Combination with Calcium and Fungicide on Biocontrol of Postharvest Diseases in Apple Fruits[J]. J Integr Plant Biol, 2001, 43(5): 501 -505 .
[8] Qi Zhou, Jun Liu, Jingyi Wang, Sufen Chen, Lijuan Chen, Jinfa Wang, Hong-Bin Wang and Bing Liu. The juxtamembrane domains of Arabidopsis CERK1, BAK1, and FLS2 play a conserved role in chitin-induced signaling[J]. J Integr Plant Biol, 0, (): 0 .
[9] Qiu Xianquan, Wu Shuyuan, Long Kaihu. Investigation of Taiwania flousiana Forests of Leigong Mountain Preserve in Guizhou Province[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 1984, 8(4): 264 -278 .
[10] Huixue Dong, Jie Liu, Guanhua He, Pan Liu, Jiaqiang Sun. Photoexcited phytochrome B interacts with BZR1 to repress brassinosteroid signaling in Arabidopsis[J]. J Integr Plant Biol, 0, (): 0 .