Biodiversity Science ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (3): 246-254.doi: 10.17520/biods.2016137

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Monitoring and research of amphibians and reptiles diversity in key areas of China

Cheng Li1, Feng Xie1, Jing Che2, Jianping Jiang1, *()   

  1. 1 Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041
    2 Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650223
  • Received:2016-05-16 Accepted:2016-09-02 Online:2017-04-07
  • Jiang Jianping

Amphibians and reptiles are important indicator species of ecosystem health, and they are sensitive to environmental changes and are often regarded as critical “early warning systems”. Many of their populations are undergoing rapid decline and therefore a long-term monitoring system is imperative to identify immediate threats to the animals. Monitoring program on Chinese amphibians began in the Zoige wetlands in 1997. Since 2000, a great number of monitoring studies of amphibians and reptiles have been carried out in mountains of Southwest China, Taiwan, and other regions with rich biodiversity. In 2011, the Ministry of Environmental Protection officially launched the “Amphibian Observation Initiative of China” program, which expanded regional programs to country-wide using both qualitative and quantitative methods to collect amphibian biodiversity data across long-term temporal scales. From an ecosystem viewpoint, long-term monitoring studies should include not only species distribution, richness, and population structure, but also population growth, key life-history traits, species interactions (e.g., predation, competition, and mutualism), community structure, and other dynamic factors. The program “Monitoring and Research of Amphibians and Reptiles in Key Areas of China” will cover 22 key areas with rich biodiversity and high habitat heterogeneity across China. As part of the Chinese Biodiversity Monitoring and Research Network (Sino BON), this program aims to combine intensive field surveys and ecological modeling techniques to evaluate population dynamics and community structures of amphibian and reptile species in the study areas.

Key words: monitoring networks, amphibians, reptiles, monitoring variables, monitoring methods, China

Table 1

Key areas list of research and monitoring of amphibians and reptiles in China"

省份 Province 所在县/市 County/City 关键样区 Key area 经度 Longitude 纬度 Latitude
1 黑龙江 Heilongjiang 呼玛县 Huma County 呼中 Huzhong 123.25° E 51.78° N
2 新疆 Xinjiang 阜康市 Fukang City 天山 Tianshan Mountains 88.16° E 43.85° N
3 内蒙古 Inner Mongolia 锡林浩特市 Xilinhaote City 锡林郭勒 Xilingol 116.43° E 44.18° N
4 吉林 Jilin 抚松县 Fusong County 长白山 Changbai Mountains 128.08° E 42.38° N
5 北京 Beijing 北京市 Beijing City 东灵山 Dongling Mountain 115.43° E 39.96° N
6 新疆 Xinjiang 若羌县 Ruoqiang County 阿尔金山 Altun Mountains 88.69° E 36.42° N
7 宁夏 Ningxia 中卫市 Zhongwei City 沙坡头 Shapotou 104.97° E 37.50° N
8 山东 Shandong 东营市 Dongying City 黄河三角洲 Yellow River delta 119.05° E 37.82° N
9 陕西 Shaanxi 佛坪县 Foping County 佛坪 Foping 107.68° E 33.55° N
10 河南 Henan 内乡县 Neixiang County 宝天曼 Baotianman 111.94° E 33.49° N
11 四川 Sichuan 九寨沟县 Jiuzhaigou County 九寨沟 Jiuzhaigou 103.89° E 33.12° N
12 四川 Sichuan 都江堰市 Dujiangyan City 龙溪-虹口 Longxi-Hongkou 103.57° E 31.13° N
13 湖南 Hunan 桑植县 Sangzhi County 八大公山 Badagong Mountains 110.09° E 29.77° N
14 西藏 Xizang 拉萨市 Lasa City 雅鲁藏布江中游 Middle reach valley of the Yarlung Zangbo River 89.66° E 29.20° N
15 湖南 Hunan 岳阳市 Yueyang City 洞庭湖 Dongting Lake 112.80° E 29.50° N
16 浙江 Zhejiang 开化县 Kaihua County 古田山 Gutian Mountain 118.12° E 29.25° N
17 四川 Sichuan 石棉县 Shimian County 栗子坪 Liziping 102.35° E 28.89° N
18 云南 Yunnan 丽江市 Lijiang City 玉龙雪山 Yulong Snow Mountain 100.22° E 27.14° N
19 广东 Guangdong 肇庆市 Zhaoqing City 鼎湖山 Dinghu Mountain 112.32° E 23.10° N
20 广西 Guangxi 龙州县 Longzhou County 弄岗 Nonggang 106.95° E 22.43° N
21 云南 Yunnan 勐腊县 Mengla County 西双版纳 Xishuangbanna 101.57° E 21.61° N
22 海南 Hainan 乐东县 Ledong County 尖峰岭 Jianfengling 108.80° E 18.60° N
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