Biodiv Sci ›› 2004, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (3): 377-385.  DOI: 10.17520/biods.2004046

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The conservation of Metasequoia glyptostroboides and its current problems in China

WANG Xi-Qun1, MA Lu-Yi1*, GUO Bao-Xiang2, GE Ji-Wen3, FAN Shen-Hou4   

  1. 1 College of Resources and Environment,Beijing Forestry University,Beijing 100083
    2 Hubei Provincial Forest Survey and Design Institute,Wuhan 430079
    3 Hubei Provincial Wild Animal and Plant Administrative Station,Wuhan 430079
    4 Hubei Lichuan Metasequoia Mother trees administrative Station,Lichuan 445400
  • Received:2003-11-04 Revised:2004-01-12 Online:2004-05-20 Published:2004-05-20
  • Contact: MA Lu-Yi

Abstract: The history of conservation of dawn redwood (Metasequoia glyptostroboides), in a sense, is a miniature of the history of conservation of Chinese rare and endangered plants since New China was founded more than 50 years ago. The establishment of Hubei Province Xingdoushan National Nature Reserve mainly to protect dawn redwood is an important milestone in the development and history of protection of dawn redwood. Understanding this history is beneficial for effectively formulating plans and adopting measures for the future in situ protection and ex situ conservation of dawn redwood. The history of conservation of dawn redwood is reviewed in this paper. Based on an analysis of the current situation and current problems for dawn redwood, four detailed conservation measures are suggested: (1) to continuously improve the conditions of nature reserves for the natural seedsource trees of dawn redwood, and to design a longterm programs to protect them. The organization and personnel as well as the funds should meet the needs for protection of the original natural seedsource trees of dawn redwood and their habitat; (2)to effectively implement relevant laws for protection of dawn redwood;(3) to establish a geneconservation forest in order to fully preserve all the original natural founder trees′ genes of dawn redwood; and (4) to actively coordinate the relationships among environmental protection agencies, forestry agencies, units of the Academy of Sciences, and other education and research units. We should cooperate and help each other in the fields of protecting dawn redwood and other natural resources by means of scientific research and exchange of research experiences.