Biodiversity Science ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (6): 759-766.doi: 10.17520/biods.2015109

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Phylogeography of Typha laxmannii in the northeast Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and adjacent areas

Zhenjie Ding, Dan Yu, Xinwei Xu*()   

  1. College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430070
  • Received:2015-05-03 Accepted:2015-11-09 Online:2015-12-02
  • Xu Xinwei E-mail:xuxw@whu.edu.cn

Quaternary climatic oscillation had a significant role in the patterns of geographic distribution and genetic structure of plants occurring in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP) and adjacent areas. In this study, we examined the phylogeographical structure of Typha laxmannii in the northeast QTP and adjacent areas based on 15 populations and 148 individuals using sequences of chloroplast rpl32-trnL and nuclear phytochelatin synthase gene. Two chloroplast haplotypes and eight nuclear haplotypes were found. All haplotypes were shared and no private haplotype was fixed in plateau populations. The genetic diversity of the populations in adjacent areas based on chloroplast DNA and nuclear DNA was four and two times greater than that of plateau populations, respectively. Genetic differentiation among plateau populations, which mainly existed between the eastern and western populations, was higher than that among adjacent areas. Our results indicate that the present patterns of genetic diversity and genetic structure of T. laxmannii in the northeast QTP and its adjacent areas were caused by postglacial recolonization from at least two refugia to plateau platform and a resulting founder effect.

Key words: graceful cattail, chloroplast rpl32-trnL intergenic spacer, phytochelatin synthase, phylogeography

Table 1

Geographic and genetic characteristics of 15 Typha laxmannii populations surveyed for chloroplast (cp) DNA and nuclear DNA sequences"

Fig. 1

The distribution of cpDNA haplotypes (A) and nDNA haplotypes (B) for Typha laxmannii populations. The population codes are the same as those in Table 1."

Fig. 2

The network of cpDNA haplotypes (A) and nDNA haplotypes (B) of Typha laxmannii. The haplotype codes are the same as those in Fig. 1."

Table 2

Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) of PS and rpl32-trnL sequences from Typha laxmannii populations"

区域
Regions
变异来源
Source of variation
自由度
Degrees of
freedom
方差
Sum of
squares
变异成分
Variance components
变异比率
Percentage of
variation
叶绿体DNA cpDNA
高原台面
Plateau platform
种群间 Among populations 5 0.876 0.010 0.210
种群内 Within population 78 2.933 0.038 0.790
邻近地区
Adjacent areas
种群间 Among populations 8 3.014 0.025 0.111
种群内 Within population 55 11.095 0.202 0.889
高原台面及其邻近地区
Plateau platform and adjacent areas
地区间 Among groups 1 14.155 0.190 0.602
地区内的种群之间
Among populations within group
13 3.890 0.020 0.064
种群内 Within population 133 14.029 0.105 0.334
核DNA nDNA
高原台面
Plateau platform
种群间 Among populations 6 47.282 0.348 0.402
种群内 Within population 147 76.231 0.519 0.598
邻近地区
Adjacent areas
种群间 Among populations 8 43.106 0.304 0.169
种群内 Within population 109 162.911 1.495 0.831
高原台面及其邻近地区
Plateau platform and adjacent areas
地区间 Among groups 1 24.261 0.122 0.087
地区内的种群之间
Among populations within group
13 89.515 0.338 0.243
种群内 Within population 257 240.015 0.934 0.670

Fig. 3

Mismatch distribution for chloroplast (A) and nuclear (B) sequence data of all individuals of Typha laxmannii"

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