生物多样性 ›› 2002, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (2): 238-242.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2002032

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

生物复杂性研究动态

王莉, 南蓬,张晓艳, 钟扬   

  1. 1 (生物多样性与生态工程教育部重点实验室,复旦大学生物多样性科学研究所,上海 200433)2 (中国科学院华南植物研究所,广州 510065)3 (中国科学院武汉植物研究所,武汉 430074)
  • 收稿日期:2001-07-16 修回日期:2002-03-25 出版日期:2002-05-20 发布日期:2002-05-20

Advances in biocomplexity studies

WANG Li, NAN Peng, ZHANG Xiao-Yan, ZHONG Yang*   

  1. 1 Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Science and Ecological Engineering,and Institute of Biodiversity Science,Fudan University,Shanghai 200433
    2 South China Institute of Botany,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Guangzhou 510065
    3 Wuhan Institute of Botany,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Wuhan 430074
  • Received:2001-07-16 Revised:2002-03-25 Online:2002-05-20 Published:2002-05-20

摘要: 生物复杂性(biocomplexity或biological complexity)是近年来由Rita Colwell等人积极倡导的一个新的学科领域,旨在更好地了解生命系统及其环境组分间的相互作用以及系统复杂性的动态特征与演化机制。目前,生物复杂性的定义与内涵尚不明确,意见纷呈,而有关研究在美国国家科学基金会(NSF)的支持下已迅速开展起来,并即将成为国际合作研究的热点之一。本文简要介绍了有关生物复杂性的不同观点、生物复杂性与生物多样性研究之间的关系,并以若干生态系统和基因组为例,说明了现阶段生物复杂性研究的主要特点。

关键词: 外来种, 水盾草, 分布范围, 共存植物, 水域类型, 入侵途径

Abstract: Biocomplexity, or biological complexity, is a new domain proposed by Rita Colwell and her colleagues for better understanding of the interactions among components of complex life systems and dynamic characteristics and evolutionary mechanism of the systems' complexity. Although the concept and definition of biocomplexity remain controversial, various research projects relevant to this field have been undertaken with funding from US National Science Foundation (NSF), and a new trend in international collaborative efforts to study life on Earth has been formed. In this paper, different opinions on the concept of biocomplexity and the relati   
onship between biodiversity and biocomplexity studies are introduced briefly. Several projects regarding ecosystems and genomes are also presented to illustrate the main characteristics of biocomplexity studies.

Key words: exotic species, Cabomba caroliniana, distribution range, coexistence of plants, fresh water type, invasive route