外来入侵种,入侵机制,奠基者效应,多次引种," /> 外来入侵种,入侵机制,奠基者效应,多次引种,"/> Genetic diversity and invasion success of alien species: where are we and where should we go?

Biodiversity Science ›› 2010, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (6): 590-597.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.2010.590

Special Issue: Biological Invasions: Mechanisms Impacts and Management;

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Genetic diversity and invasion success of alien species: where are we and where should we go?

Wen Shi; Yu-peng Geng*; Xiaokun Ou   

  1. Institute of Ecology and Geobotany, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091
  • Received:2010-05-04 Online:2011-01-31
  • Yu-peng Geng Author for correspondence. E-mail: ypgeng@ynu.edu.cn

Genetic diversity is hypothesized to affect the invasiveness of alien species. Although many alien species have experienced genetic bottlenecks during invasion, multiple introductions and intra- or inter- specific hybridization may result in high levels of genetic variation that are comparable to native conspecifics. This genetic variation could enable plants to adapt to novel habitats through rapid evolution. However, research has shown that genetic uniformity sometimes has little effect on invasiveness, and instead, may even aid successful invasion by some alien species. These results suggest that high levels of genetic diversity are not always necessary in biological invasions. In this review, we explore relationships between genetic diversity and successful invasions. We examine the possible mechanisms through which genetic diversity can influence the short-term success and long-term evolution of alien species. Additionally, we raise and discuss issues that deserve attention in future studies. Future research should unite invasion ecology and other ecological disciplines in order to deepen our understanding of the ecological and evolutionary processes involved with biological invasions.

Key words: invasive alien species, founder effect, mechanism of invasion, multiple introductions

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