Biodiv Sci ›› 2005, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (5): 416-423.DOI: 10.1360/biodiv.050004

Special Issue: 探索长江流域物种的濒危机制

• Special Issue • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Home range and habitat use of male Reeves’s pheasant (Syrmaticus reevesii) in winter in Dongzhai National Nature Reserve, Henan Province

Jiliang Xu1,2, Xiaohui Zhang1, Zhengwang Zhang1*, Guangmei Zheng1, Xiangfeng Ruan3, Keyin Zhang3   

  1. 1 Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Sciences and Ecological Engineering; College of Life Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875
    2 College of Natural Resources & Environment, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083
    3 Dongzhai National Nature Reserve, Segang, Luoshan County, Henan 464236
  • Received:2005-01-05 Revised:2005-04-20 Online:2005-09-20 Published:2005-09-20
  • Contact: Zhengwang Zhang

Abstract:

Home range and habitat use of male Reeves’s pheasant (Syrmaticus reevesii) were studied during the winter of 2001/2002 and 2002/2003 in the Dongzhai National Nature Reserve, Henan Province. The results from five individuals of Reeves’s pheasant with over 30 relocations indicated the average size of home range was 10.03 ± 1.17 hm2 by Minimum Convex Polygon method, 8.60 ± 0.35 hm2 by 90% Harmonic Mean Transformation method, and 9.50 ±1.90 hm2 by 95% Fixed Kernel method. The winter range was smaller than that in the breeding season. The mean core area of the home range was 1.88 ± 0.37 hm2. Although the habitat composition of the core area varied greatly among individuals, conifer and broadleaf mixed forests, masson pine forests, fir forests, and shrubs together accounted for a large part of the habitats used. Habitat use within the study area was non-random, while habitats were randomly used within home ranges. Tree di-ameter at breast height, shrub height and coverage at 2.0 m dictated habitat use. The proximity between for-ests and shrubs were also important in providing refuge for the birds during the winter. Recommendations for conservation management include protecting the existing habitats in Dongzhai National Nature Reserve, in-creasing suitable habitat for Reeves’s pheasant through artificial plantations (e.g. firs), and restoring some parts of the large area of shrubs to forest.