Biodiversity Science ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (2): 111-122.doi: 10.17520/biods.2016253

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Current research and development trends in floristic geography

Hang Sun1,*(), Tao Deng1, Yongsheng Chen1,2, Zhuo Zhou1   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory for Plant Diversity and Biogeography of East Asia, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201
    2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2016-09-20 Accepted:2016-11-07 Online:2017-03-06
  • Sun Hang

This paper summarizes the research status, existing issues, and trends in floristic geography. There is now a wealth of research accumulation on floristic investigations, distribution types of genera, floristic regions, and regional floristic analysis. It is also noted that most of these studies utilize simple statistical analyses, comparative studies, traditional methods, and single subjects, to provide a basic understanding and description of the floristic phenomenon, which is lacking spatial pattern formation processes and detailed exploration of formation mechanisms. Additionally, there are still some weak and non-existent areas of botanical investigation. Many existing specimens lack detailed or accurate information and the precise identification of plant species also needs to be much improved. At the same time, when analyzing the development trends of floristic geography, with the rapid development of related disciplines, including the development of biogeography and analysis methods and improvements, floristic geography research is an area of multidisciplinary integration, comprehensive research, and analysis. On the one hand, using database information, and combining ecology, paleobotany, and geology can allow us to probe into spatial pattern formation. On the other hand, combining phylogenetics, the tree of life, and molecular biogeography allow us to reveal floristic origins and evolution. The rapid development of various disciplines has given rise to a large amount of data, meanwhile, the emergence and application of new analytical methods and theories incorporate big data into floristic geography research, which will enhance qualitative understanding and description, and allow us to further explore the mechanisms of formation quantitatively.

Key words: floristic geography, floristic investigation, comprehensive research, ecology, molecular phylogenetics, biogeography, big data

1 Amarilla LD, Anton AM, Chiapella JO, Manifesto MM, Angulo DF, Sosa V (2015) Munroa argentina, a grass of the South American transition zone, survived the Andean uplift, aridification and glaciations of the Quaternary. PLoS ONE, 10, e0128559.
2 Bai WN, Wang WT, Zhang DY (2016) Phylogeographic breaks within Asian butternuts indicate the existence of a phytogeographic divide in East Asia. New Phytologist, 209, 1757-1772.
3 Cao W, Fu PY, Liu SZ, Li JY, Qin ZS, Yu XH, Zhu CX (1995) Studies on the flora of the seed plants from the flora subregion of NE China Plain. Acta Botanica Yunnanica, 17(Suppl. VII), 22-31.
(in Chinese with English abstract) [曹伟, 傅沛云, 刘淑珍, 李冀云, 秦忠时, 于兴华, 朱彩霞 (1995) 东北平原植物区系亚地区种子植物区系研究. 云南植物研究, 17(增刊VII), 22-31.]
4 Chen LZ (ed.) Floristics and Vegetation Geography of China. Science Press, Beijing.
(in Chinese) [陈灵芝主编. 中国植物区系与植被地理. 科学出版社, 北京]
5 Cox CB (2001) The biogeographic regions reconsidered. Journal of Biogeography, 28, 511-523.
6 Crisp MD, Cook LG (2013) How was the Australian flora assembled over the last 65 million years? A molecular phylogenetic perspective. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 44, 303-324.
7 Deng T, Kim C, Zhang DG, Zhang JW, Li ZM, Nie ZL, Sun H (2013) Zhengyia shennongensis: a new bulbiliferous genus and species of the nettle family (Urticaceae) from central China exhibiting parallel evolution of the bulbil trait. Taxon, 62, 89-99.
8 Donoghue MJ (2008) A phylogenetic perspective on the distribution of plant diversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 105, 11549-11555.
9 Emerson BC, Cicconardi F, Fanciulli PP, Shaw PJA (2011) Phylogeny, phylogeography, phylobetadiversity and the molecular analysis of biological communities. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 366, 2391-2402.
10 Emerson BC, Gillespie RG (2008) Phylogenetic analysis of community assembly and structure over space and time. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 23, 619-630.
11 Fan DM, Yue JP, Nie ZL, Li ZM, Comes HP, Sun H (2013) Phylogeography of Sophora davidii (Leguminosae) across the ‘Tanaka-Kaiyong Line’, an important phytogeographic boundary in Southwest China. Molecular Ecology, 22, 4270-4288.
12 Fang RZ, Bai PY, Huang GB, Wei YG (1995) A floristic study on the seed plants from tropics and subtropics of Dian-Qian- Gui. Acta Botanica Yunnanica, 17(Suppl. VII), 111-150.
(in Chinese with English abstract) [方瑞征, 白佩瑜, 黄广宾, 韦毅刚 (1995) 滇黔桂热带亚热带(滇黔桂地区和北部湾地区)种子植物区系研究. 云南植物研究, 17(增刊VII), 111-150.]
13 Favre A, Päckert M, Pauls SU, Jähnig SC, Uhl D, Michalak I, Muellner-Riehl AN (2015) The role of the uplift of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau for the evolution of Tibetan biotas. Biological Reviews, 90, 236-253.
14 Feng G, Mao LF, Sandel B, Swenson NG, Svenning JC (2015) High plant endemism in China is partially linked to reduced glacial-interglacial climate change. Journal of Biogeography, 43, 145-154.
15 Fu PY, Li JY, Cao W, Ding TY, Qin ZS, Liu SZ, Zhu CX (1995) Studies on the flora of the seed plants from the flora region of NE China. Acta Botanica Yunnanica, 17(Suppl. VII), 11-21.
(in Chinese with English abstract) [傅沛云, 李冀云, 曹伟, 丁托娅, 秦忠时, 刘淑珍, 朱彩霞 (1995) 东北植物区系地区种子植物区系研究. 云南植物研究, 17(增刊VII), 11-21.]
16 Goodwin ZA, Harris DJ, Filer D, Wood JRI, Scotland RW (2015) Widespread mistaken identity in tropical plant collections. Current Biology, 25, R1066-R1067.
17 Hao RM (1997) On the areal-types of the Chinese endemic genera of seed plants. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica, 36, 500-510.
(in Chinese with English abstract) [郝日明 (1997) 试论中国种子植物特有属的分布区类型. 植物分类学报, 36, 500-510.]
18 Harvey PH, Pagel MS (1991) The Comparative Method in Evolutionary Ecology. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
19 Holt BG, Lessard JP, Borregaard MK, Fritz SA, Araújo MB, Dimitrov D, Fabre PH, Graham CH, Graves GR, Jønsson KA, Nogués-Bravo D, Wang ZH, Whittaker RJ, Fjeldså Jon RC (2013) An update of Wallace’s zoogeographic regions of the world. Science, 339, 74-78.
20 Hong DY (2016) A Monograph of Codonopsis and Allied Genera. Science Press, Beijing.
21 Hong DY, Blackmore S (2013) Plants of China: A Companion of the Flora of China. Science Press, Beijing.
22 Hoorn C, Wesselingh FP, ter Steege H, Bermudez MA, Mora A, Sevink J, Sanmartin I, Sanchez-Meseguer A, Anderson CL, Figueiredo JP, Jaramillo C, Riff D, Negri FR, Hooghiemstra H, Lundberg J, Stadler T, Sarkinen T, Antonelli A (2010) Amazonia through time: Andean uplift, climate change, landscape evolution, and biodiversity. Science, 330, 927-931.
23 Hsieh CF (2002) Composition, endemism and phytogeogra- phical affinities of the Taiwan flora. Taiwania, 47, 298-310.
24 Huang JH, Chen B, Liu C, Lai JS, Zhang JL, Ma KP (2012) Identifying hotspots of endemic woody seed plant diversity in China. Diversity and Distributions, 18, 673-688.
25 Huang JH, Chen JH, Ying TS, Ma KP (2011) Features and distribution patterns of Chinese endemic seed plant species. Journal of Systematics and Evolution, 49, 81-94.
26 Huang YJ, Jacques FMB, Su T, Ferguson DK, Tang H, Chen WY, Zhou ZK (2015) Distribution of Cenozoic plant relicts in China explained by drought in dry season. Scientific Reports, 5,14212.
27 Hui Z, Li J, Xu Q, Song C, Zhang J, Wu F, Zhao Z (2011) Miocene vegetation and climatic changes reconstructed from a sporopollen record of the Tianshui Basin, NE Tibetan Plateau. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoec- ology, 308, 373-382.
28 Jacques FMB, Shi G, Wang WM (2013) Neogene zonal vegetation of China and the evolution of the winter monsoon. Bulletin of Geosciences, 88, 17.
29 Jenkins DG, Ricklefs RE (2011) Biogeography and ecology: two views of one world. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 366, 2331-2335.
30 Kreft H, Jetz W (2010) A framework for delineating biogeographical regions based on species distributions. Journal of Biogeography, 37, 2029-2053.
31 Lancaster LT, Kay KM (2013) Origin and diversification of the California flora: re-examining classic hypotheses with molecular phylogenies. Evolution, 67, 1041-1054.
32 Li R, Kraft NJB, Yang J, Wang YH (2015) A phylogenetically informed delineation of floristic regions within a biodiversity hotspot in Yunnan, China. Scientific Reports, 5, 9396.
33 Li XW (1995a) A floristic study on the seed plants from tropical Yunnan. Acta Botanica Yunnanica, 17, 115-128.
(in Chinese with English abstract) [李锡文 (1995a) 云南热带种子植物区系. 云南植物研究, 17, 115-128.]
34 Li XW (1995b) A floristic study on the seed plants from the region of Yunnan Plateau. Acta Botanica Yunnanica, 17, 1-14.
(in Chinese with English abstract) [李锡文 (1995b) 云南高原地区种子植物区系. 云南植物研究, 17, 1-14.]
35 Li XW, Li J (1997) The Tanaka-Kaiyong Line—an important floristic line for the study of the flora of East Asia. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 84, 888-892.
36 Li XW, Li J (1993) A preliminary floristic study on the seed plants from the region of Hengduan Mountain. Acta Botanica Yunnanica, 15, 217-231.
(in Chinese with English abstract) [李锡文, 李捷 (1993) 横断山脉地区种子植物区系的初步研究. 云南植物研究, 15, 217-231.]
37 Linder HP (2014) The evolution of African plant diversity. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 2, 38.
38 Liu FX, Liu SL, Yang ZB, Hao RM, Yao J, Huang ZY, Li N (1995) A floristic study on the seed plants from the region of East China. Acta Botanica Yunnanica, 17(Suppl. VII), 93-110.
(in Chinese with English abstract) [刘昉勋, 刘守炉, 杨志斌, 郝日明, 姚金, 黄致远, 李宁 (1995) 华东地区种子植物区系研究. 云南植物研究, 17(增刊VII), 93-110.]
39 Liu JQ, Sun YS, Ge XJ, Gao LM, Qiu YX (2012) Phylogeographic studies of plants in China: advances in the past and directions in the future. Journal of Systematics and Evolution, 50, 267-275.
40 Liu YX (1995) A study on origin and formation of the Chinese desert floras. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica, 33, 131-143.
(in Chinese with English abstract) [刘媖心 (1995) 试论荒漠地区植物区系的发生与形成. 植物分类学报, 33, 131-143.]
41 López-Pujol J, Zhang FM, Sun HQ, Ying TS, Ge S (2011) Centres of plant endemism in China: places for survival or for speciation? Journal of Biogeography, 38, 1267-1280.
42 Lu AM (1999) The Geography of Spermatophytic Families and Genera. Science Press, Beijing.
(in Chinese) [路安民 (1999) 种子植物科属地理. 科学出版社, 北京.]
43 Luo D, Yue JP, Sun WG, Xu B, Li ZM, Comes HP, Sun H (2016) Evolutionary history of the subnival flora of the Himalaya-Hengduan Mountains: first insights from comparative phylogeography of four perennial herbs. Journal of Biogeography, 43, 31-43.
44 Ma JS (2011) The Outline of Taxonomic Literature of Eastern Asian Higher Plants. Higher Education Press, Beijing.
(in Chinese) [马金双 (2011) 东亚高等植物分类学文献概览. 高等教育出版社, 北京.]
45 Mao LF, Chen SB, Zhang JL, Hou YH, Zhou GS, Zhang XS (2013) Vascular plant diversity on the roof of the world: spatial patterns and environmental determinants. Journal of Systematics and Evolution, 51, 371-381.
46 Meseguer AS, Lobo JM, Ree R, Beerling DJ, Sanmartín I (2015) Integrating fossils, phylogenies, and niche models into biogeography to reveal ancient evolutionary history: the case of Hypericum (Hypericaceae). Systematic Biology, 64, 215-232.
47 Milne RI, Abbott RJ (2002) The origin and evolution of Tertiary relict floras. Advances in Botanical Research, 38, 281-314.
48 Mitsui Y, Chen ST, Zhou ZK, Peng CI, Deng YF, Setoguchi H (2008) Phylogeny and biogeography of the genus Ainsliaea (Asteraceae) in the Sino-Japanese region based on nuclear rDNA and plastid DNA sequence data. Annals of Botany, 101, 111-124.
49 Pan XL, Dang RL, Lv GH, Gu FX, Jiang XC, Wu GH, Shen GM, Chang SL, Wei Y (2003) Plant Floristic Geography and Its Resources Utilization in Arid Desert Area, Northwest China. Science Press, Beijing.
(in Chinese) [潘晓玲, 党荣理, 吕光辉, 顾峰雪, 姜孝成, 伍光和, 沈观冕, 常顺利, 魏英 (2003) 西北干旱荒漠区植物区系地理与资源利用. 科学出版社, 北京.]
50 Qi CJ, Yu XL, Xiao YT, Cao TR, Zheng Z, Yin GP (1995) A study on the flora of the seed plants from the floristic region of central China. Acta Botanica Yunnanica, 17(Suppl. VII), 55-92.
(in Chinese with English abstract) [祁承经, 喻勋林, 肖育檀, 曹铁如, 郑重, 尹国萍 (1995) 华中植物区种子植物区系的研究. 云南植物研究, 17(增刊VII), 55-92.]
51 Qiu YX, Fu CX, Comes HP (2011) Plant molecular phylogeography in China and adjacent regions: tracing the genetic imprints of Quaternary climate and environmental change in the world’s most diverse temperate flora. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 59, 225-244.
52 Ricklefs RE, Jenkins DG (2011) Biogeography and ecology: towards the integration of two disciplines. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 366, 2438-2448.
53 Smith SA, Donoghue MJ (2010) Combining historical biogeography with niche modeling in the Caprifolium clade of Lonicera (Caprifoliaceae, Dipsacales). Systematic Biology, 59, 322-341.
54 Soberón J, Peterson AT (2005) Interpretation of models of fundamental ecological niches and species’ distributional areas. Biodiversity Informatics, 2, 1-10.
55 Song ZC, Li HM, Zheng YH, Liu GW (1983) Miocene floristic region of China. In: Palaeobiogeographic Provinces of China (ed. Editorial Commitee of Paleontology Basic Theory Book Series), pp. 178-184. Science Press, Beijing.
(in Chinese) [宋之琛, 李浩敏, 郑亚惠, 刘耕武 (1983) 我国中新世植物区系. 见: 中国古生物地理区系(编著: 古生物学基础理论丛书编委会), pp. 178-184. 科学出版社, 北京.]
56 Swenson NG, Umaña MN (2014) Phylofloristics: an example from the Lesser Antilles. Journal of Plant Ecology, 7, 166-175.
57 Takhtajan A (1986) Floristic Regions of the World. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA.
58 Tao JR (1992) The Tertiary vegetation and flora and floristic regions in China. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica, 30, 25-43.
(in Chinese with English abstract) [陶君容 (1992) 中国第三纪植被和植物区系历史及分区. 植物分类学报, 30, 25-43.]
59 Tao JR (2000) The Evolution of the Late Cretaceous-Cenozoic Floras in China. Science Press, Beijing.
(in Chinese) [陶君容 (2000) 中国晚白垩世至新生代植物区系的发展与演变. 科学出版社, 北京.]
60 Tiffney BH, Manchester SR (2001) The use of geological and paleontological evidence in evaluating plant phylogeographic hypotheses in the Northern Hemisphere tertiary. International Journal of Plant Sciences, 162, S3-S17.
61 Verboom GA, Archibald JK, Bakker FT, Bellstedt DU, Conrad F, Dreyer LL, Forest F, Galley C, Goldblatt P, Henning JF, Mummenhoff K, Linder HP, Muasya AM, Oberlander KC, Savolainen V, Snijman DA, Niet T, Nowell TL (2009) Origin and diversification of the Greater Cape flora: ancient species repository, hot-bed of recent radiation, or both? Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 51, 44-53.
62 Wang HS (1992) Floristic Geography. Science Press, Beijing.
(in Chinese) [王荷生 (1992) 植物区系地理. 科学出版社, 北京.]
63 Wang HS (1997) Floristic Geography of North China. Science Press, Beijing.
(in Chinese) [王荷生 (1997) 华北植物区系地理. 科学出版社, 北京.]
64 Wang HS, Zhang YL (1994a) The distribution patterns of spermatophytic families and genera endemic to China. Acta Geographica Sinica, 49, 403-417.
(in Chinese with English abstract) [王荷生, 张镱锂 (1994a) 中国种子植物特有科属的分布型. 地理学报, 49, 403-417.]
65 Wang HS, Zhang YL (1994b) The biodiversity and characters of spermatophytic genera endemic to China. Acta Botanica Yunnanica, 16, 209-220.
(in Chinese with English abstract) [王荷生, 张镱锂 (1994b) 中国种子植物特有属的多样性和特征. 云南植物研究, 16, 209-220.]
66 Wang HS, Zhang YL, Huang JS, Wu ZF, Zhao SL, Wang HS, Zhang ZW, Chen YS, Zhang CL (1995) A floristic study on the seed plants in the north China region. Acta Botanica Yunnanica, 17(Suppl. VII), 32-54.
(in Chinese with English abstract) [王荷生, 张镱锂, 黄劲松, 吴志芬, 赵善伦, 王合生, 张振万, 陈彦生, 张春林 (1995) 华北地区种子植物区系研究. 云南植物研究, 17(增刊VII), 32-54.]
67 Wang ZW, Chen ST, Nie ZL, Zhang JW, Zhou Z, Deng T, Sun H (2015) Climatic factors drive population divergence and demography: insights based on the phylogeography of a riparian plant species endemic to the Hengduan Mountains and adjacent regions. PLoS ONE, 10, e0145014.
68 Wen J, Ickert-Bond SM, Appelhans MS, Dorr LJ, Funk VA (2015) Collections-based systematics: opportunities and outlook for 2050. Journal of Systematics and Evolution, 53, 477-488.
69 Wen J, Nie ZL, Ickert-Bond SM (2016) Intercontinental disjunctions between eastern Asia and western North America in vascular plants highlight the biogeographic importance of the Bering land bridge from late Cretaceous to Neogene. Journal of Systematics and Evolution, 54, 469-490.
70 Wen J, Ree RH, Ickert-Bond SM, Nie ZL, Funk V (2013) Biogeography: Where do we go from here? Taxon, 62, 912-927.
71 Wu DL, Xing FW, Ye HG, Li ZX, Chen BH (1996) Study on the spermatophytic flora of South China Sea Islands. Journal of Tropical and Subtropical Botany, 4, 1-22.
(in Chinese with English abstract) [吴德邻, 邢福武, 叶华谷, 李泽贤, 陈炳辉 (1996) 南海岛屿种子植物区系地理的研究. 热带亚热带植物学报, 4, 1-22.]
72 Wu SG, Yang YP, Fei Y (1995) On the flora of the apline region in the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) Plateau. Acta Botanica Yunnanica, 17, 233-250.
(in Chinese with English abstract) [武素功, 杨永平, 费勇 (1995) 青藏高寒地区种子植物区系的研究. 云南植物研究, 17, 233-250.]
73 Wu ZY (1965) The tropical floristic affinity of the flora of China. Chinese Science Bulletin, 1, 25-33.
(in Chinese) [吴征镒 (1965) 中国植物区系的热带亲缘. 科学通报, 1, 25-33.]
74 Wu ZY (1987) Flora of Tibet. Science Press, Beijing.
(in Chinese) [吴征镒 (1987) 西藏植物志. 科学出版社, 北京.]
75 Wu ZY (1988) Hengduan Mountain flora and her significance. Journal of Japanese Botany, 63, 297-311.
76 Wu ZY (1979) The regionalization of Chinese flora. Acta Botanica Yunnanica, 1, 1-24.
(in Chinese with English abstract) [吴征镒 (1979) 论中国植物区系的分区问题. 云南植物研究, 1, 1-24.]
77 Wu ZY (1991) The areal-types of Chinese genera of seed plants. Acta Botanica Yunnanica, 13(Suppl. IV), 1-139.
(in Chinese with English abstract) [吴征镒 (1991) 中国种子植物属的分布区类型. 云南植物研究, 13(增刊IV), 1-139.]
78 Wu ZY, Lu AM, Tang YC, Chen ZD, Li DZ (2003a) The Families and Genera of Angiosperms in China: A Comprehensive Analysis. Science Press, Beijing.
(in Chinese) [吴征镒, 路安民, 汤彦承, 陈之端, 李德铢(2003a) 中国被子植物科属综论. 科学出版社, 北京.]
79 Wu ZY, Sun H (2014) The floristic geography of China. In: Floristic and Vegetation Geography of China (ed. Chen LZ). Science Press, Beijing.
(in Chinese) [吴征镒, 孙航 (2014) 中国植物区系地理. 见: 中国植物区系与植被地理(编著: 陈灵芝), 3-214页. 科学出版社, 北京.]
80 Wu ZY, Sun H, Zhou ZK, Li DZ, Peng H (2011) Floristics of Seed Plants from China. Science Press, Beijing.
(in Chinese) [吴征镒, 孙航, 周浙昆, 李德铢, 彭华 (2011) 中国种子植物区系地理. 科学出版社, 北京.]
81 Wu ZY, Sun H, Zhou ZK, Peng H, Li DZ (2007) Origin and differentiation of endemism in the flora of China. Frontiers of Biology in China, 2, 125-143.
82 Wu ZY, Wang HS (1983) Chinese Physical Geography. Science Press, Beijing.
(in Chinese) [吴征镒, 王荷生 (1983) 中国自然地理——植物地理. 科学出版社, 北京.]
83 Wu ZY, Wu SG (1998) A proposal for a new floristic kingdom (realm): the E. Asiatic Kingdom, its delineation and characteristics. In: Floristic Characteristics and Diversity of East Asian Plants (eds Zhang AL, Wu SG). China Higher Education Press, Beijing; Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg.
84 Wu ZY, Zhou ZK, Li DZ, Peng H, Sun H (2003b) The areal-types of the world families of seed plants. Acta Botanica Yunnanica, 25, 245-257.
(in Chinese with English abstract) [吴征镒, 周浙昆, 李德铢, 彭华, 孙航 (2003b) 世界种子植物科的分布区类型系统. 云南植物研究, 25, 245-257.]
85 Wu ZY, Zhou ZK, Sun H, Li DZ, Peng H (2006) The Areal-Types of Seed Plants and Their Origin and Differentiation. Yunnan Science and Technology Press, Kunming.
(in Chinese) [吴征镒, 周浙昆, 孙航, 李德铢, 彭华 (2006) 种子植物分布区类型及其起源与分化. 云南科技出版社, 昆明.]
86 Xing FW, Li ZX, Ye HG, Chen BH, Wu DL (1993) A study on the floristic plant geography of Xisha Islands, South China. Tropical Geography, 13, 250-257.
(in Chinese with English abstract) [邢福武, 李泽贤, 叶华谷, 陈炳辉, 吴德邻 (1993) 我国西沙群岛植物区系地理的研究. 热带地理, 13, 250-257.]
87 Xing FW, Wu DL, Ye HG, Li ZX, Chen BH, Li TH (1996) Flora of Nansha Islands and Their Adjacent Islands. China Ocean Press, Beijing.
(in Chinese) [邢福武, 吴德邻, 叶华谷, 李泽贤, 陈炳辉, 李泰辉 (1996) 南沙群岛及其邻近岛屿植物志. 海洋出版社, 北京.]
88 Xing YW, Gandolfo MA, Linder HP (2015) The Cenozoic biogeographical evolution of woody angiosperms inferred from fossil distributions. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 24, 1290-1301.
89 Yang WJ, Ma KP, Kreft H (2014) Environmental and socio-economic factors shaping the geography of floristic collections in China. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 23, 1284-1292.
90 Yin LK (1997) Diversity and ex situ conservation of plants in the desert region of temperate zone in China. Chinese Biodiversity, 5, 40-48.
(in Chinese with English abstract) [尹林克 (1997) 中国温带荒漠区的植物多样性及其易地保护. 生物多样性, 5, 40-48.]
91 Ying TS (1994) An analysis of the flora of Qinling Mountain region: its nature, characteristics and origins. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica, 32, 389-410.
(in Chinese with English abstract) [应俊生 (1994) 秦岭植物区系的性质、特点和起源. 植物分类学报, 32, 389-410.]
92 Ying TS (1996) Areography of the endemic genera of seed plants in China. Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica, 34, 479-485.
(in Chinese with English abstract) [应俊生 (1996) 中国种子植物特有属的分布区学研究. 植物分类学报, 34, 479-485.]
93 Ying TS, Chen ML (2011) Phytogeography of China. Science Press, Beijing.
(in Chinese) [应俊生, 陈梦玲 (2011) 中国植物地理. 科学出版社, 北京.]
94 Yue XK, Yue JP, Yang LE, Li ZM, Sun H (2011) Systematics of the genus Salweenia (Leguminosae) from Southwest China with discovery of a second species. Taxon, 60, 1366-1374.
95 Zhang DC, Boufford DE, Ree RH, Sun H (2009a) The 29 degrees N latitudinal line: an important division in the Hengduan Mountains, a biodiversity hotspot in southwest China. Nordic Journal of Botany, 27, 405-412.
96 Zhang DC, Ye JX, Sun H (2016a) Quantitative approaches to identify floristic units and centres of species endemism in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, south-western China. Journal of Biogeography, 43, 2465-2476.
97 Zhang DC, Zhang YH, Boufford DE, Sun H (2009b) Elevational patterns of species richness and endemism for some important taxa in the Hengduan Mountains, southwestern China. Biodiversity and Conservation, 18, 699-716.
98 Zhang HD (1980) The origin and development of the Cathaysian flora. Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Sunyatseni, 19, 89-98.
(in Chinese with English abstract) [张宏达 (1980) 华夏植物区系的起源与发展. 中山大学学报自然科学版, 19, 89-98.]
99 Zhang HD (1994) Another theory on the origin and development of the Cathaysian flora. Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Sunyatseni, 33, 1-9.
[张宏达 (1994) 再论华夏植物区系的起源. 中山大学学报(自然科学版), 33, 1-9.]
100 Zhang MG, Slik JWF, Ma KP (2016b) Using species distribution modeling to delineate the botanical richness patterns and phytogeographical regions of China. Scientific Reports, 6, 22400
101 Zhang WH, Li DW, Liu GB, Xu XH (2002) The characteristic of the seed plant in Loess Plateau. Bulletin of Botanical Research, 22, 373-379.
(in Chinese with English abstract) [张文辉, 李登武, 刘国彬, 徐学华 (2002) 黄土高原地区种子植物区系特征. 植物研究, 22, 373-379.]
102 Zhang ZY, Fan LM, Yang JB, Hao XJ, Gu ZJ (2006) Alkaloid polymorphism and ITS sequence variation in the Spiraea japonica complex (Rosaceae) in China: traces of the biological effects of the Himalaya-Tibet Plateau uplift. American Journal of Botany, 93, 762-769.
103 Zhu GP, Liu GQ, Bu WJ, Gao YB (2013) Ecological niche modeling and its applications in biodiversity conservation. Biodiversity Science, 21, 90-98.
(in Chinese with English abstract) [朱耿平, 刘国卿, 卜文俊, 高玉葆 (2013) 生态位模型的基本原理及其在生物多样性保护中的应用. 生物多样性, 21, 90-98.]
104 Zhu H (2008) Distribution patterns of genera of Yunnan seed plants with references to their biogeographical significances. Advances in Earth Science, 23, 830-839.
(in Chinese with English abstract) [朱华 (2008) 云南种子植物区系地理成分分布格局及其意义. 地球科学进展, 23, 830-839.]
105 Zhu H (2016) Biogeographical evidences help revealing the origin of Hainan Island. PLoS ONE, 11, e0151941.
106 Zhu H (2017) Tropical flora of southern China. Biodiversity Science, 25, [朱华 (2017) 中国南部热带植物区系. 生物多样性, 25, 204-217.]
[1] Bo Wang,Yong Huang,Jiatang Li,Qiang Dai,Yuezhao Wang,Daode Yang. Amphibian species richness patterns in karst regions in Southwest China and its environmental associations [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(9): 941-950.
[2] Chi Zhang,Bo Zhou,Jialong Wu,Meirong Lv,Xufei Chen,Zhongyou Yuan,Ling Xiao,Jun Dai. Application of earthworms on soil remediation in southern China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(10): 1091-1102.
[3] Fenglin Zhang,Xin Wang,Jian Zhang. Biodiversity information resources. II. Environmental data [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(1): 53-65.
[4] Xingfeng Si,Yuhao Zhao,Chuanwu Chen,Peng Ren,Di Zeng,Lingbing Wu,Ping Ding. Beta-diversity partitioning: methods, applications and perspectives [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2017, 25(5): 464-480.
[5] Jian Zhang. Biodiversity science and macroecology in the era of big data [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2017, 25(4): 355-363.
[6] Rong Li,Hang Sun. Phylofloristics: a case study from Yunnan, China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2017, 25(2): 195-203.
[7] Wei Fu,Ning Wang,Fang Pang,Yulong Huang,Jun Wu,Shanshan Qi,Zhicong Dai,Daolin Du. Soil microbiota and plant invasions: current and future [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2017, 25(12): 1295-1302.
[8] Xin Wang,Fenglin Zhang,Jian Zhang. Biodiversity information resources. I. Species distribution, catalogue, phylogeny, and life history traits [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2017, 25(11): 1223-1238.
[9] Langxing Yuan,Youhai Shi,Xialan Cheng,Haolin Qin,Wenlong Wang,Kunkun Zhao,Zhixin Zhu,Huafeng Wang. Taxonomic and phylogenetic diversity of vascular plants in the Ma’anling volcanic area of Hainan, China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2017, 25(10): 1075-1084.
[10] Hua Feng,Wenhao Cao,Xiaoyang Tian,Zhiqiang Cheng,Tao Yan. Design and development of a data management system for marine fouling organisms [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2016, 24(7): 838-846.
[11] Junjie Li,Xiaolei Huang. Analysis of publication trends of biodiversity data papers [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2016, 24(12): 1317-1324.
[12] Xile Zhou,Xianchun Zhang,Jiuqiong Sun,Yuehong Yan. Diversity and distribution of lycophytes and ferns in China [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2016, 24(1): 102-107.
[13] Xiaolin Yu,Youbing Zhou,Wenting Xu,Zongqiang Xie. Principle and technical parameters for designing wildlife crossings on tourism roads in protected areas [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2015, 23(6): 824-829.
[14] Sheng Li,Dajun Wang,Zhishu Xiao,Xinhai Li,Tianming Wang,Limin Feng,Yun Wang. Camera-trapping in wildlife research and conservation in China: review and outlook [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2014, 22(6): 685-695.
[15] Aichun Xu,Xingfeng Si,Yanping Wang,Ping Ding. Camera traps and the minimum trapping effort for ground-dwelling mammals in fragmented habitats in the Thousand Island Lake, Zhejiang Province [J]. Biodiv Sci, 2014, 22(6): 764-772.
Full text



[1] Ding bao-zu;Yang Shu-hua;Wu Yi and Yang Jing-yi. Effect of C-AMP on cell Growth of Ginseng Callus[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1984, 2(23): 74 -75 .
[2] Lichai Yuan;Xueping Li;Zhenhua Peng;Jian Gao. Ultrastructure of the Albino and Green Mutants of Pleioblastus fortunei and Expression of 15 Chloroplast Genes[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2010, 45(04): 451 -459 .
[3] Kaifa Wei*;Yiping Liu;Ziying Lin;Yafang Yang;Zehong Zhang;Wensuo Jia. Problems and Solutions in Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated Genetic Transformation of Monocotyledons[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2008, 25(04): 491 -496 .
[4] Li Xu-hang;Shao Li-mei;Yin Wei-yi;Zheng Ping and Li Shu-jie. The Influencences of Pulvic Acid and Wangping Acid on Seed Germination and Seedling Growth of Wheat and Rhizogenic Action of Mung Bean[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1991, 8(03): 51 -55 .
[5] Yang Ji. The Applications of Statistical Methods to the Study of Intraspecific Variation[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1991, 8(01): 30 -36 .
[6] LI Niang-Hui. Progress of the Study on the Transportation of Cytoplasmic Proteins Into Chloroplast[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1998, 15(增刊): 18 -23 .
[7] He Guan-fu. [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1994, 11(04): 56 -57 .
[8] Qian Qian, Lijia Qu, Ming Yuan, Xiaojing Wang, Weicai Yang, Tai Wang, Hongzhi Kong, Gaoming Jiang, Kang Chong. Research Advances on Plant Science in China in 2012[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2013, 48(3): 231 -287 .
[9] . [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1996, 13(专辑): 88 .
[10] Yin Lin-ke and Wang Yie. Preliminary Study on The Phenological Characteristics of Ammopiptanthus During Flowering Period[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1993, 10(02): 54 -56 .