Biodiversity in the Wuyi Mountains and its importance in China
Biodiv Sci. 1999, 07 (4):
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The Wuyi Mountains are located in northwestern Fujian Province,and contain the Huanggangshan,the highest peak in southeastern China,at an elevation of 2158m.In this mountainous district,with warm and moist climate,the species diversity is high.The known species of higher plants reaches 2615,and animals 5249.The endemic,ancient,relic,and rare species are plentiful.Some of them distributed here emerge variations.It is famous for large number of animal type specimens.So it is an important center for speciation,as well as "refuge" in southeastern part of China.Ecosystems are also diverse.Some old and famous trees,aged more than 200,even 1000 years can be found.Therefore in China's Biodiversity:A Country study,the Wuyi Mountains are listed as one of the eleven terrestrial critical regions for biodiversity conservation in China.Besides,on the bank of Giuqu Stream,there exists two steles recording the proclamations of Emperors Kangxi and Qianlong,which laid prohibitions againsting felling trees and fishing in the stream.It indicates that this is one of the regions with old tradition to protect biodiversity.