Biodiversity Science ›› 2010, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (6): 647-659.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.2010.647

Special Issue: Biological Invasions: Mechanisms Impacts and Management;

• Special Issue • Previous Article     Next Article

Invasive alien species in Chinese agricultural ecosystems and their management

Sheng Qiang1*, Guoqi Chen1, Baoping Li2, Ling Meng2   

  1. 1Weed Research Laboratory, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095

    2Colleg of Plant Protection, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095
  • Received:2010-06-07 Online:2011-01-31
  • Sheng Qiang

Agricultural ecosystems are vulnerable to biological invasions. There are a total of 239 invasive alien species in a variety of agricultural ecosystems in China. Among them, 155 species are plants, 55 are animals and 29 are microbes. The number of invasive alien species decreases from south to north, and from east to west in China. Invasive alien plant species are generally introduced intentionally, while animals and microbes are mainly unintentionally introduced. Among these invaders, 45.04% have a geographical origin in the Americas, 22.90% in Europe, and 16.41% in Asia. Of these species, 64.85% and 66.53% occur in vegetable gardens (including greenhouses) and orchards, respectively, while 34.31%, 23.85% and 6.28% occur in summer-harvested crop dry land, autumn-harvested crop dry land and paddy field, respectively. Among these 239 invaders, 17 plant species, 10 animals and 7 microbes are noxious pests which, we feel, deserve closer management attention. Currently, chemical control is the principal approach to managing these species in agricultural ecosystems. However, long-term application of pesticides has led to pesticide resistance in some invasive species, with 51 of the 239 invasive alien species reported as exhibiting pesticide-resistant populations worldwide. Therefore, more attention should be paid to management which integrates biological control, ecological measures, agronomic means and quarantine. We suggest that research into the following issues would be fruitful: patterns and mechanisms of and trends in biological invasions in agricultural ecosystems, origin sources and invasion pathways, influences of biological invasions and pesticide resistance on successions of pest communities, and biological invasions caused by transgenic crops.

No related articles found!
Full text



[1] Fu Hua-Long, Han Fu-Shan. Some New Taxa and New Records of Charophyta from Guizhou[J]. J Syst Evol, 1990, 28(1): 76 -87 .
[2] . Advances in Research into Low-Phytic-Acid Mutants in Crops[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2005, 22(04): 463 -470 .
[3] CHANG Hong-Li, REN Yi, FENG Lu-Tian. Morphological observations on metamorphosed sepals in Anemone rivularis var. flore-minore (Ranunculaceae)[J]. J Syst Evol, 2005, 43(3): 225 -232 .
[4] Juan Wang,Yaxin Zhai,Aiqin Zhang. Temporal variation of plant sexes in a wild population of Tulipa sinkiangensis over seven years[J]. Biodiv Sci, 2018, 26(5): 519 -526 .
[5] Chen Zuo-zhong, Huang De-hua. Seasonal Variations of Nutritional Composition of 9 Range Plants in Stipa grandis Steppe[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 1989, 13(4): 325 -331 .
[6] LIU Shang-Wu, HO Ting-Nong. New taxa of Ligularia (Compositae) from China[J]. J Syst Evol, 2000, 38(3): 286 -288 .
[7] Juan Yan, Haijia Chu, Hengchang Wang, Jianqiang Li. Genetic structure and diversity of Medicago lupulina populations in northern and central China based on EST-SSRs markers[J]. Biodiv Sci, 2008, 16(3): 263 -270 .
[8] Shen Ze-hao, Jin Yi-xing. The Early Restoration of Vegetation and Soil Environment in Felling-Field of the Fagus engerliana Forest[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 1995, 19(4): 375 -383 .
[9] ZHOU Da-Xi, YIN Ke, XU Zhi-Hong, XUE Hong-Wei. Effect of Polar Auxin Transport on Rice Root Development[J]. J Integr Plant Biol, 2003, 45(12): 1421 -1427 .
[10] Huawei Xu, Dianyun Hou. Research Advances in Protein Transport into Chloroplasts in Plant Cell#br#[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2018, 53(2): 264 -275 .