生物多样性 ›› 2000, Vol. 08 ›› Issue (2): 227-232.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2000031

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

甘肃省动、植物资源现状及持续发展对策

王静,冯兆忠   

  1. (兰州大学干旱农业生态国家重点实验室,  兰州 730000)
  • 收稿日期:1999-01-25 修回日期:2000-03-10 出版日期:2000-05-20 发布日期:2000-05-20
  • 通讯作者: 冯兆忠

The status of animal and plant resources and the strategies for sustainable development in Gansu

WANG Jing, FENG Zhao-Zhong   

  1. The status of animal and plant resources and the strategies for sustainable development in Gansu
  • Received:1999-01-25 Revised:2000-03-10 Online:2000-05-20 Published:2000-05-20
  • Contact: FENG Zhao-Zhong

摘要: 甘肃地处中国的中部偏北,位于黄土高原、内蒙古高原和青藏高原的交汇处,是我国唯一横跨三大自然区的省份。全省的动植物资源极其丰富。据不完全调查,共有脊椎动物924种和亚种,占国内4865种的19.01%;种子植物3867种,占国内30 000种的12.9%。由于生态环境破坏,乱捕滥猎,使许多动植物相继消失,许多国家级保护的动植物成为濒危物种。为保护生态环境,实现可持续发展,本文提出了5项持续利用的对策:(1)加强对资源的调查与生物多样性的科学研究;(2)提高全民族的生态意识,制定特殊的奖惩条例,加大保护动植物资源教育的力度;(3)完善保护区的建设与管理,建立各级自然保护区基金;(4)因地制宜,综合利用土地资源;(5)保护动植物栖息环境。

AbstractGansu Province lies in the interface of Loess plateau , Inner Mongolia plateau and Qingzang plateau in the northwest of China. It has abundant animal andplant resources. An incomplete investigation shows that 924 vertebrate species and subspecies , accounting for 19.01% of 4865 in China , 3867 species of seed plants , accounting for 12.9% of 30000 in China , are distributed in Gansu. Because of environment destruction and over-hunting , plenty of animals and plants have been extinct and many species endangered. Five strategies for sustainable development of animal and plant resources were suggested in this paper : 1) strengthen investigation on resources and research on biodiversity ; 2) improve the ecological consciousness of the people , make special reward and punishment statute and strengthen the education for animal and plant resources protection ; 3) re2 inforce the construction and management of the nature reserves and establish protection funds for all-leveled re2 serves ; 4) utilize soil resources completely according to the condition of Gansn , and 5) protect the habitats of animals and plants.