Biodiv Sci ›› 2001, Vol. 09 ›› Issue (3): 310-318.  DOI: 10.17520/biods.2001047

Special Issue: 生物多样性与生态系统功能

• 论文 • Previous Articles    

Economic approaches to valuing biodiversity: some theoretical barriers and relevant counter measures

XU Song-Ling   

  1. Center for Environment and Development Research , Chinese Academy of Social Sciences , 100732
  • Received:2001-04-18 Revised:2001-07-19 Online:2001-08-20 Published:2001-08-20
  • Contact: XU Song-Ling

Abstract: This paper provides a short commentary on the methodological cont roversy surrounding valuation of world ecosystem services. A new conceptual framework is then proposed for understanding the value of biodiversity , and , based on this , a number of issues are discussed , involving measuring the value of biodiversity , which have not yet been resolved. These are the computability of value , the validity of valuation methods , the additivity and analyticity of value sectors , and error measurement of the value. Finally the paper presents methodological frameworks for two important issues of conservation economics , one of which is estimation of the cost of biodiversity disturbance , and the other is costbenefit analysis (CBA) and cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) for conservation engineering.