Biodiversity Science ›› 2008, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (6): 618-626.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2008.08185

• Editorial • Previous Article    

Biodiversity conservation and a conception for a national desert park in Dzungaria Basin, Xinjiang

Haiping Tang1*, Lijuan Yan1, Xinshi Zhang1, 2   

  1. 1 College of Resources Science & Technology; State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875
    2 State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Bei-jing 100093
  • Online:2008-11-20
  • Haiping Tang

Dzungaria Basin in Xinjiang possesses the most abundant biological resources of animals and plants among the temperate deserts in the world. It has been influenced negatively by the human disturbance such as overgrazing, farming, wood harvesting, digging herbs and illegal hunting as well as by the rapid industrial development for mineral and energy resources such as oil and coal. A plan for biodiversity conservation is so urgent for the basin that the contradiction between biodiversity protection and economic development can be solved. Here, we propose a conception for a national desert park in the basin. Firstly, the boundary of the Dzungaria Basin was determined through topographic mapping, field investigation, and historical data. Secondly, the current biological diversity in terms of the desert vegetation types, ephemeral plant species, and the wildlife was then analyzed in details. The most important items in the plan include three types of desert vegetation (such as dwarf semi-arboreous desert, shrub desert and semi-shrub, and dwarf semi-shrub desert), the ephemeral plant resources and the wild ungulate animals like Equus przewalskii as representative. Thirdly, the feasibility of biodiversity conservation was also analyzed based on the distribution of key areas for further development of energy and mineral resources, the current status of nature reserves and the international experience of national preserves. Finally, the schematic planning of the national desert park, legislation, demarcation of the ecological red-line zone, management system, and the cooperation management of different departments were generally discussed for the establishment of Dzungaria National Desert Park.

No related articles found!
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] An-Long ZOU xiuping li xiaofeng ni. Responses of tree growth to nitrogen addition in Quercus wutaishanica forests in Mt. Dongling, Beijing[J]. , 0, (): 0 .
[2] Duan Guang-ming Guo Ya-qiong. The Role of Kinetin in Antisenescence and Preservation for Fruits of Green Pepper[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1995, 12(专辑3): 116 -119 .
[3] Bernhard Schmid, Andy Hector, Prasenjit Saha, Michel Loreau. Biodiversity effects and transgressive overyielding[J]. J Plant Ecol, 2008, 1(2): 95 -102 .
[4] JIA Xiao-Hong, LI Xin-Rong, LI Yuan-Shou. SOIL ORGANIC CARBON AND NITROGEN DYNAMICS DURING THE RE-VEGETATION PROCESS IN THE ARID DESERT REGION[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2007, 31(1): 66 -74 .
[5] He Ping. Investigation of Pest Species and the Control of the Main Insect Pests in the Exhibition Green House of Beijing Botanical Garden[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1996, 13(02): 44 -47 .
[6] Guan Xiu-qing, Du Qian-you, Wang Ji-wei. Determination of the Seasonal Changes of the Biological Nitrogen-Fixation Activity of Different Plants in the Xilingoule Grassland Inner Mongolia[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 1989, 13(4): 387 -391 .
[7] XIANG Wei, HAN Quan-Bin, LI Sheng-Hong, NA Zhi, SUN Han-Dong. ent-Kaurene Diterpenoids from Isodon adenanthus[J]. J Integr Plant Biol, 2003, 45(11): 1383 -1386 .
[8] HE Kai-Jia, QIN De-Hai. Strobilanthes pseudocollina K. J. He & D. H. Qin, a new species of the Acanthaceae from Guangxi, China[J]. J Syst Evol, 2007, 45(5): 701 -704 .
[9] . Ficus—a keystone plant species in the tropical rain forest ecosystem of south Yunnan[J]. Biodiv Sci, 1994, 02(1): 21 -23 .
[10] Huang Yao Li Chao-luan Ma Cheng Wu Nai-hu. Chloroplast DNA and Its Application to Plant Systematic Studies[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1994, 11(02): 11 -25 .