生物多样性 ›› 1998, Vol. 06 ›› Issue (3): 220-228.DOI: 10.17520/biods.1998033

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

湖北省珍稀濒危植物现状及其就地保护

葛继稳,吴金清,朱兆泉,杨敬元,雷耘   

  1. (湖北省野生动物和森林植物保护站,  武汉 430070)
    (中国科学院武汉植物研究所,  武汉 430074)
    (湖北神农架国家级自然保护区管理局,  神农架林区 442421)
    (华中师范大学生命科学院,  武汉 430070)
  • 收稿日期:1996-09-24 修回日期:1998-04-01 出版日期:1998-08-20 发布日期:1998-08-20

The present status and in-situ conservation of the rare and endangered plants in Hubei Province

GE Ji-Wen1),WU Jin-Qing2),ZHU Zhao-Quan3),YANG Jing-Yuan3),LEI Yun4)   

  1. 1) Hubei Wildlife and Forest Plant Conservation Station , Wuhan 430070
    2) Wuhan Institute of Botany , the Chinese Academy of Sciences , Wuhan  430074
    3) Hubei Shennongjia National Nature Reserve Administrative Bureau , Shennongjia Forest District  442421
    4) College of Biology ,Central China Normal University , Wuhan  430070
  • Received:1996-09-24 Revised:1998-04-01 Online:1998-08-20 Published:1998-08-20

摘要: 本文论述了湖北省珍稀濒危植物的数量、分布及就地保护现状,并提出了保护的建议和措施。经调查研究,湖北省天然分布有62种珍稀濒危植物,占全国同类总数的15.97%;鄂西南和鄂西北为珍稀濒危植物的分布中心; 全省22个野生植物和森林生态系统自然保护区(点)现已就地保护55种,占总数的88.7%;在评价就地保护现状的基础上,提出了合理调整和布局自然保护区、大力发展自然保护小区、自然保护点和禁伐区以及将就地保护和其它手段相结合等建议。

AbstractThis paper discussed the present status and in-situ conservation of the rare and endangered plants in Hubei Province ,as well as some protective suggestions. There are 62 species of endangered plants in Hubei , which account for 15197 % of total in China. Of them , 55 species have been protected in 22 nature reserves , accounting for 8817 % of 62 endangered species. Seven species have not yet been preserved , such as Pinus dabeshanensis , Torreya jackii and Heptacodicum miconioides . Some species haven’t been effectively conservated , e. g. A mentotaxus argotaenia and Manglietia patungensis. Some plants should be ex-situ conserved , e. g. Taiwanin cryptomeriodes , Magnolia sieboldii , M. amoena , Torreya jackii and Sinojackia xylocarpa. Setting up more nature reserves ,enlarging some nature reserves ,developing much more small nature reserves and nature protected spots ,as well as taking ex-situ conservation ,are urgent at present .