生物多样性 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (12): 1345-1351.doi: 10.17520/biods.2019246

• 生物编目 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国荔波世界自然遗产地动物模式标本名录

周毅1, 杨天友2, *(), 冉景丞3, *(), 张旭4   

  1. 1 贵州师范大学生命科学学院, 贵阳 550025
    2 铜仁学院非人灵长类保护研究中心, 贵州铜仁 554300
    3 贵州省野生动物和森林植物管理站, 贵阳 550001
    4 贵阳市野生动植物管理站, 贵阳 550003
  • 收稿日期:2019-08-08 接受日期:2019-11-08 出版日期:2019-12-20
  • 通讯作者: 杨天友,冉景丞 E-mail:yangtianyou2006@126.com;rjc68cn@163.com
  • 基金项目:
    铜仁学院学科建设与研究生教育专项(trxkm[2018]12号);贵州省教育厅省级重点学科项目(黔学位合字ZDXK[2013]09号)

A catalogue of animal type specimens from the Libo World Nature Heritage Site, China

Yi Zhou1, Tianyou Yang2, *(), Jingcheng Ran3, *(), Xu Zhang4   

  1. 1 College of Life Sciences, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550025
    2 Primate Conservation Research Institute, Tongren University, Tongren, Guizhou 554300
    3 Wild Animals and Forest Plants Management Station of Guizhou Province, Guiyang 550001
    4 Wild Animals and Plant Management Station of Guiyang, Guiyang 550003
  • Received:2019-08-08 Accepted:2019-11-08 Online:2019-12-20
  • Contact: Yang Tianyou,Ran Jingcheng E-mail:yangtianyou2006@126.com;rjc68cn@163.com

了解荔波世界自然遗产地动物模式标本分类学研究历史, 可为遗产地履行联合国教科文组织世界遗产中心的要求以及生物多样性保护工作提供参考。本文采用内容分析法, 对采自该遗产地并确立为模式种的物种, 收集相关文献并进行整理和分析, 编制了中国荔波世界自然遗产地动物模式标本名录。结果表明: (1)荔波世界自然遗产地动物模式标本共有204种, 隶属于3门6纲22目60科; (2)动物模式标本物种采集最早可追溯到1955年, 最近为2013年, 两者相隔58年, 而采集高峰期为1995-2004年; (3)以国内学者3人合力发表的物种最多(93种, 占总种数的45.59%); (4)模式物种的橱柜时间严重滞后, 从采集到发表滞后最长的达47年; (5)模式标本涉及66位采集人(或团队), 以国内学者居多(63位, 占总人数的95.45%); (6)遗产地动物模式标本被保存于27家国内外研究机构或私人收藏, 国内收藏1,504号标本, 国外收藏7号; (7)遗产地动物模式标本物种发表于169篇文献, 中文文献有155篇, 外文文献有14篇。随着研究的深入, 荔波世界自然遗产地有更多的新种不断被发现, 说明遗产地物种资源丰富, 生物多样性存在被低估的可能性, 暗示遗产地的物种分类研究工作仍需要投入大量的精力。

关键词: 荔波世界自然遗产地, 模式标本, 内容分析法, 新种, 名录

In order to understand the history of specimens, to fulfill requirements of the UNESCO World Heritage Center, and for biodiversity conservation broadly, we cataloged all the animal type specimens from the Libo World Nature Heritage Site. The information of animal type specimens were collected and analyzed, and here, we provide an updated catalogue. The results show that: (1) There are 204 species of animal type specimens at the Libo World Natural Heritage Site, belonging to 3 phyla, 6 classes, 22 orders and 60 families. (2) The collection of animal type specimens can be traced back to 1955, with the most recent additions in 2013, spanning 58 years, while the peak period of collections being 1995-2004. (3) A large number of species (93 species, 45.59%) were published by three scholars. (4) The shelf time (from collection to publication) of type species was severely delayed, with the longest delay at 47 years. (5) Type specimens were catalogued by 66 collectors/teams, and most of them were Chinese scholars (63, 95.45%). (6) These animal type specimens are preserved in 27 Chinese and foreign research institutions or private collections, of which 1,504 were collected from China and 7 from foreign countries. (7) New species from type specimens at the heritage site were published in 169 articles, 155 in Chinese and 14 in foreign languages. With the expansion of research at the Libo World Natural Heritage Site, more and more new species have been found, which indicates that the species resources in the heritage site are abundant and that biodiversity is likely to be underestimated. We suggest that effort still needs to be devoted to the classification of heritage sites worldwide.

Key words: Libo World Nature Heritage Site, type specimens, content analysis, new species, catalogue

表1

荔波世界自然遗产地动物模式标本种类组成"

分类
Class
物种数
No. of species
%
软体动物门 Mollusca
腹足纲 Gastropoda
中腹足目 Mesogastropoda 5 2.45
柄眼目 Stylommatophora 2 0.98
新进腹足目 Caenogastropoda 1 0.49
节肢动物门 Arthropoda
甲壳纲 Crustacea
十足目 Decapoda 4 1.96
蛛形纲 Arachnida
蜘蛛目 Araneae 13 6.37
中气门目 Mesostigmata 1 0.49
昆虫纲 Insecta
直翅目 Orthoptera 6 2.94
襀翅目 Plecoptera 8 3.92
虫脩目 Phasmatodae 3 1.47
螳螂目 Mantodea 1 0.49
长翅目 Mecoptera 2 0.98
半翅目 Hemiptera 62 30.39.00
等翅目 Isoptera 2 0.98
广翅目 Megaloptera 1 0.49
鳞翅目 Lepidoptera 10 4.90
脉翅目 Lepidoptera 6 2.94
膜翅目 Hymenoptera 47 23.04.00
鞘翅目 Coleoptera 7 3.43
蜻蜓目 Odonata 2 0.98
双翅目 Dlptera 9 4.41
脊索动物门 Chordata
硬骨鱼纲 Osteichthyes
鲤形目 Cypriniformes 10 4.90
爬行纲 Reptilia
蜥蜴目 Lacertiformes 2 0.98

表2

荔波世界自然遗产地动物模式标本采集时间和命名时间"

时间
Time
类型
Type
数量
Number
百分比
%
时间
Time
类型
Type
数量
Number
百分比
%
1955-1964 采集 Collection 6 2.33 1985-1994 采集 Collection 56 21.79
1982-1990 命名 Naming 9 4.41 2001-2005 命名 Naming 121 59.31
1965-1974 采集 Collection 1 0.39 1995-2004 采集 Collection 160 62.26
1991-1995 命名 Naming 28 13.73 2006-2010 命名 Naming 11 5.39
1975-1984 采集 Collection 23 8.95 2005-2014 采集 Collection 11 4.28
1996-2000 命名 Naming 27 13.24 2010-2015 命名 Naming 8 3.92

图1

荔波世界自然遗产地动物模式标本采集数量"

图2

荔波世界自然遗产地动物模式标本橱柜时间"

[1] Bai M, Cui JZ, Hu JY, Li LZ ( 2014) Catalogue of the Insect Type Specimens Deposited in China, Vol. 3. China Forestry Publishing House, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[ 白明, 崔俊芝, 胡佳耀, 李利珍 ( 2014) 中国昆虫模式标本名录, (第3卷). 中国林业出版社, 北京.]
[2] Cao CQ, Chen SZ, Tong C ( 2013) A checklist of type specimens of insect from Mount Emei of Sichuan Province. Journal of Leshan Normal University, 28, 38-45. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 曹成全, 陈申芝, 童超 ( 2013) 四川峨眉山昆虫模式标本名录. 乐山师范学院学报, 28, 38-45.]
[3] Cheng HW, Zhang GL, Yang ZG ( 2010) The holotype plants and their conservation and utilization in Daweishan Nature Reserve in Yunnan. Forest Inventory and Planning, 35(2), 58-62. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 程洪文, 张贵良, 杨治国 ( 2010) 云南大围山国家级自然保护区模式标本植物及其保护利用. 林业调查规划, 35(2), 58-62.]
[4] Cheng XS, Zhang ZG.Chang ZM ( 2014) Issidae and Caliscelidae (Hemiptera, Fulgoroidea) from China. Guizhou Science and Technology Publishing House, Guiyang. (in Chinese).
[ 陈祥盛, 张争光, 常志敏 ( 2014)中国瓢蜡蝉和短翅蜡蝉. 贵州科技出版社, 贵阳.]
[5] Cui JZ, Bai M, Fan RJ, Wu H ( 2009) Catalogue of the Insect Type Specimens Deposited in China, Vol. 2. China Forestry Publishing House, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[ 崔俊芝, 白明, 范仁俊, 吴鸿 ( 2009) 中国昆虫模式标本名录(第2卷). 中国林业出版社, 北京.]
[6] Cui JZ, Bai M, Wu H, Ji LQ ( 2007) Catalogue of the Insect Type Specimens Deposited in China, Vol. 1. China Forestry Publishing House, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[ 崔俊芝, 白明, 吴鸿, 纪力强 ( 2007) 中国昆虫模式标本名录(第1卷). 中国林业出版社, 北京.]
[7] Dai RH ( 2005) Taxonomic, Faunistic and Phylogenetic Studies on the Subfamily Euscelinae from China (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). PhD dissertation, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 戴仁怀 ( 2005) 中国殃叶蝉亚科区系分类及系统发育研究. 博士学位论文, 浙江大学, 杭州.]
[8] Deng WA ( 2016) Taxonomic Study of Tetrigoidea from China. PhD dissertation, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 邓维安 ( 2016) 中国蚱总科分类学研究. 博士学位论文, 华中农业大学, 武汉.]
[9] Ding B, Hua B, Wen HJ, Deng HP, Ding X ( 2014) On floristic study and scientific name revision of seed type specimens distributed in Jinfo Mountain Nature Reserve. Journal of Southwest Normal University (Natural Science), 39(12), 47-52. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 丁博, 华波, 文海军, 邓洪平, 丁醒 ( 2014) 金佛山自然保护区种子植物模式标本物种的区系分析及学名修订. 西南师范大学学报 (自然科学版), 39(12), 47-52.]
[10] Du LN, Chen XY, Yang JX ( 2013) A catalog of fish specimens preserved within Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Zoological Research, 34, 345-360. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 杜丽娜, 陈小勇, 杨君兴 ( 2013) 中国科学院昆明动物研究所鱼类模式标本名录. 动物学研究, 34, 345-360.]
[11] Fontaine B, Perrard A, Bouchet P ( 2012) 21 years of shelf life between discovery and description of new species. Current Biology, 22, 943-944.
[12] Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences ( 1991) Catalogue of the Type Specimens In the Insect Collection of the Institute of Zoology Academia Sinica, China. Agricultural Publishing House, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[ 中国科学院动物研究所 ( 1991) 中国科学院动物研究所昆虫标本馆藏模式标本名录. 农业出版社, 北京.]
[13] Lan HB, Ran JC, Meng HL, Yu P, Xu H, Deng BL ( 2009) An overview on biodiversity and its protection in Maolan Nature Reserve. Journal of Mountain Agriculture and Biology, 28, 119-125. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 兰洪波, 冉景丞, 蒙惠理, 玉屏, 徐获, 邓碧林 ( 2009) 茂兰自然保护区生物物种多样性及其保护. 山地农业生物学报, 28, 119-125.]
[14] Li WL ( 2014) Systematics of Lauxaniidae (Diptera: Lauxanioidae) from Southwest China. PhD dissertation, China Agricultural University, Beijing. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 李文亮 ( 2014) 中国西南地区缟蝇科(双翅目: 缟蝇总科)系统分类研究. 博士学位论文, 中国农业大学, 北京.]
[15] Li ZZ, Cheng XS ( 1999) Nirvaninae from China (Homoptera, Cicadellidae). Guizhou Science and Technology Publishing House, Guiyang. (in Chinese).
[ 李子忠, 陈祥盛 ( 1999) 中国隐脉叶蝉(同翅目: 叶蝉科). 贵州科技出版社, 贵阳.]
[16] Li ZZ, Jin DC ( 2002) Maolan Landscape Insects. Guizhou Science and Technology Publishing House, Guiyang. (in Chinese)
[ 李子忠, 金道超 ( 2002) 茂兰景观昆虫. 贵州科技出版社, 贵阳.]
[17] Luo T ( 1998) Catalogue of the mammal type specimens preserved in the Mammal Collection of the Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica, 23, 333-335. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 罗童 ( 1998) 中国科学院动物研究所兽类标本馆藏模式标本名录. 动物分类学报, 23, 333-335.]
[18] Qiu GQ, Deng HG, Miao SY, Tao WQ, Long LD, Zeng GC ( 2014) Origin of type specimen and specialty plants named with Luofushan. Science and Technology Innovation Herald, 11(36), 90. (in Chinese)
[ 邱国权, 邓华格, 缪绅裕, 陶文琴, 龙连娣, 曾庆昌 ( 2014) 以罗浮山命名的模式标本产地及特产植物考证. 科技创新导报, 11(36), 90.]
[19] Ran JC, Chen HM, Chen ZR, Yu DL, Yu P ( 2001) The present situation of poaching and wildlife conservation measures in Maolan Nature Reserve. Biodiversity Science, 9, 482-486. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 冉景丞, 陈会明, 陈正仁, 余登利, 玉屏 ( 2001) 茂兰自然保护区内捕猎现状与野生动物保护. 生物多样性, 9, 482-486.]
[20] Tang YC ( 1984) Introduction of International Code of Plant nomenclature (VI). Chinese Bulletin of Botany, 2(4), 58-61. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 汤彦承 ( 1984) 国际植物命名法规简介(VI). 植物学通报, 2(4), 58-61.]
[21] Wang SN, Pan D, Wen ZH, Huang JH ( 2011) A checklist of type specimens of insects from Maoershan Nature Reserve of Guangxi, China. Journal of Guangxi Normal University (Natural Science Edition), 29, 122-131. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 王邵能, 潘冬, 文忠华, 黄建华 ( 2011) 广西猫儿山自然保护区昆虫模式标本名录. 广西师范大学学报(自然科学版), 29, 122-131.]
[22] Xi YQ ( 2015) Systematics of Milichiidae from China (Diptera). PhD dissertation, China Agricultural University, Beijing. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 席玉强 ( 2015) 中国叶蝇科系统分类研究 (双翅目). 博士学位论文, 中国农业大学, 北京.]
[23] Xiong KN ( 2006) South China Karst Cone Karst Ecological Processes and Biodiversity of Libo. Guizhou People’s Publishing House, Guiyang. (in Chinese)
[ 熊康宁 ( 2006) 中国南方喀斯特荔波锥状喀斯特生态过程与生物多样性. 贵州人民出版社, 贵阳.]
[24] Xiong KN, Li GC, Wang LY ( 2012) Study on the protection and sustainable development of South China Karst Libo World Nature Heritage Site. Chinese Landscape Architecture, 28(8), 66-71. (in Chinese)
[ 熊康宁, 李高聪, 王玲玉 ( 2012) 中国南方喀斯特荔波世界自然遗产地保护与可持续发展. 中国园林, 28(8), 66-71.]
[25] Xu Y ( 1992) Allotype management in academic research. Archives Science Bulletin, 2(5), 37-41. (in Chinese)
[ 徐阳 ( 1992) 科学研究中模式标本档案的管理. 档案学通讯, 2(5), 37-41.]
[26] Yang JK ( 1997) Allotype should be appointed as far as possible. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica, 22, 441. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 杨集昆 ( 1997) 模式标本中宜尽量指定配模. 动物分类学报, 22, 441.]
[27] Yang XK, Sun HG, Jiang GM ( 1991) Catalogue of the Insect Type Specimens Deposited in Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. China Agriculture Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[ 杨星科, 孙洪国, 江国妹 ( 1991) 中国科学院动物研究所昆虫标本馆藏模式标本名录. 中国农业出版社, 北京.]
[28] Zhang X ( 2010) The Study on Systematics of Subfamily Phylinae from China (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Miridae). PhD dissertation, Nankai University, Tianjin. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 张旭 ( 2010) 中国叶盲蝽亚科的系统学研究(半翅目: 异翅亚目: 盲蝽科). 博士学位论文, 南开大学, 天津.]
[29] Zhou YB, Yu XL, Wu N, Shen GZ, Xiong GM, Xu WT, Fan DY, Zhao CM, Xie ZQ ( 2017) A catalogue of animal type from the Shennongjia World Nature Heritage Site, China. Biodiversity Science, 25, 513-517. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[ 周友兵, 余小林, 吴楠, 申国珍, 熊高明, 徐文婷, 樊大勇, 赵常明, 谢宗强 ( 2017) 神龙架世界自然遗产地动物模式标本名录. 生物多样性, 25, 513-517.]
[30] Zhou ZX ( 1987) Scientific Survey of Maolan Karst Forest. Guizhou People’s Publishing House, Guiyang. (in Chinese)
[ 周正贤 ( 1987) 茂兰喀斯特森林科学考察集. 贵州人民出版社, 贵阳.]
[1] 蒋志刚 江建平 王跃招 张鹗 张雁云 蔡波. (2020) 国家濒危物种红色名录的生物多样性保护意义. 生物多样性, 28(5): 0-0.
[2] 吕忠梅 陈真亮. (2020) 《野生动物保护法》再修订: 背景、争点与建议. 生物多样性, 28(5): 0-0.
[3] 王剀,任金龙,陈宏满,吕植桐,郭宪光,蒋珂,陈进民,李家堂,郭鹏,王英永,车静. (2020) 中国两栖、爬行动物更新名录. 生物多样性, 28(2): 189-218.
[4] 王科,刘冬梅,蔡蕾,吴海军,李熠,魏铁铮,王永会,吴红梅,卫晓丹,李斌斌,李俊生,姚一建. (2020) 中国大型真菌红色名录评估方法和程序. 生物多样性, 28(1): 11-19.
[5] 李熠,刘冬梅,王科,吴海军,蔡蕾,蔡磊,李俊生,姚一建. (2020) 中国大型真菌红色名录评估中存在的问题及今后的对策. 生物多样性, 28(1): 66-73.
[6] 魏铁铮,王科,于晓丹,李熠,吴海军,吴红梅,王永会,卫晓丹,李斌斌,蒋岚,姚一建. (2020) 中国大型担子菌受威胁现状评估. 生物多样性, 28(1): 41-53.
[7] 魏鑫丽,邓红,魏江春. (2020) 中国地衣的濒危等级评估. 生物多样性, 28(1): 54-65.
[8] 王科,赵明君,苏锦河,杨柳,邓红,王永会,吴海军,李熠,吴红梅,卫晓丹,魏铁铮,蔡磊,姚一建. (2020) 中国菌物名录数据库在大型真菌红色名录编制中的作用. 生物多样性, 28(1): 74-98.
[9] 庄文颖,李熠,郑焕娣,曾昭清,王新存. (2020) 中国非地衣型大型子囊菌受威胁现状评估及致危因素. 生物多样性, 28(1): 26-40.
[10] 姚一建,魏江春,庄文颖,蔡蕾,刘冬梅,李俊生,魏铁铮,李熠,王科,吴海军. (2020) 中国大型真菌红色名录评估研究进展. 生物多样性, 28(1): 4-10.
[11] 蒋志刚. (2019) 中国重点保护物种名录、标准与管理. 生物多样性, 27(6): 698-703.
[12] 谢丹,王玉琴,张小霜,吴玉,杨敬元,张代贵. (2019) 神农架国家公园植物采集史及模式标本名录. 生物多样性, 27(2): 211-218.
[13] 单章建,赵莉娜,杨宇昌,谢丹,覃海宁. (2019) 中国植物受威胁等级评估系统概述. 生物多样性, 27(12): 1352-1363.
[14] 楚克林, 马晓萍, 张泽伟, 王鹏飞, 吕琳娜, 赵强, 孙红英. (2018) 中国淡水蟹分类与分布名录(十足目: 拟地蟹科, 溪蟹科). 生物多样性, 26(3): 274-282.
[15] 刘冬梅, 蔡蕾, 王科, 李俊生, 魏铁铮, 姚一建. (2018) 中国野生大型真菌受威胁程度评估、问题和对策. 生物多样性, 26(11): 1236-1242.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed