Biodiversity Science ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (9): 1012-1015.doi: 10.17520/biods.2019204

• Bioinventories • Previous Article     Next Article

Preliminary surveys of mammals and birds by infrared camera traps in the Sichuan Baishuihe National Nature Reserve

Weihe Yang1, Yuelong Chen2, Yue Deng3, Xingzhe Wang2, Lijun Chen1, Daming Hu3, Xiuhai Luo3, Dazhao Song2, Zhishu Xiao1, *()   

  1. 1 State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents in Agriculture, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    2 Chinese Felid Conservation Alliance, Chongqing 400020
    3 Administration of Sichuan Baishuihe National Nature Reserve, Pengzhou, Sichuan 611930
  • Received:2019-06-26 Accepted:2019-09-18 Online:2019-09-25
  • Zhishu Xiao

From May 2017 to May 2018, we used camera traps to investigate the ground-dwelling bird and mammal species in the Sichuan Baishuihe National Nature Reserve, China. From footage of over 3,832 camera trap days from 24 camera trap stations, we identified 535 independent wildlife images, including 17 mammal species belonging to 10 families and 4 orders and 10 bird species belonging to 4 families and 2 orders. Five of these species are listed as Class I Nationally Protected Wildlife, and 8 species are listed as Class II. Hystrix hodgsoni, Turdus mupinensis and Trochalopteron affine were newly recorded in the nature reserve, and Ailuropoda melanoleuca was first recorded after the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake. For mammals, the number of independent images of Paguma larvata, Martes flavigula and Naemorhedus griseus accounted for 50.2%, and for birds, that of Ithaginis cruentus and Tragopan temminckii accounted for 91.6%. Our study provides important baseline information for the management and conservation of wildlife in the Baishuihe National Nature Reserve.

Key words: Baishuihe, infrared camera, relative abundance index

Fig. 1

Functional regions and camera traps distribution in Sichuan Baishuihe National Nature Reserve"

1 Cutler TL, Swann DE ( 1999) Using remote photography in wildlife ecology: A review. Wildlife Society Bulletin (1973- 2006), 27, 571-581.
2 Dudley N ( 2013) Guidelines for Applying Protected Area Management Categories.IUCN Publications Services, Gland, Switzerland.
3 Jiang ZG, Liu SY, Wu Y, Jiang XL, Zhou KY ( 2017) China’s mammal diversity (2nd edition). Biodiversity Science, 25, 886-895. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 蒋志刚, 刘少英, 吴毅, 蒋学龙, 周开亚 ( 2017) 中国哺乳动物多样性(第2版). 生物多样性, 25, 886-895.]
4 Karanth KU ( 1995) Estimating tiger Panthera tigris populations from camera-trap data using capture-recapture models. Biological Conservation, 71, 333-338.
5 O’Brien TG, Kinnaird MF, Wibisono HT ( 2003) Crouching tigers, hidden prey: Sumatran tiger and prey populations in a tropical forest landscape. Animal Conservation, 6, 131-139.
6 Song DZ, Wang BP, Jiang JY, Wan SP, Cui SM, Wang TM, Feng LM ( 2014) Using camera trap to monitor a North Chinese leopard (Panthera pardus japonesis) population and their main ungulate prey. Biodiversity Science, 22, 733-736. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 宋大昭, 王卜平, 蒋进原, 万绍平, 崔士明, 王天明, 冯利民 ( 2014) 山西晋中庆城林场华北豹及其主要猎物种群的红外相机监测. 生物多样性, 22, 733-736.]
7 Sun JX, Li JQ, Wan YQ, Li S, Guan TP, Wang J, Xia WC, Xu HG ( 2018) Study on the activity rhythms of nine ungulates in summer and autumn in Sichuan. Journal of Ecology and Rural Environment, 34, 1003-1009. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 孙佳欣, 李佳琦, 万雅琼, 李晟, 官天培, 王杰, 夏万才, 徐海根 ( 2018) 四川9种有蹄类动物夏秋季活动节律研究. 生态与农村环境学报, 34, 1003-1009.]
8 Wang DJ, Li S, McShea WJ, Li MF ( 2006) Use of remote-trip cameras for wildlife surveys and evaluating the effectiveness of conservation activities at a nature reserve in Sichuan Province, China. Environmental Management, 38, 942-951.
9 Xiao ZS, Hu L, Wang X, Shang T, Zhu DH, Zhao ZL, Huang XQ ( 2014 a) Wildlife diversity after Wenchuan Earthquake: A case from Guangguangshan Valley of Longxi-Hongkou National Nature Reserve, Southwest China. Biodiversity Science, 22, 794-797. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 肖治术, 胡力, 王翔, 尚涛, 朱大海, 赵志龙, 黄小群 ( 2014 a) 汶川地震后鸟兽资源现状: 以都江堰光光山峡谷区为例. 生物多样性, 22, 794-797.]
10 Xiao ZS, Li XH, Jiang GS ( 2014 b) Applications of camera trapping to wildlife surveys in China. Biodiversity Science, 22, 683-684. (in Chinese)
[ 肖治术, 李欣海, 姜广顺 ( 2014 b) 红外相机技术在我国野生动物监测研究中的应用. 生物多样性, 22, 683-684.]
11 Xiao ZS, Wang XZ, Huang XQ ( 2014 c) Mammal and bird diversity in Qingchengshan Forest Park, Southwest China: Data from camera traps. Biodiversity Science, 22, 788-793. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 肖治术, 王学志, 黄小群 ( 2014 c) 青城山森林公园兽类和鸟类资源初步调查: 基于红外相机数据. 生物多样性, 22, 788-793.]
12 Yang XF, Yan C, Zhao QJ, Holyoak M, Fortuna MA, Bascompte J, Jansen PA, Zhang ZB ( 2018) Ecological succession drives the structural change of seed-rodent interaction networks in fragmented forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 419/420, 42-50.
13 Zhang Q, Lan SJ, Hu DM, Yu XX, Gu HJ, Chen X, Song ZQ, Zhang X ( 2008) Activities of Tibetan macaque in Baishuihe National Nature Reserve, Sichuan Province. Sichuan Journal of Zoology, 27, 131-134. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 张强, 兰盛军, 胡大明, 余晓霞, 顾海军, 陈旭, 宋志强, 张轩 ( 2008) 四川白水河国家级自然保护区野外藏酋猴活动初步调查. 四川动物, 27, 131-134.]
14 Zhao Y, Luo XH, Deng Y, Chen X, Lin Q, Ran XX, Xu J ( 2018) Macrofungi resources in Baishuihe National Nature Reserve, Sichuan Province. Journal of Sichuan Forestry Science and Technology, 39(1), 37-43. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 赵宇, 罗秀海, 邓玥, 陈旭, 林强, 冉晓潇, 徐嘉 ( 2018) 四川白水河国家级自然保护区大型真菌资源. 四川林业科技, 39(1), 37-43.]
15 Zheng GM ( 2017) A Checklist on the Classification and Distribution of the Birds of China, 3rd edn. Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[ 郑光美 ( 2017) 中国鸟类分类与分布名录(第三版). 科学出版社, 北京.]
[1] Mu Jun, Wang Jiaojiao, Zhang Lei, Li Yunbo, Li Zhumei, Su Haijun. (2019) Field monitoring using infrared cameras and activity rhythm analysis on mammals and birds in Xishui National Nature Reserve, Guizhou, China . Biodiv Sci, 27(6): 683-688.
[2] Chen Lijun,Xiao Wenhong,Xiao Zhishu. (2019) Limitations of relative abundance indices calculated from camera-trapping data . Biodiv Sci, 27(3): 243-248.
[3] Chen Lijun,Shu Zufei,Xiao Zhishu. (2019) Application of camera-trapping data to study daily activity patterns of Galliformes in Guangdong Chebaling National Nature Reserve . Biodiv Sci, 27(3): 266-272.
[4] Cheng Tian,Junqing Li,Xuyu Yang,Lin Yu,Dan Yuan,Yunxi Li. (2018) Preliminary surveys of wild animals using infrared camera in Wanglang National Nature Reserve, Sichuan Province . Biodiv Sci, 26(6): 620-626.
[5] Kaimiao Lin, Jianguo Xu, Wenzhou Li, Yaqiong Huang, Bin Chen, Jinhui Guo. (2018) Camera-trapping survey of wild mammals and birds in Daiyunshan, Fujian Province . Biodiv Sci, 26(12): 1332-1337.
[6] Binqiang Li, Pengying Li, Jiawei Yang, Hongjun Zi, Xingquan Li, Xihuan Duan, Xu Luo. (2018) Wildlife monitoring in Weishan Qinghua Green Peafowl Nature Reserve using infrared cameras, Yunnan Province . Biodiv Sci, 26(12): 1343-1347.
[7] Zhuo Tang,Jian Yang,Xuehua Liu,Pengyan Wang,Zhouyuan Li. (2017) Research on snow leopards (Panthera uncia) using camera-trapping in Wolong National Nature Reserve, China . Biodiv Sci, 25(1): 62-70.
[8] Feng Li,Zhigang Jiang. (2014) Is nocturnal rhythm of Asian badger (Meles leucurus) caused by human activity? A case study in the eastern area of Qinghai Lake . Biodiv Sci, 22(6): 758-763.
[9] Zhilin Li,Aili Kang,Jianmin Lang,Yangang Xue,Yi Ren,Zhiwen Zhu,Jianzhang Ma,Peiqi Liu,Guangshun Jiang. (2014) On the assessment of big cats and their prey populations based on camera trap data . Biodiv Sci, 22(6): 725-732.
[10] Xiaodong Jia,Xuehua Liu,Xingzhong Yang,Pengfeng Wu,Melissa Songer,Qiong Cai,Xiangbo He,Yun Zhu. (2014) Seasonal activity patterns of ungulates in Qinling Mountains based on camera-trap data . Biodiv Sci, 22(6): 737-745.
Full text