生物多样性 ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (10): 1060-1073.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2018082

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国土壤线虫生态学研究进展和展望

张晓珂, 梁文举, 李琪*()   

  1. 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所中国科学院森林生态与管理重点实验室, 沈阳 110016
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-20 接受日期:2018-05-17 出版日期:2018-10-20 发布日期:2019-01-06
  • 通讯作者: 李琪
  • 作者简介:# 共同第一作者
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划子课题(2017YFD0200602)和国家自然科学基金(41771280)

Recent progress and future directions of soil nematode ecology in China

Xiaoke Zhang, Wenju Liang, Qi Li*()   

  1. Key Laboratory of Forest Ecology and Management, Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016
  • Received:2018-03-20 Accepted:2018-05-17 Online:2018-10-20 Published:2019-01-06
  • Contact: Li Qi
  • About author:# Co-first authors

摘要:

土壤线虫生态学主要探讨土壤线虫群落和其周围环境(包括生物和非生物)的相互关系, 包括不同生态系统中土壤线虫群落的分布和结构组成、线虫群落与土壤环境及其他土壤生物之间的相互作用等。本文回顾了我国研究者近年来在土壤线虫生态学研究领域的研究现状, 包括不同生态系统土壤线虫群落的分布、组成和多样性及其影响因素, 土壤线虫群落与全球气候环境变化的关系, 土壤线虫群落的生态功能以及土壤线虫群落生态学分析方法的发展及应用。重点评述近年来我国土壤线虫生态学的发展现状, 同时分析和比较了国内外土壤线虫生态学的发展态势, 提出建设全国范围的监测网络的重要性。未来我国土壤线虫生态学的发展方向应继续加强小尺度下土壤微食物网联通性和大尺度下全球气候变化对土壤线虫群落影响的研究以及加强相关新的研究技术方法的应用。

关键词: 土壤线虫多样性, 生物指示, 全球气候变化, 线虫生态功能

Abstract

Investigations into soil nematode ecology mainly focus on the relationship between soil nematode communities and their surrounding environment, both biotic and abiotic. This paper reviews a recent string of publications on soil nematode ecology by scholars in China. Research progress has been made on the distribution, composition, ecological function, diversity and drivers of soil nematode communities, as well as on their relationship with global climate change. Developments in new analysis methods for soil nematode ecology are also reviewed here. The developments in soil nematode ecology in domestic and international studies are compared and analyzed, and then the importance of nationwide monitor network construction is put forward. Future research directions of soil nematode ecology in China are also presented. In conclusion, more studies are needed on soil nematode ecology at a small scale within soil micro-food webs and at a large scale under global climate change, and new related technology and methods should continue to be developed.

Key words: soil nematode diversity, bioindication, global climate change, nematode ecological function