Biodiversity Science ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (4): 367-377.doi: 10.17520/biods.2015240

Special Issue: Plant Diversity in the Dry Valleys of Southwest China

• Original Papers • Previous Article     Next Article

Flora compositions and spatial differentiations of vegetation in dry valleys of Southwest China

Ye Liu1, Xinxin Zhu2, Zehao Shen3, *(), Hang Sun4, *()   

  1. 1 School of Urban Planning and Design, Shenzhen Graduate School, Peking University, Shenzhen 518055.
    2 College of Life Science, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang, Henan 464000.
    3 Department of Ecology, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, the Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes of the Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing 100871.
    4 Key Laboratory of Plant Diversity and Biogeography of East Asia, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650204
  • Received:2015-09-11 Accepted:2016-02-02 Online:2016-05-11
  • Shen Zehao,Sun Hang E-mail:shzh@urban.pku.edu.cn;hsun@mail.kib.ac.cn

Based on plant community data collected from dry valleys of nine major rivers in Gansu, Sichuan and Yunnan provinces of Southwest China, we divided the families and genera of the vascular plants into geographic elements of Chinese flora, and analyzed the spatial patterns. We found the flora of dry valleys of Southwest China revealed a complex composition of geographic elements with wide floristic connections, including 11 family area-types and 15 genera area-types. The ratio of tropical versus temperate floristic elements was 3.06 at the family level, and 1.77 at the genus level, showing a distinctive affinity for tropical floras, and later imprints of temperate floras. A clear floristic linkage existed between the dry valley floras and the Mediterranean, Western- and Central-Asian floras. The percentages of East Asian elements and endemic Chinese elements were below the average value in the flora found for the subtropical region in China. The Sino-Himalayan element had a value higher than that for the Sino-Japan element in the dry valley floras. The floristic affinity to the tropics weakened while affinity to temperate flora intensified moving in the region from the southwest to northeast. Linkages with the Mediterranean-Central Asian floras, and also the percentage of East Asian elements and endemic Chinese elements increased in the same direction. A boundary between the Sino-Japan type and Sino-Himalayan type was detected between the dry valley floras of Nanpanjiang River and Yuanjiang River. With respect to the genus level floristic composition of geographic elements, Nujiang River, Lancangjiang River and Yuanjiang River were separated from the other rivers, which are all upper branches of the Yangtze River. This departure indicated the impacts of the evolution of the Yangtze River, which were characterized by headward erosion, river confluences, on the characteristics of modern flora in dry valleys.

Key words: dry valleys of Southwest China, vascular plants, floristic elements, similarity, spatial differentiation

Fig. 1

The distribution of sampling sites for the vegetation investigation in dry valleys of 9 rivers of Southwest China"

Table 1

The plot distribution of vascular plants in dry valleys of Southwest China"

流域
Valley
样方数
Number of plots
海拔
Elevation (m)
东经
East longitude (°)
北纬
North latitude (°)
白龙江 Bailongjiang River 136 762-1,016 104.6-105.21 32.76-33.35
大渡河 Daduhe River 47 1,200-1,432 102.17-102.38 29.64-30.14
金沙江 Jinshajiang River 563 358-3,298 99.17-103.88 25.56-28.69
澜沧江 Lancangjiang River 129 1,010-4,297 98.8-100.22 24.82-28.48
岷江 Minjiang River 24 1,710-2,270 103.42-103.54 31.33-31.4
南盘江 Nanpanjiang River 38 952-1,787 102.94-104.04 23.78-24.74
怒江 Nujiang River 385 680-1,999 98.42-98.91 24.65-28.07
雅砻江 Yalongjiang River 62 1,236-2,736 100.74-101.93 27.73-30.27
元江 Yuanjiang River 228 182-1,530 100.43-103.38 23.01-25.17

Table 2

The composition of dominant families of vascular plants in dry valleys of Southwest China"

流域
Valley
科数
Number
of
families
属数
Number
of
genera
种数
Number
of
species
种类最多的科 Top families of vascular plants 单属单种科数
Families with single genus and single species
科 Family 百分比
Percentage %

Genus

Species
白龙江
Bailongjiang River
63 125 153 禾本科、菊科、蔷薇科、蝶形花科
Gramineae, Compositae, Rosaceae, Fabaceae
32.80 37.25 38
大渡河
Daduhe River
80 174 239 菊科、禾本科、蝶形花科、百合科
Compositae, Gramineae, Fabaceae, Liliaceae
31.61 32.22 33
金沙江下段
Jinshajiang River Downstream
145 597 1,174 菊科、禾本科、蝶形花科、蔷薇科
Compositae, Gramineae, Fabaceae, Rosaceae
29.65 29.56 40
金沙江上段
Jinshajiang River Upstream
118 401 714 菊科、禾本科、蝶形花科、蔷薇科
Compositae, Gramineae, Fabaceae, Rosaceae
31.42 33.19 40
澜沧江
Lancangjiang River
138 465 882 菊科、禾本科、蝶形花科、蔷薇科
Compositae, Gramineae, Fabaceae, Rosaceae
28.17 31.41 37
岷江
Minjiang River
39 82 99 菊科、蔷薇科、蝶形花科、禾本科
Compositae, Rosaceae, Fabaceae, Gramineae
37.80 41.41 19
南盘江
Nanpanjiang River
66 163 206 禾本科、菊科、蝶形花科、大戟科
Gramineae, Compositae, Fabaceae, Euphorbiaceae
37.42 37.86 36
怒江
Nujiang River
161 621 1,176 禾本科、菊科、蝶形花科、唇形科
Gramineae, Compositae, Fabaceae, Labiatae
27.05 26.02 44
雅砻江
Yalongjiang River
73 164 240 菊科、蝶形花科、唇形科、蔷薇科
Compositae, Fabaceae, Labiatae, Rosaceae
29.27 31.67 35
元江
Yuanjiang River
89 338 496 禾本科、蝶形花科、菊科、大戟科
Gramineae, Fabaceae, Compositae, Euphorbiaceae
36.09 40.32 30

Table 3

The floristic elements composition of vascular plant family in dry valleys of nice major rivers of Southwest Chica"

Table 4

The floristic elements composition of vascular plant genera in dry valleys of nice major rivers of Southwest China"

Table 5

Tropical / temperate floristic elements ratio of vascular plants at family and genus level in dry valleys of Southwest China"

分类等级
Taxonomic level
白龙江
Bailongjiang River
大渡河
Daduhe River
金沙江下段
Jinshajiang River
Downstream
金沙江上段
Jinshajiang River
Upstream
澜沧江
Lancangjiang River
岷江
Min-
jiang River
南盘江
Nanpanjiang River
怒江
Nujiang River
雅砻江
Yalong-
jiang River
元江
Yuanjiang River
科 Family 2.56 2.55 3.23 2.45 2.70 1.25 6.17 3.46 2.36 4.89
属 Genus 1.05 1.25 1.90 0.94 1.20 0.39 5.66 2.18 0.74 4.59

Fig. 2

The similarity of flora types among dry valleys at family and genus level. a, family flora; b, genus flora."

1 Bao WK, Wang CM (2000) Degradation mechanism of mountain ecosystem at the dry valley in the upper reaches of the Minjiang River. Journal of Mountain Science, 18, 57-62.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[包维楷, 王春明 (2000) 岷江上游山地生态系统的退化机制. 山地学报, 18, 57-62.]
2 Barbour GB (1936) Physiographic history of the Yangtze. Geographical Journal, 87, 17-32.
3 Cao YH, Jin ZZ (1993) A research on the flora of Nujiang dry-hot valley in Lujiangba, Yunnan. Guihaia, 15, 132-138.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[曹永恒, 金振洲 (1993) 云南潞江坝怒江干热河谷植被研究. 广西植物, 15, 132-138.]
4 Clark MK, Schoenbohm LM, Royden LH, Whipple KX, Burchfiel BC, Zhang X, Tang W, Wang E, Chen L (2004) Surface uplift, tectonics, and erosion of eastern Tibet from large-scale drainage patterns. Tectonics, 23, 1006.
5 Cui ZJ, Wu YQ, Liu GN, Ge DK, Pang QQ, Xu QH (1998) About “Kunlun-Yellow River” tectonic movement. Science in China, 28, 53-59.(in Chinese)
[崔之久, 伍永秋, 刘耕年, 葛道凯, 庞其清, 许清海 (1998) 关于“昆仑-黄河运动”. 中国科学, 28, 53-59.]
6 Editorial Committee of Flora Republicae Popularis Sinicae(1959-2004) Flora Republicae Popularis Sinicae. Science Press, Beijing.(in Chinese)
[中国植物志编辑委员会(1959-2004) 中国植物志. 科学出版社, 北京.]
7 Jin ZZ (1998) Study on the floristic elements of seed plants in the dry-warm valleys of Yunnan and Sichuan. Guihaia, 18, 313-321.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[金振洲 (1998) 滇川干暖河谷种子植物区系成分研究. 广西植物, 18, 313-321.]
8 Jin ZZ (1999) Study on the floristic elements of seed plants in the dry-hot valleys of Yunnan and Sichuan. Guihaia, 19, 1-14.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[金振洲 (1999) 滇川干热河谷种子植物区系成分研究. 广西植物, 19, 1-14.]
9 Jin ZZ (2002) Floristic Features of Dry-hot and Dry-warm Valleys, Yunnan and Sichuan. Yunnan Science & Technology Press, Kunming.
(in Chinese) [金振洲 (2002) 滇川干热河谷与干暖河谷植物区系特征. 云南科技出版社, 昆明.]
10 Jin ZZ, Ou XK (2000) Yuanjiang, Nujiang, Jinshajiang, Lancangjiang Vegetation of Dry-Hot Valley. Yunnan University Press, Yunnan Science & Technology Press, Kunming.(in Chinese)
[金振洲, 欧晓昆 (2000) 元江、怒江、金沙江、澜沧江干热河谷植被. 云南大学出版社, 云南科技出版社, 昆明.]
11 Jin ZZ, Yang YP, Tao GD (1995) The floristic characteristics, nature and origin of seed plants in the dry-hot valley of Southwest China. Acta Botanica Yunnanica, 17, 129-143.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[金振洲, 杨永平, 陶国达 (1995) 华西南干热河谷种子植物区系的特征, 性质和起源. 云南植物研究, 17, 129-143.]
12 Li XW, Li J (1992) On the validity of Tanaka Line and its significance viewed from the distribution of eastern Asiatic genera in Yunnan. Acta Botanica Yunnanica, 14, 1-12.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[李锡文, 李捷 (1992) 从滇产东亚属的分布论述田中线的真实性和意义. 云南植物研究, 14, 1-12.]
13 Li XW, Li J (1997) The Tanaka-Kaiyong line: an important floristic line for the study of the flora of East Asia. Annals of the Missouri Botanic Garden, 84, 888-892.
14 Liu LH (1989) Vegetational types of the arid valleys in the Hengduan Mountains region. Mountain Research, 7, 175-182.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[刘伦辉 (1989) 横断山区干旱河谷植被类型. 山地研究, 7, 175-182.]
15 Liu Y (2015) Plant Diversity and Phytogeography of Arid Valley in Major Rivers of the Southwestern China. PhD dissertation, Peking University, Beijing.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[刘晔 (2015) 中国西南干旱河谷植被与植物多样性空间格局与生物地理机制. 博士学位论文, 北京大学, 北京.]
16 Liu Y, Li P, Xu Y, Shi SL, Ying LX, Zhang WJ, Peng PH, Shen ZH (2016) Quantitative classification and ordination for plant communities in dry valleys of Southwest China. Biodiversity Science, 24, 378-388.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[刘晔, 李鹏, 许玥, 石松林, 应凌霄, 张婉君, 彭培好, 沈泽昊 (2016) 中国西南干旱河谷植物群落的数量分类和排序分析. 生物多样性, 24, 378-388.]
17 Ming QZ (2006) The Landform Development and Environment Effects in the Area of Three Parallel Rivers, Northern Longitudinal Range-gorge Region. PhD dissertation, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[明庆忠 (2006) 纵向岭谷北部三江并流区河谷地貌发育及其环境效应研究. 博士学位论文, 兰州大学, 兰州.]
18 Ou XK, Zhang ZM, Wang CY, Wu YC (2006) Meri Snow Mountain Vegetation Research. Science Press, Beijing.(in Chinese)
[欧晓昆, 张志明, 王崇云, 吴玉成 (2006) 梅里雪山植被研究. 科学出版社, 北京.]
19 Peng H, Wu ZY (1997) On the floristic relationships and position of seed plants in Mt. Wuliangshan. Mountain Research, 15(3), 1-6.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[彭华, 吴征镒 (1997) 滇中南无量山种子植物区系联系及其地位. 山地研究, 15(3), 1-6.]
20 Qiu ZQ, Yang YH, Cao XW, Sun PJ, Sun XG (2007) Species diversity and floristic characteristics of woody plants in the dry valley of the Bailong River, China. Journal of Gansu Agricultural University, 42(5), 119-125.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[邱祖青, 杨永宏, 曹秀文, 孙培坚, 孙学刚 (2007) 白龙江干旱河谷木本植物多样性及其区系地理特征. 甘肃农业大学学报, 42(5), 119-125.]
21 Ren ME, Bao HS, Han TC, Wang FY, Huang PH (1959) The landform and river capture in Jinshajiang valley in northwest Yunnan. Acta Geographica Sinica, 25, 135-155.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[任美锷, 包浩生, 韩同春, 王飞燕, 黄培华 (1959) 云南西北部金沙江河谷地貌与河流袭夺问题. 地理学报, 25, 135-155.]
22 Shen ZH, Liu ZL, Wu J (2004) Altitudinal pattern of flora on the eastern slope of Mt. Gongga. Biodiversity Science, 12, 89-98.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[沈泽昊, 刘增力, 伍杰 (2004) 贡嘎山东坡植物区系的垂直分布格局. 生物多样性, 12, 89-98.]
23 Shen ZH, Zhang XS (2000) A quantitative analysis on the floristic elements of the Chinese subtropical region and their spatial patterns. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica, 38, 366-380.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[沈泽昊, 张新时 (2000) 中国亚热带地区植物区系地理成分及其空间格局的数量分析. 植物分类学报, 38, 366-380.]
24 Song YC (2001) Vegetation Ecology. East China Normal University Press, Shanghai.
(in Chinese) [宋永昌 (2001) 植被生态学. 华东师范大学出版社, 上海.]
25 Su ZY (1999) Quantification of floristic endemism. Journal of South China Agricultural University, 20, 92-96.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[苏志尧 (1999) 植物特有现象的量化. 华南农业大学学报, 20, 92-96.]
26 Sun H, Li ZM (2003) Qinghai-Tibet Plateau uplift and its impact on Tethys flora. Advance in Earth Sciences, 18, 852-862.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[孙航, 李志敏 (2003) 古地中海植物区系在青藏高原隆起后的演变和发展. 地球科学进展, 18, 852-862.]
27 Tanaka T (1954) Species Problem inCitrus, pp. 58-69. Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science, Tokyo.
28 Vetaas OR, Grytnes JA (2002) Distribution of vascular plant species richness and endemic richness along the Himalayan elevation gradient in Nepal. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 11, 291-301.
29 Wang HS (1997) Floristic Geography of North China. Science Press, Beijing.(in Chinese)
[王荷生 (1997) 华北植物区系地理. 科学出版社, 北京.]
30 Wu J, Yin XM, Liu ZF, Ruan JY (2012) Research on seed plant flora in Gongga Mountain Nature Reserve. Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology, 33, 46-49.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[伍杰, 尹学明, 刘兆发, 阮建英 (2012) 贡嘎山自然保护区种子植物区系研究. 四川林业科技,33, 46-49.]
31 Wu ZY, Chen XQ (2004) Flora Republicae Popularis Sinicae, Vol.1. Science Press, Beijing.(in Chinese)
[吴征镒, 陈心启 (2004) 中国植物志第一卷. 科学出版社, 北京.]
32 Wu ZY, Wang HS (1983) Phytogeography of China. Science Press, Beijing.(in Chinese)
[吴征镒, 王荷生 (1983) 中国自然地理. 科学出版社, 北京.]
33 Wu ZY, Sun H, Zhou ZK, Li DZ, Peng H (2011) Floristics of Seed Plants from China. Science Press, Beijing.(in Chinese)
[吴征镒, 孙航, 周浙昆, 李德铢, 彭华 (2011) 中国种子植物区系地理. 科学出版社, 北京.]
34 Yang DY, Han ZY, Ge ZS, Xu QM, Chen KF, Xu YH, Li LP, Huang D, Lu HY (2008) Geomorphic process of the formation and incision of the section from Shigu to Yibin of the Jinshajiang River. Quaternary Sciences, 28, 564-568.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[杨达源, 韩志勇, 葛兆帅, 胥勤勉, 陈可峰, 徐永辉, 李郎平, 黄典, 鹿化煜 (2008) 金沙江石鼓-宜宾河段的贯通与深切地貌过程的研究. 第
35 四纪研究, 28, 564-568.]
36 Yang QY, Zheng D (1989) An outline of physic-geographic regionalization of the Hengduan mountainous region. Mountain Research, 7, 56-64.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[杨勤业, 郑度 (1989) 横断山区综合自然区划纲要. 山地研究, 7, 56-64.]
37 Ying JS, Chen ML (2011) Chinese Plant Geography. Shanghai Science & Technology Press, Shanghai.(in Chinese)
[应俊生, 陈梦玲 (2011) 中国植物地理. 上海科学技术出版社, 上海.]
38 Ying JS, Zhang ZS (1985) Endemism in the flora of China: studies on the endemic genera. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica, 22, 259-268.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[应俊生, 张志松 (1985) 中国植物区系中的特有现象: 特有属研究. 植物分类学报,22, 259-268.]
39 Zhang RZ (1992) The Dry Valleys of the Hengduan Mountains Region. Science Press, Beijing.(in Chinese)
[张荣祖 (1992) 横断山区干旱河谷. 科学出版社, 北京.]
40 Zhang TC (2010) Phylogeography and Phylogeny of Terminalia franchetii and Its Correlation with Honghe Diversion Events. PhD dissertation, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[张体操 (2010) 滇榄仁谱系地理学, 种系分异及其与红河水系变迁的关系研究. 博士学位论文, 中国科学院昆明植物研究所, 昆明.]
41 Zhang TC, Comes HP, Sun H (2011) Chloroplast phylogeography of Terminalia franchetii (Combretaceae) from the eastern Sino-Himalayan region and its correlation with historical river capture events. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 60, 1-12.
42 Zhu H (1990) A study on the thorny succulent shrubs in dry-hot valley of Yuanjiang County. Acta Botanica Yunnanica, 12, 301-310.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[朱华 (1990) 元江干热河谷肉质多刺灌丛的研究. 云南植物研究, 12, 301-310.]
43 Zhu H, Yan LC (2003) Notes on the realities and significances of the “Tanaka Line” and the “Ecogeographical Diagonal Line” in Yunnan. Advance in Earth Sciences, 18, 870-876.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[朱华, 阎丽春 (2003) 再论“田中线”和“滇西-滇东南生态地理(生物地理)对角线”的真实性和意义. 地球科学进展, 18, 870-876.]
44 Zhu XX (2014) The Flora of Seed Plants in Three Rivers Valley of SW China. PhD dissertation, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[朱鑫鑫 (2014) 华西南三江河谷种子植物区系研究. 博士学位论文, 中国科学院昆明植物研究所, 昆明.]
[1] Lan Xiao, Linting Zhang, Shengchang Yang, Zhihan Zheng, Degang Jiang. (2018) Flora and species composition similarity of the uninhabited islands in the nearshore Xiamen . Biodiv Sci, 26(11): 1212-1222.
[2] Zehao Shen,Mingzheng Yang,Jianmeng Feng,Xinhui Li,Peihao Peng,Zhi Zheng. (2017) Geographic patterns of alpine flora in China in relation to environmental and spatial factors . Biodiv Sci, 25(2): 182-194.
[3] Langxing Yuan, Youhai Shi, Xialan Cheng, Haolin Qin, Wenlong Wang, Kunkun Zhao, Zhixin Zhu, Huafeng Wang. (2017) Taxonomic and phylogenetic diversity of vascular plants in the Ma’anling volcanic area of Hainan, China . Biodiv Sci, 25(10): 1075-1084.
[4] Ye Liu,Peng Li,Yue Xu,Songlin Shi,Lingxiao Ying,Wanjun Zhang,Peihao Peng,Zehao Shen. (2016) Quantitative classification and ordination for plant communities in dry valleys of Southwest China . Biodiv Sci, 24(4): 378-388.
[5] Zhiming Zhang,Rui Shen,Jianli Zhang,Qian Xu,Yuan Luo,Qiaochu Yu,Qiuxia Zhang,Xiaokun Ou. (2016) Comparisons of species composition between soil seed banks and aboveground plant communities in the dry-hot valley of the Yuanjiang River . Biodiv Sci, 24(4): 431-439.
[6] Jing Wang, Qindi Zhang, Qiang Xu, Wenjing Zhang, Runcheng Bi. (2016) Elevational Patterns of Community Species Diversity of Potentilla glabra in Pangquangou of Shanxi Province . Chin Bull Bot, 51(3): 335-342.
[7] Daihua Wang, Youfang Wang, Qin Zuo, Min Li, Qianqian Wei, Xiaoqin Li, Mingshui Zhao. (2013) Comparison of bryophyte diversity in West Tianmu Mountain from 1977 to 2011 . Biodiv Sci, 21(2): 170-176.
[8] WANG Dai-Hua, WANG You-Fang, ZUO Qin, LI Min, WU Wen-Ying, HUANG Jian-Hua, and ZHAO Ming-Shui. (2012) Bryophyte species diversity in seven typical forests of the West Tianmu Mountain in Zhejiang, China . Chin J Plan Ecolo, 36(6): 550-559.
[9] Jianfei Ye, Zhiduan Chen, Bing Liu, Haining Qin, Yong Yang. (2012) Disjunct distribution of vascular plants between southwestern area and Taiwan area in China . Biodiv Sci, 20(4): 482-494.
[10] Lifu Sun, Kequan Pei, Yanhua Zhang, Jun Zhao, Guoting Yang, Guofu Qin, Yushuang Song, Ruiqing Song. (2012) Genetic diversity of Armillaria gallica isolates from China and Europe revealed with ISSR analysis . Biodiv Sci, 20(2): 224-230.
[11] Zhaoli Xu. (2011) Comparison of fish fauna of two different waters (Minjiang Estuary and Xinghua Bay) of the East China Sea during spring and summer . Biodiv Sci, 19(1): 79-84.
[12] Furong Xu, Enlai Zhang, Chao Dong, Luyuan Dai, Hongsheng Zhang. (2010) Comparison of phenotypic traits of rice landraces, grown in two different periods in Hani’s terraced fields in Yuanyang County, Yunnan . Biodiv Sci, 18(4): 365-372.
[13] Lina Zhang, Wuwei Ye, Junjuan Wang, Baoxiang Fan, Delong Wang. (2010) Genetic diversity analysis of salinity related germplasm in cotton . Biodiv Sci, 18(2): 137-144.
[14] NIE Hua-Li, ZHANG Yuan-Ming, WU Nan, ZHANG Jing, ZHANG Bing-Chang. (2009) EFFECTS OF BIOLOGICAL CRUSTS ON THE GERMINATION OF FIVE DESERT VASCULAR PLANTS WITH DIFFERENT SEED MORPHOLOGIES . Chin J Plan Ecolo, 33(1): 161-170.
[15] Haili Ke, Xiqiang Song, Zhiqiong Tan, Hongxia Liu, Yibo Luo. (2007) Endophytic fungi diversity in root of Doritis pulcherrima (Orchidaceae) . Biodiv Sci, 15(5): 456-462.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed