Biodiv Sci ›› 2023, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (9): 23019.  DOI: 10.17520/biods.2023019

• Original Papers: Biocultural Diversity • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Traditional livelihood and biodiversity management of Dulong people

Zhuo Cheng1,2,3, Chen Lin1,2,3, Chunlin Long1,2,3,4,*()   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Ecology and Environment in Minority Areas (Minzu University of China), National Ethnic Affairs Commission of China, Beijing 100081
    2. College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Minzu University of China, Beijing 100081
    3. Key Laboratory of Ethnomedicine (Minzu University of China), Ministry of Education, Beijing 100081
    4. Institute of National Security Studies, Minzu University of China, Beijing 100081
  • Received:2023-01-29 Accepted:2023-07-14 Online:2023-09-20 Published:2023-08-03
  • Contact: *E-mail:


Aim: In the process of long-term mutual adaptation with their living environment, Dulong people have been relying on biological resources to maintain their survival and life. They have accumulated a lot of traditional knowledge on the use of bio-resources and the protection of the ecological environment. The purpose of this study is to record the traditional knowledge, explore the ecological concepts, analyze the threats, and promote them to provide better services for the protection of biocultural diversity in the Dulongjiang region.

Method: In this study, ethnobiological method including semi-structure interview and participatory observations were used to investigate the traditional knowledge associated with biodiversity in Dulong community, and to analyze the ecological thoughts.

Results: The results showed that the Dulong people had rich traditional knowledge, involving a total of 399 species of organisms. Among them, 209 plant (and fungi) species were collected for livelihood, 179 species for animal husbandry, 26 for timber and construction, 34 for fishing and hunting, 25 for farming, and 31 for firewood. The traditional livelihood methods of the Dulong people, such as collecting, breeding, fishing and hunting, fuelwood collection and farming practices, contain sustainable ecological ideas, which are conducive to the conservation of local biocultural diversity.

Recommendations With the rapid economic development and the improvement of transportation, traditional livelihoods and knowledge in Dulongjiang area are facing different opportunities and challenges. For example, cultural shock, intergenerational discontinuity, the cultivation of a single crop and orientation of ecological policy, etc. It is necessary to conduct a more comprehensive investigation, recording and cataloging of traditional knowledge through ethnobotanical methods, follow by research with modern ethnobotanical methods to provide guidance, using new technology to explain the scientificity of traditional knowledge, strengthen the protection, inheritance and benefit sharing of traditional knowledge, and tap the essence of the traditional livelihood of the Dulong to promote the conservation of biodiversity, sustainable development services, and ecological civilization in the Dulongjiang area.

Key words: Dulong, biocultural diversity, traditional livelihood, ethnobiology, ecological implication