Biodiversity Science ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (1): 79-88.doi: 10.17520/biods.2017328

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Research on the plant collection of Kuan-Kuang Tsoong, the forerunner of Chinese plant collections

Shiyong Meng1, *(), Huiyuan Liu2, 3, Mengting Yu4, Quanru Liu3, Jinshuang Ma5, *()   

  1. 1 School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871
    2 Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
    3 College of Life Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875
    4 Department of Philosophy, Peking University, Beijing 100871
    5 Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden; Shanghai Chenshan Plant Science Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201602
  • Received:2017-12-10 Accepted:2018-01-18 Online:2018-05-05
  • Meng Shiyong,Ma Jinshuang E-mail:msy542702@pku.edu.cn;jinshuangma@gmail.com
  • About author:

    # Co-first authors

Through literature and specimen research, we studied the collection history of Kuan-Kuang Tsoong, the forerunner of Chinese plant collections. Results showed that Kuan-Kuang Tsoong was the first scholar who conducted large-scale plant specimen collections in China and confirmed that the earliest specimen collected by Kuan-Kuang Tsoong was collected in 1912 (from Beijing) and the last specimens were collected in 1933 (from Zhejiang). Currently, 10,228 specimens collected by Kuan-Kuang Tsoong have been found, including specimens founds at the Herbarium, Department of Biology, Peking University (PEY, 4,584 sheets), Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences (PE, 2,966) and Herbarium, College of Life Science, Beijing Normal University (BNU, 2,032). These herbaria preserved most specimens (9,582 sheets, accounting for 93.7% of the total). Our study also found that a small number of specimens collected by Kuan-Kuang Tsoong (16) were preserved by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (K), the Edinburgh Botanic Garden (E), and Harvard University Herbaria (A).

Key words: collection, Kuan-Kuang Tsoong, plant specimen, herbarium

Fig. 1

Specimen collected by Kuan-Kuang Tsoong in Zhejiang on May 10 1933 (Herbarium, College of Life Sciences, Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University)"

Fig. 2

Specimen collected by Kuan-Kuang Tsoong in Zhejiang on May 10 1933 (Herbarium, College of Life Sciences, Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University)"

Table 1

Distribution of specimens collected by Kuan-Kuang Tsoong in Herbarium around the world"

标本馆
Herbarium
标本数目
Number of specimens
哈佛大学植物标本馆 Harvard Museum of Natural History (A) 7
北京师范大学生命科学学院植物标本室
Herbarium, College of Life Science, Beijing Normal University (BNU)
2,032
英国自然历史博物馆 The Natural History Museum (BM) 1
爱丁堡植物园标本馆 Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (E) 3
复旦大学生命科学学院植物标本室 Herbarium, School of Life Sciences, Fudan University (FUS) 14
河北师范大学生命科学学院植物标本室 Herbarium, College of Life Science, Hebei Normal University (HBNU) 17
中国科学院华南植物园标本馆
Herbarium, South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IBSC)
200
英国皇家植物园邱园植物标本馆 Royal Botanic Gardens (Kew) (K) 3
中国科学院昆明植物研究所标本馆 Herbarium, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences (KUN) 9
南京大学生命科学学院植物标本室 Herbarium, School of Life Sciences, Nanjing University (N) 9
江苏省中国科学院植物研究所标本馆 Herbarium, Institute of Botany, Jiangsu Province and Chinese Academy of Sciences (NAS) 22
南开大学生命科学学院植物标本室 Herbarium, College of Life Science, Nankai University (NKU) 6
中国科学院植物研究所植物标本馆 Herbarium, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences (PE) 2,966
北京大学生物系植物标本室Herbarium, Department of Biology, Peking University (PEY) 4,584
中山大学生命科学学院植物标本室 Herbarium, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University (SYS) 177
四川大学生物系植物标本室 Herbarium, College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University (SZ) 26
美国国家标本馆 United States National Herbarium, Smithsonian Institution (US) 2
西北农林科技大学生命科学学院植物标本馆 Herbarium, College of Life Sciences, Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University (WUK) 149
浙江自然博物馆植物标本室 Herbarium, Zhejiang Museum of Natural History (ZM) 1
总共 Total 10,228

Table 2

Information of specimens collected by Kuan-Kuang Tsoong before 1917"

年份Year 份数No. 采集地点(份数) Location (no.) 现存储地点Herbarium
1912 7 北京(3), 广东(3), 浙江(1) Beijing (3), Guangdong (3), Zhejiang (1) 北京大学生物系植物标本室(7) PEY (7)
1913 4 北京(2), 浙江(1), 安徽(1) Beijing (2), Zhejiang (1), Anhui (1) 北京大学生物系植物标本室(4) PEY (4)
1916 10 湖南(6), 浙江(4) Hunan (6), Zhejiang (4) 北京大学生物系植物标本室(8), 中国科学院
植物研究所标本馆(2) PEY (8), PE (2)
1917 7 浙江(5), 广东(2), 河南(1) Zhejiang (5), Guangdong (2), Henan (1) 北京大学生物系植物标本室(6), 中国科学院
华南植物园标本馆(1) PEY (6), IBSC (1)

Fig. 3

Footprints of K. K. Tsoong from 1918 to 1921"

Fig. 4

Specimen collected by Shanghai Scientific Instruments Company (Herbarium, Northwestern Institute of Botany)"

Fig. 5

Specimen collected by I-Jin Wang (June 18 1904, Herbarium, The Second Military Medical University)"

Fig. 6

Specimen collected by students of Imperial University of Peking (June 25 1905, Herbarium, Department of Biology, Peking University)"

Fig.7

Specimen collected by K. K. Tsoong in Guangdong at August 24 1918 (Herbarium, Department of Biology, Peking University)"

Table 3

Checklist of plants in memory of Kuan-Kuang Tsoong"

序号
Serial number
物种
Species
所属科
Family
原始文献
Original literature
1 灵山醉魂藤 Heterostemma tsoongii Tsiang 萝藦科
Asclepiadaceae
中山大学农林植物研究所专刊
Sunyatsenia 3: 192. 1936
2 观光秋海棠 Begonia tsoongii C.Y. Wu 秋海棠科
Begoniaceae
植物分类学报
Acta Phytotax. Sin. 33(3): 280 (1995)
3 阔片乌蕨 Odontosoria tsoongii Ching
[=Odontosoria biflora (Kaulfuss) C. Christensen]
鳞始蕨科
Lindsaeaceae
静生生物调查所汇报
Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. 1: 149. 1930
4 观光鳞毛蕨 Dryopteris tsoongii Ching 鳞毛蕨科
Dryopteridaceae
中研院植物学汇报
Bot. Res. Academia Sinica 2: 14. 1987
5 假紫珠(钟君木) Tsoongia axillariflora Merr. 马鞭草科
Verbenaceae
菲律宾科学杂志
Philipp. J. Sci. 23: 264. 1923
6 鸡嘴簕 Caesalpinia tsoongii Merr. [=Caesalpinia
sinensis
(Hemsley) J. E. Vidal]
豆科
Leguminosae
菲律宾科学杂志
Philipp. J. Sci. 27: 162. 1925
7 宽叶韭(已合并) Allium tsoongii F. T. Wang &
Tang [=Allium hookeri Thwaites]
百合科
Liliaceae
静生生物调查所汇报
Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. Bot. 7: 292. 1937
8 观光木 Tsoongiodendron odorum Chun
[=Michelia odora (Chun) Noot. et B. L. Chen]
木兰科
Magnoliaceae
植物分类学报
Acta Phytotax. Sin. 8: 283. 1963
9 狭叶蒲桃 Eugenia tsoongii Merr. 桃金娘科
Myrtaceae
菲律宾科学杂志
Philipp. J. Sci. 21: 504. 1922
10 云南木樨榄 Ligustrum tsoongii Merr. =
[=Olea tsoongii (Merr.) P. S. Green]
木犀科
Oleaceae
菲律宾科学杂志
Philipp. J. Sci. 21: 506. 1922
11 一掌参 Herminium tsoongii Tang & F.T. Wang
[=Peristylus forceps Finet]
兰科
Orchidaceae
北平研究院植物学研究所丛刊
Contr. Inst. Bot. Natl. Acad.
Peiping 2: 134. 1934
12 钟氏柳 Salix tsoongii Cheng [=Salix dunnii var.
tsoongii
(Cheng) C. Y. Yu et S. D. Zhao]
杨柳科
Salicaceae
中国科学社生物研究所丛刊
Contrib. Biol. Lab. Sc. Soc. China,
Bot. Ser. x. 68 (1935)
13 长柄赤车 Polychroa tsoongii Merr.
[=Pellionia latifolia (Blume) Boerl.]
荨麻科
Urticaceae
菲律宾科学杂志
Philipp. J. Sci. 21: 493. 1922
14 长柄赤车 Pellionia tsoongii Merr.
[=Pellionia latifolia (Blume) Boerl.]
荨麻科
Urticaceae
岭南科学杂志
Lingnan Sci. J. 6: 325. 1930 [1928 publ. 1930]
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