生物多样性 ›› 1999, Vol. 07 ›› Issue (3): 250-254.DOI: 10.17520/biods.1999039

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

宗教文化对鼎湖山森林资源保护的影响

魏平,温达志   

  1. (中国科学院鼎湖山森林生态系统定位研究站,  肇庆 526070)
  • 收稿日期:1998-06-23 修回日期:1998-12-20 出版日期:1999-08-20 发布日期:1999-08-20

Effects of religious culture on forest resource conservation in Dinghu mountain, Guangdong

WEI Ping, WEN Da-Zhi   

  1. Dinghu Mountain Forest Ecosystem Research Station , South China Institute of Botany ,the Chinese Academy of Sciences , Zhaoqing  526070
  • Received:1998-06-23 Revised:1998-12-20 Online:1999-08-20 Published:1999-08-20

摘要:

根据现有的文献史料和保护区内历代留存的碑刻,探讨了不同历史时期内鼎湖山宗教文化的兴衰,历代僧侣对鼎湖山森林实行禁伐保护的管理措施,以及对森林资源保护和森林群落演替的影响。从而提出,仅就文字记载来看,鼎湖山代表性植被——南亚热带季风常绿阔叶林群落受禁伐保护始于1633年,迄今已有366年的保护历史,其中庆云寺僧人实行禁伐保护的历史长达319年。宗教文化是鼎湖山森林群落及生物多样性保存完好的重要原因之一。

AbstractAccording to the historical records and some inscriptions on the steles found in Dinghu Mountain Biosphere Reserve , the rise and decline of the religious temples of Dinghu Mountain in different historical periodsand the protection and management measures of the forest adopted by monks , and the effects of the religious culture on the forest community and biodiversity conservation are presented. From the recorded writings , the protection and management of the representative vegetation in Dinghu Mountain —South Asian subtropical monsoon evergreen broad2leafed forest was initiated in 1633. Thus this vegetation has been protected and managed for 366 years , of which , 319 years was done by the monks in Qingyun Temple. Religious culture is one of the important reasons why the forest community and biodiversity have been protected well.