Biodiv Sci ›› 2013, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (2): 163-169.DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2013.07210

• Original Papers • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Rare and endangered plants in Mount Jinggangshan region

Lei Wang1, Shi Shi2, Wenbo Liao2*, Chunquan Chen3, Zhen Li4   

  1. 1College of Resource Environment and Tourism, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048

    2Guangdong Key Laboratory of Plant Resources, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275

    3Administration Bureau of Jinggangshan National Nature Reserve, Jinggangshan, Jiangxi 343600

    4School of Geographical Science and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275
  • Received:2012-11-05 Revised:2013-01-13 Online:2013-03-20 Published:2013-04-02
  • Contact: Wenbo Liao
  • Supported by:

    Comprehensive Scientific Investigation of Mount Jinggangshan Area;National science and technology foundation project

Abstract:

The occurrence of rare, endangered, and protected plant species is of importance in assessing the status of local biodiversity and the environment as well as developing strategies for nature conservation and management. The abundance and distribution of rare and endangered plants in the Mount Jinggangshan region were investigated as well as the community characteristics of important woody species. The results demonstrate that rare and endangered species have high conservation value and significant importance in systematics and biogeography. This area contains two endangered bryophyte species and 199 species of vascular plants. Among them, 50 species are included in the IUCN Red List of Threatened species, 160 species in the China Species Red List, 49 species in the List of Wild Plants Under State Protection (First Batch), and 90 species in the Appendices of CITES. The variety and abundance of rare and endangered species in this area are equivalent to those for Mount Emei and higher than those for Mount Wuyi and Mount Taibai. Many perfectly preserved communities, covering a large area, exist in the Mount Jinggangshan vicinity, and are dominated by rare and endangered species, such as Abies beshanzuensis var. ziyuanensis, Corylus chinensis, Pseudotaxus chienii, Taxus wallichiana var. mairei, Fokienia hodginsii, Amentotaxus argotaenia, Phoebe bournei, Pieris japonica, Rhododendron jinggangshanicum, etc. The communities where some important rare and endangered plants occur are described in detail and suggestions are made for their protection.