Biodiversity Science ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (12): 1339-1349.doi: 10.17520/biods.2017265

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Research progress of phylogeographic studies of plant species in temperate coniferous and broadleaf mixed forests in Northeastern China

Junwei Ye, Yongge Yuan, Li Cai, Xiaojuan Wang*()   

  1. Shanghai Science & Technology Museum, Natural History Research Center for Shanghai Natural History Museum, Shanghai 200127
  • Received:2017-10-12 Accepted:2017-12-04 Online:2017-12-10
  • Wang Xiaojuan E-mail:wangxj@sstm.org.cn

The temperate coniferous and broadleaf mixed forest (TCBMF) in Northeastern China is the contact zone between southern warm-temperate forests and northern cool-temperate forests, and is a key region for studying the influence of Quaternary climate changes on genetic patterns. Vegetation reconstructions have shown the TCBMF has retreated southward to 25°-30° N during the last glacial maximum (LGM). However, phylogeographic studies indicated plants of TCBMF could have survived in one refugium or multiple refugia at 35° N during the LGM. The Mt. Changbai and Korean Peninsula are the two most important refugia for the TCBMF, and other refugia may also exist, of which the northernmost ones would reach the Xiaoxing’an Range and Russian Far East. The interglacial or postglacial expansion from refugia resulted in complicated distribution patterns with respect to genetic diversity. The northward population expansion from one southern refugium does not necessarily cause a significant decrease in inter-population genetic diversity as latitude increases. Inter-population genetic diversity always shows a uniform distribution in plants which have multiple refugia. Although previous studies have shown the influence of the quaternary, especially the LGM, on the evolutionary history of plants in the TCBMF, these studies have concentrated on tree species and mainly focused on one species. Therefore, adaptive evolution of closely-related species or sibling species between Northeast and South China, and the mechanisms driving community assembly are two directions for future studies.

Key words: coniferous and broadleaf mixed forest, Quaternary, refugia, genetic diversity, ecological niche modeling

Fig. 1

Distribution of sampled locations in phylogeographic studies (Table 1) of temperate coniferous and broadleaf mixed forest (blue region) plants in Northeast China"

Fig. 2

Refugia and expansion routes of temperate coniferous and broadleaf mixed forest (blue region) plants in Northeast China. Refugia area size and expansion route line thickness are proportional to the number of related inference in previous studies (Table 1)."

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