Biodiversity Science ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (1): 20-25.doi: 10.17520/biods.2019174

• Editorial • Previous Article     Next Article

Threatened species list of China’s macrofungi

Yijian Yao1, *, Jiangchun Wei1, *(), Wenying Zhuang1, *(), Tiezheng Wei1, Yi Li2, Xinli Wei1, Hong Deng1, Dongmei Liu3, Lei Cai4, Junsheng Li3, Ke Wang1, 5, Haijun Wu1, Binbin Li1, Yonghui Wang1, 2, Xiaodan Wei1, Hongmei Wu1, Mingjun Zhao1, Liu Yang1, Jinhe Su6, Xi Zhong7   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    2. School of Food Science and Engineering, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu 225127
    3. State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Regional Eco-Process and Function Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012
    4. Department of Nature and Ecology Conservation, Ministry of Ecology and Environment, Beijing 100035
    5. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
    6. Jimei University, Xiamen, Fujian 361021
    7. Institute of Computing Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190
  • Received:2019-05-24 Accepted:2019-09-03 Online:2019-10-16
  • Yijian Yao,Jiangchun Wei,Wenying Zhuang E-mail:weijc2004@126.com;zhuangwy@im.ac.cn

"

种名及分类归属 Species and classifications 等级 Categories 评估依据 Assessment criteria
1 大型子囊菌 Ascomycetes
(1)地舌菌科 Geoglossaceae
粘地舌菌 Glutinoglossum glutinosum (Pers.) Hustad, A. N. Mill., Dentinger & P. F. Cannon VU B1ab(i, iii, iv)+2ab(ii, iii, iv)
细小地舌菌 Geoglossum pusillum F. L. Tai * CR B1ab(iii)
景洪毛舌菌 Trichoglossum cheliense F. L. Tai * CR B1ab(i, iii)+2ab(ii, iii)
紊乱毛舌菌 Trichoglossum confusum E. J. Durand EN B1ab(i, iii)+2ab(ii, iii)
昆明毛舌菌 Trichoglossum kunmingense F. L. Tai * CR B1ab(i, iii)+2ab(ii, iii)
珀松毛舌菌 Trichoglossum persoonii F. L. Tai * CR B1ab(i, iii)+2ab(ii, iii)
罕见毛舌菌 Trichoglossum rasum Pat. EN B1ab(i, iii)+2ab(ii, iii)
中国毛舌菌 Trichoglossum sinicum F. L. Tai * CR B1ab(i, iii)+2ab(ii, iii)
云南毛舌菌 Trichoglossum yunnanense F. L. Tai * CR B1ab(i, iii)+2ab(ii, iii)
(2)未定科 Incertae sedis
云南假地舌菌 Hemiglossum yunnanense Pat. * PE
(3)羊肚菌科 Morchellaceae
西藏羊肚菌 Morchella tibetica M. Zang * VU A2acd+3cd
(4)线虫草科 Ophiocordycipitaceae
老君山线虫草 Ophiocordyceps laojunshanensis J. Y. Chen, Y. Q. Cao & D. R. Yang * VU A2acd+3cd
冬虫夏草 Ophiocordyceps sinensis (Berk.) G. H. Sung, J. M. Sung, Hywel-Jones
& Spatafora
VU A2acd+3cd
广东虫草 Tolypocladium guangdongensis (T. H. Li, Q. Y. Lin & B. Song) V. Papp * VU A2ad+3cd
(5)火丝菌科 Pyronemataceae
美洲粉盘菌 Aleurina americana W. Y. Zhuang & Korf VU B1ac(iii, iv)
(6)核盘菌科 Sclerotiniaceae
桦杯盘菌 Ciboria betulae (Woronin) W. L. White VU B1ab(iii)
古巴散胞盘菌 Encoelia cubensis (Berk. & M. A. Curtis) Iturr., Samuels & Korf VU B1ab(i, iii, iv)+2ab(ii, iii, iv)
(7)竹黄科 Shiraiaceae
竹黄 Shiraia bambusicola Henn. VU A3cd
(8)块菌科 Tuberaceae
巨孢奇块菌 Paradoxa gigantospora (Y. Wang & Z. P. Li) Y. Wang * EN B1ab(i, iii)
会东块菌 Tuber huidongense Y. Wang * VU A2acd+3cd; B1ab(i, iii)
印度块菌 Tuber indicum Cooke & Massee VU A2acd+3cd; B1ab(i, iii)
攀枝花块菌 Tuber panzhihuanense X. J. Deng & Y. Wang * VU A2acd+3cd; B1ab(i, iii)
中华夏块菌 Tuber sinoaestivum J. P. Zhang & P. G. Liu * VU A2acd+3cd; B1ab(i, iii)
(9)炭角菌科 Xylariaceae
中华肉球菌 Engleromyces sinensis M. A. Whalley, Khalil, T. Z. Wei, Y. J. Yao & Whalley * VU A3cd
2 大型担子菌 Basidiomycetes
(1)蘑菇科 Agaricaceae
云南蘑菇 Agaricus yunnanensis W. F. Chiu * EN B2ab(iii)
景洪黑蛋巢菌 Cyathus cheliensis F. L. Tai & C. S. Hung * EN B2ab(iii)
紊乱黑蛋巢菌 Cyathus confusus F. L. Tai & C. S. Hung * EN B2ab(iii)
五台山黑蛋巢菌 Cyathus wutaishanensis B. Liu, Shangguan & P. G. Yuan * EN B2ab(iii)
中国白环蘑 Leucoagaricus sinicus (J. Z. Ying) Z. L. Yang * VU B1ab(i)
变孢柄灰包 Tulostoma variisporum B. Liu, Z. Y. Li & Du EN B1ab(i, iii, iv)+2ab(i, iii, iv)
榆林柄灰包 Tulostoma yulinense B. Liu, Z. Y. Li & Du * VU B1ab(i, iii, iv)+2ab(i, iii, iv)
(2)鹅膏科 Amanitaceae
绒托鹅膏 Amanita tomentosivolva Z. L. Yang * VU D2
(3)牛肝菌科 Boletaceae
橙香牛肝菌 Boletus citrifragrans W. F. Chiu & M. Zang VU A3cd
小橙黄牛肝菌 Boletus miniatoaurantiacus C. S. Bi & Loh VU A3cd
(4)丽口包科 Calostomataceae
彭氏丽口包 Calostoma pengii B. Liu & Y. H. Liu * EN B2ab(iii)
变孢丽口包 Calostoma variispora B. Liu, Z. Y. Li & Du * VU B2ab(iii)
云南丽口包 Calostoma yunnanense L. J. Li & B. Liu * VU B2ab(iii)
(5)鸡油菌科 Cantharellaceae
云南鸡油菌 Cantharellus yunnanensis W. F. Chiu * VU A3cd
(6)丝膜菌科 Cortinariaceae
疏褶暗金钱菌 Phaeocollybia sparsilamellae P. G. Liu * EN B2ab(iii)
云南多舌菌 Pyrrhoglossum yunnanense P. G. Liu * VU A3cd
(7)花耳科 Dacrymycetaceae
湖南胶角耳 Calocera hunanensis B. Liu & K. Tao * EN B2ab(iii)
莽山胶角耳 Calocera mangshanensis B. Liu & L. Fan * VU B2ab(iii)
羊肚菌状胶角耳 Calocera morchelloides B. Liu & L. Fan * EN B2ab(iii)
(8)粉褶蕈科 Entolomataceae
近杯伞状粉褶蕈 Entoloma subclitocyboides W. M. Zhang * VU B2ab(iii)
(9)钉菇科 Gomphaceae
承德高腹菌 Gautieria chengdensis J. Z. Ying * VU B2ab(iii)
短孢枝瑚菌 Ramaria nanispora R. H. Petersen & M. Zang * VU A3cd
拟粉红枝瑚菌 Ramaria neoformosa R. H. Petersen VU A3cd
朱细枝瑚菌 Ramaria rubriattenuipes R. H. Petersen & M. Zang * VU A3cd
红肉丛枝瑚菌 Ramaria rubricarnata Marr & D. E. Stuntz VU B2ab(iii)
(10)猴头菌科 Hericiaceae
小孢软齿菌 Dentipellis microspora Y. C. Dai * VU B2ab(iii)
猴头菇 Hericium erinaceus (Bull.) Pers. VU A3cd
(11)刺革菌科 Hymenochaetaceae
斜生纤孔菌 Inonotus obliquus (Fr.) Pilát EN B2ab(ii)
(12)未定科 Incertae sedis
蒙古白丽蘑 Leucocalocybe mongolica (S. Imai) X. D. Yu & Y. J. Yao VU C1
牛樟芝 Taiwanofungus camphoratus (M. Zang & C. H. Su) S. H. Wu, Z. H. Yu,
Y. C. Dai & C. H. Su *
EN B2ab(iii)
(13)丝盖伞科 Inocybaceae
新囊靴耳 Crepidotus neocystidiosus P. G. Liu * EN B2ab(iii)
(14)离褶伞科 Lyophyllaceae
斑玉蕈 Hypsizygus marmoreus (Peck) H. E. Bigelow VU B2ab(iii)
端圆蚁巢伞 Termitomyces tylerianus Otieno VU A3cd
(15)小皮伞科 Marasmiaceae
麦黄钟伞 Campanella straminea P. G. Liu * EN B2ab(iii)
(16)白耳科 Naemateliaceae
金耳 Naematelia aurantialba (Bandoni & M. Zang) Millanes & Wedin * VU A3cd
(17)桩菇科 Paxillaceae
阳城光黑腹菌 Alpova yangchengensis B. Liu, K. Tao & M. C. Chang * VU A3cd
(18)鬼笔科 Phallaceae
海南笼头菌 Clathrus hainanensis X. L. Wu * EN B2ab(iii)
(19)原毛平革菌科 Phanerochaetaceae
小孔小薄孔菌 Antrodiella micra Y. C. Dai * VU B1ab(i, iii, iv)+2ab(i, iii, iv)
(20)光柄菇科 Pluteaceae
冬小包脚菇 Volvariella brumalis S. C. He * VU A3cd
(21)红菇科 Russulaceae
长白乳菇 Lactarius changbaiensis Y. Wang & Z. X. Xie * VU B2ab(iii)
迷你乳菇 Lactarius minimus W. G. Sm. EN B2ab(iii)
(22)裂孔菌科 Schizoporaceae
粉软卧孔菌 Poriodontia subvinosa Parmasto VU B2ab(iii)
(23)革菌科 Thelephoraceae
干巴菌 Thelephora ganbajun M. Zang * VU A3cd
(24)口蘑科 Tricholomataceae
松口蘑 Tricholoma matsutake (S. Ito & S. Imai) Singer VU B2ab(ii)
青盖拟口蘑 Tricholomopsis lividipileata P. G. Liu * VU B2ab(iii)
3 地衣 Lichens
(1)粉衣科 Caliciaceae
顶杯衣 Acroscyphus sphaerophoroides Lév. EN B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii)
(2)石蕊科 Cladoniaceae
戴氏石蕊 Cladonia delavayi Abbayes VU B2ab(ii); D2
拟雀石蕊 Cladonia pseudoevansii Asahina CR B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii)
圆盘衣 Gymnoderma coccocarpum Nyl. EN B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii)
岛圆盘衣 Gymnoderma insulare Yoshim. & Sharp EN B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii)
(3)霜降衣科 Icmadophilaceae
卧白角衣 Siphula decumbens Nyl. VU B2ab(ii); D2
(4)茶渍科 Lecanoraceae
华脐鳞 Rhizoplaca huashanensis J. C. Wei * CR A4ac; B1ab(ii, iii)+2ab(ii, iii); D2
(5)梅衣科 Parmeliaceae
裂芽厚枝衣 Allocetraria isidiigera Kurok. & M. J. Lai * VU B1ab(i)
广开小孢发 Bryoria divergescens (Nyl.) Brodo & D. Hawksw. VU B2ab(ii); D2
藏岛衣 Cetraria xizangensis J. C. Wei & Y. M. Jiang * VU B2ab(i)
日光山袋衣 Hypogymnia nikkoensis (Zahlbr.) Rass. VU B2ab(ii); D2
台湾高山袋衣 Hypogymnia taiwanalpina M. J. Lai * EN B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii)
金丝绣球 Lethariella cashmeriana Krog VU A3d; B2ab(ii, iv); D2
金丝刷 Lethariella cladonioides (Nyl.) Krog VU A3d; B2ab(ii, iv); D2
曲金丝 Lethariella flexuosa (Nyl.) J. C. Wei VU B2ab(ii); D2
中华金丝 Lethariella sinensis J. C. Wei & Y. M. Jiang * VU B2ab(ii); D2
金丝带 Lethariella zahlbruckneri (Du Rietz) Krog VU A4ac; B2ab(ii); D2
密裂大叶梅 Parmotrema myriolobulatum (J. D. Zhao) J. C. Wei CR A4ac; B1ab(ii)+2ab(ii); D2
绿丝槽枝 Sulcaria virens (Gyeln.) Bystrek ex Brodo & D. Hawksw. VU B2ab(ii); D2
(6)蜈蚣衣科 Physciaceae
湖北蜈蚣衣 Physcia hupehensis J. D. Zhao, L. W. Hsu & Z. M. Sun * VU B2ab(ii); D2
亚灰大孢衣 Physconia perisidiosa (Erichsen) Moberg VU
(7)鳞网衣科 Psoraceae
朝比氏鳞网衣 Psora asahinae Zahlbr. ex J. C. Wei * VU B2ab(ii); D2
(8)地图衣科 Rhizocarpaceae
甘肃地图衣 Rhizocarpon kansuense H. Magn. VU B2ab(ii); D2
(9)石耳科 Umbilicariaceae
阿尔泰石耳 Umbilicaria altaiensis J. C. Wei & Y. M. Jiang * EN A4ac; B1ab(ii)+2ab(ii); D2
庐山石耳 Umbilicaria esculenta (Miyoshi) Minks VU A4ad; B2ab(iv); D2
周裂石耳 Umbilicaria loboperipherica J. C. Wei, Y. M. Jiang & S. Y. Guo * VU B2ab(ii)
皮芽石耳 Umbilicaria squamosa J. C. Wei & Y. M. Jiang * EN B1ab(ii)+2ab(ii); D2
太白石耳 Umbilicaria taibaiensis J. C. Wei & Y. M. Jiang * EN B1ab(i, ii)+2ab(i, ii); D2
[1] Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the People’s Republic of China, Chinese Academy of Sciences (2018a) Assessment Report of the Red List of China’s Biodiversity— Macrofungi (in Chinese)
[ 中华人民共和国生态环境部, 中国科学院 (2018a) 《中国生物多样性红色名录——大型真菌卷》评估报告]. . (accessed on 2018-05-22
[2] Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the People’s Republic of China, Chinese Academy of Sciences( 2018b) Red List of China’s Biodiversity—Macrofungi. (in Chinese)
[ 中华人民共和国生态环境部, 中国科学院 (2018b) 中国生物多样性红色名录——大型真菌卷]. . (accessed on 2018-05-22
[3] Wang K, Liu DM, Cai L, Wu HJ, Li Y, Wei TZ, Wang YH, Wu HM, Wei XD, Li BB, Li JS, Yao YJ ( 2020) Methods and procedures of the red list assessment of macrofungi in China. Biodiversity Science, 28, 11-19. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 王科, 刘冬梅, 蔡蕾, 吴海军, 李熠, 魏铁铮, 王永会, 吴红梅, 卫晓丹, 李斌斌, 李俊生, 姚一建 ( 2020) 中国大型真菌红色名录评估方法和程序. 生物多样性, 28, 11-19.]
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