生物多样性 ›› 2000, Vol. 08 ›› Issue (2): 180-191.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2000026

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国鹤类现状及其保护对策

苏化龙,林英华,李迪强,钱法文   

  1. (国家林业局野生动植物研究与发展中心,  北京 100091)
  • 收稿日期:1999-06-21 修回日期:2000-03-13 出版日期:2000-05-20 发布日期:2000-05-20
  • 通讯作者: 林英华

Status of Chinese cranes and their conservation strategies

SU Hua-Long, LIN Ying-Hua, LI Di-Qiang, QIAN Fa-Wen   

  1. Research and Development Center for Fauna and Flora , State Forestry Administration ,Beijing 100091
  • Received:1999-06-21 Revised:2000-03-13 Online:2000-05-20 Published:2000-05-20
  • Contact: LIN Ying-Hua

摘要: 中国有9种鹤类,其中灰鹤(Grus grus)、黑颈鹤(Grus nigricollis)、丹顶鹤(Grus japonensis)、白枕鹤(Grus vipio)、赤颈鹤(Grus antigone)、蓑羽鹤(Anthropoides virgo)在中国进行繁殖。中国政府为保护鹤类采取了大量有效措施。本文在结合当前鹤类数量和保护现状的基础上,对中国鹤类的保护对策进行探讨。

Abstract: There are nine crane species in China. Among them , five species breed in China , namely the Common Crane ( Grus grus) , Black- necked Crane ( G.nigricollis) , Red-crowned Crane ( G.japonensis) , Whitenapped Crane ( G.vipio) , Sarus Crane ( G.antigone) and Demoiselle Crane ( Anthropoides virgo) . As to the wintering cranes of the world , over 70 % of the Black- necked Cranes , about 14 % of the Hooded Cranes ( Grus monacha) , more than 50 %of the Red-crowned Cranes and White- napped Cranes , and close to 99 %of Siberian White Cranes ( Grus leucogeranus) lived in China. This paper analyzed quantity and status of cranes , and presented protecting strategy for cranes in China.