Biodiversity Science ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (10): 1060-1073.doi: 10.17520/biods.2018082

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Recent progress and future directions of soil nematode ecology in China

Xiaoke Zhang, Wenju Liang, Qi Li*()   

  1. Key Laboratory of Forest Ecology and Management, Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016
  • Received:2018-03-20 Accepted:2018-05-17 Online:2019-01-06
  • Li Qi
  • About author:# Co-first authors

Investigations into soil nematode ecology mainly focus on the relationship between soil nematode communities and their surrounding environment, both biotic and abiotic. This paper reviews a recent string of publications on soil nematode ecology by scholars in China. Research progress has been made on the distribution, composition, ecological function, diversity and drivers of soil nematode communities, as well as on their relationship with global climate change. Developments in new analysis methods for soil nematode ecology are also reviewed here. The developments in soil nematode ecology in domestic and international studies are compared and analyzed, and then the importance of nationwide monitor network construction is put forward. Future research directions of soil nematode ecology in China are also presented. In conclusion, more studies are needed on soil nematode ecology at a small scale within soil micro-food webs and at a large scale under global climate change, and new related technology and methods should continue to be developed.

Key words: soil nematode diversity, bioindication, global climate change, nematode ecological function

Fig. 1

The number of publications (2001-2017) (a) and citation number (2002-2018) (b) on soil nematode communities (Searched from Web of Science). It was searched in October 2018. The key words we searched were soil nematode communities and China."

Table 1

Soil nematode diversity in different ecosystems of China"

Genus number
Diversity (H°)
Trophic diversity
Agricultural field
施肥 Fertilization 23-48 1.86-3.07 2.67-4.17 2.10-3.80 Hu & Cao (2008);
Liang et al (2005, 2009);
Jiang et al (2013)
耕作 Tillage 19-29 1.84-2.23 2.57-3.74 0.60-3.44 Hou et al (2010);
Zhang XK et al (2012)
生物炭 Biochar 23-36 2.20-2.52 3.21-3.95 1.86-3.79 Zhang XK et al (2013)
森林 Forest 林型 Forest type 29-62 2.02-2.63 2.26-3.12 1.77-3.46 Zhang M et al (2012)
林龄 Forest age 16-60 0.74-2.29 0.91-6.02 1.60-3.96 Zhang XK et al (2015)
植被类型 Vegetation type 28-42 2.50-3.30 2.00-16.00 - Xiao et al (2014);
Shao et al (2016)
草地 Grassland 恢复措施 Restoration practices 30-40 0.70-1.03 - 5.45-7.47 Wu DH et al (2008)
Degradation and grazing
20-45 2.20-2.72 4.00-4.50 2.80-3.30 Liang et al (2007);
Li et al (2013)
湿地 Wetland 开垦改良 Reclamation 11-47 0.18-2.46 4-15 1.10-4.86 Wu et al (2002, 2005)
外来植物入侵 Invasive plant 23-27 0.01-2.00 - - Chen et al (2007)
沙地 Sandland 流动沙丘 Active sand dune 3-26 0.14-2.15 0.48-3.03 0.91-3.21 Zhang et al (2010)
固定沙丘 Stable sand dune 12-46 1.18-2.53 1.55-3.41 1.12-4.23 Guan et al (2015);
Zhang et al (2010)
Artificial plantation
10-16 - - 1.25-2.86 Su et al (2012)
Biological soil crust
20-28 0.80-1.80 - - Liu et al (2011)

Table 2

Effect of climate changes on soil nematode diversity in different ecosystems of China"

Genus number
Diversity (H°)
Trophic diversity
CO2浓度升高 Elevated CO2 27-44 1.54-2.35 - - Li et al (2005, 2007)
增温 Elevated temperature 29-36 - - - Dong et al (2013)
氮磷添加 N and P addition 78 1.97-2.59 2.81-3.98 - Zhao et al (2014)
氮添加 N addition 27-43 1.65-2.84 - 1.91-3.60 Sun et al (2013)
氮富集 N enrichment - - 13.00-19.00 - Chen et al (2013, 2015)
N addition and elevated temperature
- - 3.80-4.50 2.70-3.20 Li et al (2013)
氮和水添加 N and water addition 18 2.41-2.62 - - Ruan et al (2012)
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