Biodiversity Science ›› 2006, Vol. 14 ›› Issue (4): 292-299.doi: 10.1360/biodiv.050275

• Editorial • Previous Article     Next Article

Species diversity of forests in Tongguling National Nature Reserve, Hainan

Xiufen Che1, Xiaobo Yang1*, Ping Yue2, Zhiyang Ou1, Donghai Li1, Qingshu Wu1   

  1. 1 Tropical Biological Center, Hainan University, Haikou 570228
    2 Environmental Sciences Academy of Hainan Province, Haikou 570206
  • Received:2005-12-22 Revised:2006-05-25 Online:2006-07-20
  • Xiaobo Yang

Tongguling National Nature Reserve is located in northeastern Hainan Province. To analyze its vegetation variation after 18 years of protection, we investigated the species diversity of plants in the reserve in 2005. A total of 984 plant species, belonging to 618 genera and 166 families, were recorded. Of these, 35 species are endemic to Hainan, such as Cycas hainanensis, Phoebe hainanensis, and Arcangelisia gusanhung, and 12 are listed as nationally endangered and protected species, including Cibotium barometz, Cycas hainanensis, Oncodostigma hainanense, Aquilaria sinensis, Hydnocarpus hainanensis, Homalium hainanense, Ixonanthes chinensis, Antirhea chinensis, Dimocarpus longan, Litchi chinensis, Gmelina hainanensis, and Artocarpus hypargyreus. The Shannon-Wiener indices of the three major vegetation types, namely tropical evergreen monsoon elfin forest, tropical shrubland, and mangrove forest, were 4.7485, 4.5876, and 1.8096, respectively, while Simpson diversity indices were 0.9247, 0.9206, and 0.6978, respectively. In the 2,800-m2 plots of tropical evergreen monsoon elfin forest, a total of 1,366 trees over 1.5 m tall were recorded, belonging to 81 species. Of these, the top five dominant species were Litsea variabilis, Hydnocarpus hainanensis, Arytera littoralis, Bridelia insulana, and Sapindus mukorossi. It is notable that the dominant species Schefflera octophylla in 1987 has been replaced by Litsea variabilis. Among the trees more than 1.5 m tall in the 3,300-m2 plots, there are 20 singleton species and 13 doubleton ones, accounting for 32.7% of the total tree species. In general, the development of tropical evergreen monsoon elfin forest tends to be stable, and shrublands are in succession to secondary forests. The area of mangrove forests has been reduced because of serious destruction. Therefore, further protection of Tongguling National Nature Reserve is important and necessary.

Key words: quillwort, endangered plant, natural distribution and status, conservation

[1] Jiang Zhigang. China’s key protected species lists, their criteria and management [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(6): 698-703.
[2] Zhang Xiaoling, Li Yichao, Wang Yunyun, Cai Hongyu, Zeng Hui, Wang Zhiheng. Influence of future climate change in suitable habitats of tea in different countries [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(6): 595-606.
[3] Mo Zhangqin. Re-legalizing China’s ecological conservation redline: The position, dilemma and path [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(3): 347-352.
[4] Zhao Yang,Wen Yuanyuan. Development of Convention on Biological Diversity’s Global Platform for Business & Biodiversity: Policy suggestion for China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(3): 339-346.
[5] Lü Zhongmei. Systematic legislation for nature conservation with national parks as the main body [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(2): 128-136.
[6] Xian Yang, Dong Xin, Xie Xiaoman, Wu Dan, Han Biao, Wang Yan. Effect of Conservation Conditions on Restricting Conservation of Acer rubrum cv. ‘Somerset’ [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2019, 54(1): 64-71.
[7] Dong-Ting ZOU, Qing-Gang WANG, Ao LUO, Zhi-Heng WANG. Species richness patterns and resource plant conservation assessments of Rosaceae in China [J]. Chin J Plant Ecol, 2019, 43(1): 1-15.
[8] Wang Yufei,Su Hongqiao,Zhao Xinrui,Su Yang,Luo Min. Conservation easement-inspired adaptive management methods for natural protected areas: A case study on Qianjiangyuan National Park pilot [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(1): 88-96.
[9] Zhiyao Tang, Minwei Jiang, Jian Zhang, Xinyue Zhang. Applications of satellite and air-borne remote sensing in biodiversity research and conservation [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(8): 807-818.
[10] Xuehua Liu, Pengfeng Wu, Xiangbo He, Xiangyu Zhao. Application and data mining of infra-red camera in the monitoring of species [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(8): 850-861.
[11] Wang Shitong, Wu Hao, Liu Mengting, Zhang Jiaxin, Liu Jianming, Meng Hongjie, Xu Yaozhan, Qiao Xiujuan, Wei Xinzeng, Lu Zhijun, Jiang Mingxi. Community structure and dynamics of a remnant forest dominated by a plant species with extremely small population (Sinojackia huangmeiensis) in central China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(7): 749-759.
[12] Pei Yang,Yanqiong Peng,Ronghua Zhao,Darong Yang. Biological characteristics, threat factors and conservation strategies for the giant honey bee Apis dorsata [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(5): 476-485.
[13] Jiaxing Huang,Jiandong An. Species diversity, pollination application and strategy for conservation of the bumblebees of China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(5): 486-497.
[14] Xiangyu Jia,Bin Bai,Jieqing Zhang,Yi Huang. The effects of IPBES deliverables on global biodiversity conservation strategy—an analysis based on the U. S. pollinator protection policy [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(5): 527-534.
[15] Yao Zhao,Gengyun Li,Ji Yang. Conservation and utilization of wild relatives of cultivated plants [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(4): 414-426.
Full text



[1] Li Shen-cheng Wen Li-zhu Zhang Feng-qin Luo Fang-mei Yang Mei-rong Zhang Yang-zhu Hung De-fan. New Grape Resistant Variety to Winterkill and to Fungus Diseases[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1983, 1(02): 28 -30 .
[2] LI Zhen-Yu. Amaranthus palmeri S. Watson, a Newly Naturalized Speices in China[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2003, 20(06): 734 -735 .
[3] . [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1994, 11(专辑): 33 .
[4] Hongxiao Yang, Jianmin Chu, Jintun Zhang. Wild Plants Inhabiting on the Sand Fore-coasts of Shandong Peninsula[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2011, 46(1): 50 -58 .
[5] . [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2007, 24(01): 124 .
[6] Xue Guang-rong;Yang Zhen-ying;Zhu Qin-ying and Wang Guoqing. Research on the Technique for Obtaining Virus-free Plants by Anther Culture in Strawberry[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1990, 7(01): 22 -26 .
[7] Wang Xian-pu;Mo Sin-Ii and Zhong Ye-cong. The Effective Management of Dayaoshan Reserve in Relation to Economic Construction and Cultural, Scientific Development of Jingxiu County,Guangxi[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1988, 5(03): 129 -134 .
[8] CHEN Yu-Ling. Influences of Humic Acids on Physiological Activities of Plants[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2000, 17(01): 64 -72 .
[9] . [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1994, 11(专辑): 65 .
[10] Cui Ke-ming. The Role of Plant Growth Regulators in the Control of Cambial Activity[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1991, 8(01): 22 -29 .