生物多样性 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (9): 1165-1169.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2021212

• 数据论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

广西花坪SITE100样地甲虫标本照片数据集

李盼盼1, 佟一杰2,3, 曹浩宇1, 容国森1, 覃诗晴1, 杨星科2,4, 王国全1,*(), 白明2,3,*()   

  1. 1.广西大学农学院植物科学国家级实验教学示范中心, 南宁 530004
    2.中国科学院动物研究所动物进化与系统学重点实验室, 北京 100101
    3.中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
    4.广东省科学院动物研究所, 广东省动物保护与资源利用重点实验室, 广东省野生动物保护与利用公共实验室, 广州 510260
  • 收稿日期:2021-05-24 接受日期:2021-08-08 出版日期:2021-09-20 发布日期:2021-09-29
  • 通讯作者: 王国全,白明
  • 作者简介:baim@ioz.ac.cn
    * E-mail: wangguoquan0@163.com;
  • 基金资助:
    国家科技基础资源调查专项(2019FY100400);国家自然科学基金(31961143002);国家自然科学基金(31900317);中国科学院国际合作局“一带一路”项目和广东省科学院建设国内一流研究机构行动专项资金(2020GDASYL-20200102021);中国科学院国际合作局“一带一路”项目和广东省科学院建设国内一流研究机构行动专项资金(2020GDASYL-20200301003)

A photographic dataset of the beetle specimens from a SITE100 standardized sampling area in Huaping, Guangxi

Panpan Li1, Yijie Tong2,3, Haoyu Cao1, Guosen Rong1, Shiqing Qin1, Xingke Yang2,4, Guoquan Wang1,*(), Ming Bai2,3,*()   

  1. 1 National Demonstration Center for Experimental Plant Science Education, College of Agriculture, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004
    2 Key Laboratory of Zoological Systematics and Evolution, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    3 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
    4 Guangdong Key Laboratory of Animal Conservation and Resource Utilization, Guangdong Public Laboratory of Wild Animal Conservation and Utilization, Institute of Zoology, Guangdong Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510260
  • Received:2021-05-24 Accepted:2021-08-08 Online:2021-09-20 Published:2021-09-29
  • Contact: Guoquan Wang,Ming Bai

摘要:

通过在全球定点布设长期样地, 定量评估昆虫多样性与环境之间的关系具有重要意义。“SITE100”国际大科学计划在全球选定100个大样地, 每个样地统一选用罐诱法、马氏网法和飞行阻隔法三类采集装备, 从物种、形态和遗传多样性三个维度探究全球昆虫多样性格局。花坪被选为全球100个大样地之一。本文的数据集为花坪样地2020年生长季期间的鞘翅目收样结果, 历时7个月(2020.05.09-2020.11.23), 涵盖10个样点, 每个样点包括1套飞行阻隔器、1套马氏网和10个埋罐, 平均每周访问全部样点1次。研究期间共采集甲虫8,914头, 被划分为563个形态种, 涵盖57个科。数据集包括四部分, 第一部分为各样点每个采集装备每次收样所获得甲虫标本的集体照原图, 共计644张, 压缩后为照片1.zip; 第二部分为标注了形态种编号的甲虫标本的集体照, 共计644张, 压缩后为照片2.zip; 第三部分为甲虫标本数量统计数据, 涵盖2020年5月2日至2020年11月23日期间3种采集方式各日期采集甲虫的数量、采集样点的经纬度以及海拔信息, 共2个文件, 压缩后为数据1.zip; 第四部分为甲虫标本高级阶元(科级或亚科级)鉴定信息, 共计2个文件, 压缩后为数据2.zip。该数据集除了可以用于与其他SITE100样地结果进行联合分析之外, 还可用来比较不同栖境中甲虫的类群分布和形态差异, 部分类群的背面观图片为后续的几何形态学或者形态学研究提供数据支持。该数据集还是对花坪甲虫多样性的首次定量评估, 对于丰富我国生物多样性本底数据和了解我国南方昆虫区系的来源具有重要意义。

关键词: 形态多样性, 被动采集, 飞行阻隔法, 马氏网法, 罐诱法

Abstract

It is important to quantitatively assess the relationship between insect diversity and the environment by laying long-term sample plots at a global scale. Consequently, the SITE100 International Science Project was proposed. The project plans to select 100 large sites around the world and use three types of data collection methods, namely, flight interception trap (FIT), Malaise trap (MT), and pitfall trap (PT). The global insect diversity pattern is explored from three dimensions: species diversity, morphological diversity and genetic diversity. Huaping, Guangxi was selected as one of the 100 sites to explore the origin of global insect diversity and its relationship with the environment through long-term monitoring and cross-regional large-scale comparison. In this study, the data set of beetles collected from the Huaping site during 2020 growing season lasted 7 months (2020.05.09-2020.11.23), covering 10 sites. Each site contained one FIT, one MT and 10 PT. All sites were visited once a week on average. A total of 8,914 beetles were collected during the study period. 563 morphological species from 57 families were identified. The data set consists of four parts. The first part is the original photos of all beetle specimens obtained from all traps at various collection points, with a total of 644 photos. After compression, the file name is Photo-1.zip. The second part is the photos of beetles grouped by morphological species. After compression, the file name is Photo-2.zip. The third part is the statistics of each beetle specimen: the collection method, and the longitude, latitude, and altitude of its sampling point. The file name for this data set is data-1.zip. The fourth part is detailed identification information of the morphological species of each specimen. The file name is data-2.zip. In addition to joint analysis with the results from other SITE100 sites, this data set can also be used to analyze and compare the distribution and morphological differences of beetle taxa in different habitats. The images of some taxa can provide data support for subsequent geometric morphometrics or morphological studies. This dataset is the first quantitative assessment of beetle diversity in Huaping, and is of great significance in enriching biodiversity background data in China and understanding the origin of insect fauna in southern China.

Key words: morphological diversity, passive collecting, flight interception trap, Malaise trap, pitfall trap