生物多样性 ›› 1999, Vol. 07 ›› Issue (4): 285-290.DOI: 10.17520/biods.1999044

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

云南地方鸡种的遗传多样性及其与中国家鸡起源的关系

胡文平   

  1. (云南农业大学动物科技学院,昆明 650201)
  • 收稿日期:1998-07-07 修回日期:1999-04-21 出版日期:1999-11-20 发布日期:1999-11-20

Genetic diversity of Yunnan local chicken breeds and its relationship with origin of Chinese domestic chicken

HU Wen-Ping   

  1. Faculty of Animal Science and Technology,Yunnan Agricultural University,Kunming 650201
  • Received:1998-07-07 Revised:1999-04-21 Online:1999-11-20 Published:1999-11-20

摘要: 云南地方鸡种在生境、形态外貌、细胞遗传和血液蛋白等方面均表现出多样性,但mtDNA的遗传变异单一。云南地方鸡种有其独特的基因类型,由于所处的特殊地理位置和生态条件差异,形成了与我国其它鸡种相对独立的鸡种。从血液蛋白、细胞遗传和mtDNA等方面进一步证明红色原鸡为家鸡的祖先。云南可能是中国家鸡的起源中心之一。

AbstractThe habitat,appearance,karyotype,and blood protein locus of Yunnan local chicken breeds are diverse,but no mtDNA polymorphism exists inferred from restriction endonuelease analysis.Due to diferent geological locations and ecologicalcondition,Yunnan local chicken breeds have their unique gene types,relatively independent of other Chinese chicken breeds.The results from blood protein,karyotype and mtDNA demonstrate further that Gallus domesticus originated from Gallus gallus Yunnan is probably one of the original center of Chinese domestic chieken.