Biodiversity Science ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (5): 568-577.doi: 10.17520/biods.2015294

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Assessment of red list of birds in China

Yanyun Zhang1, Zhengwang Zhang1, Lu Dong1, Ping Ding2, Changqing Ding3, Zhijun Ma4, Guangmei Zheng1, *()   

  1. 1 Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Science and Ecological Engineering, College of Life Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875
    2 College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058
    3 School of Nature Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083
    4 Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Science and Ecological Engineering, Institute of Biodiversity Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200438
  • Received:2015-10-25 Accepted:2016-01-04 Online:2018-08-09
  • Zheng Guangmei E-mail:zhenggm@bnu.edu.cn

There are 1,372 bird species, including 77 endemic species in China. The over-exploitation of resources, habitat loss, fragmentation, and environmental pollution challenges the conservation of Chinese birds. In order to comprehensively evaluate the status of threatened birds in China, the Red List of Vertebrates (Bird) in China, supported by the Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People’s Republic of China, was initiated. According to IUCN red list criteria, this evaluation was accomplished by 27 researchers following the steps: confirm the evaluated species, data collection, preliminary evaluation, preliminary check, interactive check and finalization. Our evaluation demonstrated that three species (white stork Ciconia ciconia, siberian spruce grouse Falcipennis falcipennis, and sarus crane Grus antigone) are characterized as Regionally Extinct (RE), 15 species among them are Critically Endangered (CR), 51 species are Endangered (EN), 80 species are Vulnerable (VU), 190 species are Near Threatened (NT), 876 species are characterized as of Least Concern (LC), and 157 species are Data Deficient (DD). Overall, 146 bird species (10.6% of the birds of China) were threatened (including CR, EN, and VU), and of these, 29 endemic species (37.7%) were listed as threatened. The proportion of threatened birds from different orders and regions were calculated, and the major threat factors to the birds of China were analyzed. Top two families with the highest proportion of threatened bird species are Pelecanidae and Bucerotidae, 100% species of these families were listed as threatened. Terrestores and raptors were more threatened birds across different ecological groups, and 25.2% and 23.2% species listed as threatened birds respectively. There is great difference on the number and proportion of threatened species in different administrative regions. Thus, this work is important to the conservation of the birds of China.

Key words: birds, red list, conservation, endemic, threatened

Fig. 1

Proportion of each red list category of China’s birds"

Table 1

The assessment status of endemic birds in China"

种名
Species
评估等级*
Assessment status
种名
Species
评估等级*
Assessment status
松鸡科 Tetraonidae 台湾画眉 G. taewanus NT
斑尾榛鸡 Tetrastes sewerzowi NT 橙翅噪鹛 G. elliotii LC
雉科 Phasianidae 灰腹噪鹛 G. henrici LC
红喉雉鹑 Tetraophasis obscurus VU 台湾噪鹛 G. morrisonianus LC
黄喉雉鹑 T. szechenyii VU 灰胸薮鹛 Liocichla omeiensis VU
大石鸡 Alectoris magna NT 黄痣薮鹛 L. steerii LC
四川山鹧鸪 Arborophila rufipectus EN 弄岗穗鹛 Stachyris nonggangensis EN
白眉山鹧鸪 A. gingica VU 宝兴鹛雀 Moupinia poecilotis LC
台湾山鹧鸪 A. crudigularis NT 棕草鹛 Babax koslowi NT
海南山鹧鸪 A. ardens EN 台湾斑翅鹛 Actinodura morrisoniana LC
灰胸竹鸡 Bambusicola thoracicus LC 金额雀鹛 Alcippe variegaticeps VU
黄腹角雉 Tragopan caboti EN 中华雀鹛 A. striaticollis LC
绿尾虹雉 Lophophorus lhuysii EN 白耳奇鹛 Heterophasia auricularis LC
蓝腹鹇 Lophura swinhoii NT 褐头凤鹛 Yuhina brunneiceps LC
白马鸡 Crossoptilon crossoptilon NT 鸦雀科 Paradoxornithidae
藏马鸡 C. harmani NT 三趾鸦雀 Paradoxornis paradoxus NT
蓝马鸡 C. auritum NT 白眶鸦雀 P. conspicillatus NT
褐马鸡 C. mantchuricum VU 暗色鸦雀 P. zappeyi VU
白颈长尾雉 Syrmaticus ellioti VU 灰冠鸦雀 P. przewalskii EN
黑长尾雉 S. Mikado NT 莺科 Sylviidae
白冠长尾雉 S. reevesii EN 台湾短翅莺 Bradypterus alishanensis LC
红腹锦鸡 Chrysolophus pictus NT 凤头雀莺 Leptopoecile elegans NT
海南孔雀雉 Polyplectron katsumatae CR 甘肃柳莺 Phylloscopus kansuensis LC
鸱鸮科 Strigidae 海南柳莺 P. hainanus VU
四川林鸮 Strix davidi VU 峨眉柳莺 P. emeiensis LC
夜鹰科 Caprimulgidae 戴菊科 Regulidae
中亚夜鹰 Caprimulgus centralasicus DD 台湾戴菊 Regulus goodfellowi LC
拟鴷科 Capitonidae 长尾山雀科 Aegithalidae
台湾拟啄木鸟 Megalima nuchalis LC 银脸长尾山雀 Aegithalos fuliginosus LC
鹎科 Pycnonotidae 山雀科 Paridae
台湾鹎 Pycnonotus taivanus VU 白眉山雀 Parus superciliosus NT
鸦科 Corvidae 红腹山雀 P. davidi LC
黑头噪鸦 Perisoreus internigrans VU 黄腹山雀 P. venustulus LC
台湾蓝鹊 Urocissa caerulea LC 台湾黄山雀 P. holsti LC
白尾地鸦 Podoces biddulphi VU 地山雀 Pseudopodoces humilis LC
鸫科 Turdidae ?科 Sittidae
台湾林鸲 Tarsiger johnstoniae LC 滇? Sitta yunnanensis VU
贺兰山红尾鸲 Phoenicurus alaschanicus EN 旋木雀科 Certhiidae
台湾紫啸鸫 Myophonus insularis LC 四川旋木雀 Certhia tianquanensis VU
宝兴歌鸫 Turdus mupinensis LC 雀科 Passeridae
画眉科 Timaliidae 藏雪雀 Montifringilla henrici NT
蓝冠噪鹛 Garrulax courtoisi CR 燕雀科 Fringillidae
山噪鹛 G. davidi LC 褐头岭雀 Leucosticte sillemi DD
黑额山噪鹛 G. sukatschewi VU 藏雀 Kozlowia roborowskii VU
斑背噪鹛 G. lunulatus LC 鹀科 Emberizidae
白点噪鹛 G. bieti VU 朱鹀 Urocynchramus pylzowi NT
大噪鹛 G. maximus LC 蓝鹀 Latoucheornis siemsseni LC
棕噪鹛 G. poecilorhynchus LC 藏鹀 Emberiza koslowi VU

Fig. 2

Species number of threatened birds in different ecological groups"

Table 2

Top ten families with the highest proportion of threatened bird species in China"

科 Family 种数
Number of species
受胁种数
Number of threatened
species
受胁比例Percentage of threatened species (%)
鹈鹕科
Pelecanidae
3 3 100.0
犀鸟科
Bucerotidae
5 5 100.0
鹤科
Gruida
9 6 66.7
鸨科
Otididae
3 2 66.7
八色鸫科
Pittidae
9 6 66.7
松鸡科
Tetraonidae
8 4 50.0
鹳科
Ciconiidae
6 3 50.0
鹮科
Threskiornithidae
6 3 50.0
?科
Sittidae
9 4 44.4
雉科
Phasianidae
55 18 32.7

Table 3

Statistic of provincial threatened species"


Province
受胁鸟种数
Number of threatened species
全省总种数
Number of total species
物种数占全国总种数比例
Species proportion of national species (%)
受威胁物种数占全省总种数比例
Threatened species proportion of provincial species (%)
江苏 Jiangsu 46 430 31.3 10.7
河北 Hebei 48 459 33.5 10.5
内蒙古 Inner Mongolia 44 422 30.8 10.4
吉林 Jilin 35 344 25.1 10.2
上海 Shanghai 43 426 31 10.1
辽宁 Liaoning 39 389 28.4 10
广东 Guangdong 51 533 38.8 9.6
黑龙江 Heilongjiang 34 358 26.1 9.5
山东 Shandong 41 437 31.9 9.4
福建 Fujian 52 557 40.6 9.3
天津 Tianjin 36 389 28.4 9.3
青海 Qinghai 33 354 25.8 9.3
浙江 Zhejiang 44 483 35.2 9.1
广西 Guangxi 49 545 39.7 9.0
海南 Hainan 39 432 31.5 9.0
北京 Beijing 35 407 29.7 8.6
安徽 Anhui 28 329 24.0 8.5
云南 Yunnan 76 899 65.5 8.5
江西 Jiangxi 40 481 35.1 8.3
河南 Henan 29 360 26.2 8.1
四川 Sichuan 53 683 49.8 7.8
湖南 Hunan 31 396 28.9 7.8
台湾 Taiwan 42 549 40 7.7
新疆 Xinjiang 33 460 33.5 7.2
甘肃 Gansu 36 516 37.6 7.0
香港 HongKong 35 500 36.4 7.0
湖北 Hubei 35 521 38 6.7
澳门 Macao 20 300 21.9 6.7
贵州 Guizhou 29 468 34.1 6.2
山西 Shanxi 20 343 25 5.8
宁夏 Ningxia 18 319 23.3 5.6
陕西 Shaanxi 25 453 33 5.5
西藏 Tibet 30 555 40.5 5.4
重庆 Chongqing 14 359 26.2 3.9
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