Biodiversity Science ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (8): 886-895.doi: 10.17520/biods.2017098

• Bioinventory • Previous Article     Next Article

China’s mammal diversity (2nd edition)

Zhigang Jiang1, 6, *(), Shaoying Liu2, Yi Wu3, Xuelong Jiang4, 6, Kaiya Zhou5   

  1. 1 Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    2 Sichuan Academy of Forestry, Chengdu 610081
    3 School of Life Sciences, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006
    4 Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650223
    5 College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023
    6 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2017-03-27 Accepted:2017-07-09 Online:2017-08-31
  • Jiang Zhigang

Due to recent modifications of mammalian taxonomy, discoveries of mammalogy in China, and conservation needs of the country, China’s mammal diversity inventory is in urgent need of an update. We collected new species and records of mammal species in China from the literature since March 2015, adopted the new taxonomy, incorporated our own research, and added mammalian species of the Zangnan Region, to renew the inventory of mammal diversity in the country. The major changes in the new version of the inventory are the elevation of the order Cetartiodactyla to the super order Cetartiodactyla and the split of the order Cetartiodactyla in Jiang et al (2015) into orders Cetacea and Artiodactyla, respectively. Chodsigoa hoffmanni C. furva and Mesechinus sp. were added to the order Eulipotyphla. In the order Chiroptera, Murina fanjingshanensis, Myotis rufoniger and Rhinolophus subbadius were added, while Myotis hirsutus and Miniopterus fuscus were deleted from the inventory. In the order Primates, Hoolock tianxing, Trachypithecus pileatus, Nycticebus coucang and Hoolock hoolock were added to the inventory. In the order Carnivora, Melursus ursinus, Canis aureus, Vulpes bengakensis, Herpestes edwardsii, and Felis viverrinus were added. We reclassified the species in the order Artiodactyla according to the taxonomy of the Handbook of the Mammals of the World, Vol. 2, Ungulates. Ovis ammon, O. collium, Budorcas taxicolor, and Muntiacus muntjak were added to the order. All sika deer in the country were grouped as a single species, Cervus nippon, and all moose were grouped as a single species, Alces alces. Cervus alashanicus and C. macneilli as well as the dwarf blue sheep, Psuodois sharferi, were deleted, and the species of the Tragulus in Xishuangbanna was listed as Tragulus sp. In the order Cetacea, Platanista gangetica was added while Delphinus capensis was deleted. In the order Rodentia, new species, Typhlomys nanus, Neodon medogensis and N. nyalamensis, Bandicota bengalensis as well as Myospalax cansus, Biswamoyopterus biswasi, Niviventer niviventer, Mus booduga; and one species, Typhlomys daloushanensis, which was elevated from the status of subspecies, were added to the inventory, however, Hadromys humei was deleted from the inventory. The taxonomy of Arvicolini of Cricetidae was renewed. Caprolagus hispidus and Lepus nigricollis were added to the order Lagomorpha and the taxonomy of Ochotona was renewed, with 5 species downgraded from the status of species to subspecies while 4 were elevated from subspecies to species. Altogether there are 29 pika species in China. However, O. princeps, O. collaris, O. hoffinanni, O. rufescens and O. pusilla are not found in the country. The new inventory of China’s mammals has 13 orders, 56 families, 248 genera and 693 species. Compared with that reported by Jiang et al (2015), there is now an additional order, family, three genera and 20 species in the new mammalian diversity inventory. Of the mammalian species in country, the statuses of 18 species, mostly rodents, are still in dispute amongst mammalogists. There are 146 endemic mammalian species in China, which accounted for 21% of the total mammal species in the country. Of those endemic species by order, the highest endemic rate is found in Lagomorpha (37%), followed by Eulipotyphla (35%) and Artiodactyla (25%). Overall, China has the richest mammal diversity in the world.

Key words: mammals, Hoolock, Trachypithecus, Neodon, Chodsigoa, Typhlomys, Ochotona

Table 1

Checklist of pika in China"

Chinese name
Scientific name
1 高山鼠兔 Ochotona alpina
2 间颅鼠兔 Ochotona cansus
3 长白山鼠兔 Ochotona coreana
4 高原鼠兔 Ochotona curzoniae
5 大巴山鼠兔 Ochotona dabashanensis
6 达乌尔鼠兔 Ochotona dauurica
7 红耳鼠兔 Ochotona erythrotis
8 扁颅鼠兔 Ochotona flatcalvariam
9 灰颈鼠兔 Ochotona forresti
10 川西鼠兔 Ochotona gloveri
11 黄龙鼠兔 Ochotona huanglongensis
12 东北鼠兔 Ochotona hyperborea
13 伊犁鼠兔 Ochotona iliensis
14 柯氏鼠兔 Ochotona koslowi
15 拉达克鼠兔 Ochotona ladacensis
16 大耳鼠兔 Ochotona macrotis
17 满洲里鼠兔 Ochotona mantchurica
18 黑鼠兔 Ochotona nigritia*
19 奴布拉鼠兔 Ochotona nubrica
20 蒙古鼠兔(帕氏鼠兔) Ochotona pallasi
21 邛崃鼠兔 Ochotona qionglaiensis
22 灰鼠兔 Ochotona roylei
23 红鼠兔 Ochotona rutila
24 峨眉鼠兔 Ochotona sacraria
25 锡金鼠兔 Ochotona sikimaria
26 藏鼠兔 Ochotona thibetana
27 狭颅鼠兔 Ochotona thomasi
28 循化鼠兔 Ochotona xunhuaensis??
29 雅鲁藏布鼠兔 Ochotona yarlungensis

Table 2

Mammal species of the Zangnan Region newly added to the inventory"

Chinese name
Scientific name
1 葛氏菊头蝠 Rhinolophus subbadius
2 西白眉长臂猿 Hoolock hoolock
3 懒猴 Nycticebus coucang
4 亚洲胡狼 Canis aureus
5 孟加拉狐 Vulpes bengakensis
6 懒熊 Melursus ursinus
7 灰獴 Herpestes edwardsii
8 渔猫 Felis viverrinus
9 印度麂 Muntiacus muntjak
10 恒河豚 Platanista gangetica
11 比氏鼯鼠 Biswamoyopterus biswasi
12 白腹鼠 Niviventer niviventer
13 印度小鼠 Mus booduga
14 小板齿鼠 Bandicota bengalensis
15 粗毛兔 Caprolagus hispidus
16 尼泊尔黑兔 Lepus nigricollis

Table 3

Number of species, genera and families as well as endemic species in the orders of China’s mammalian fauna"

No. of families
No. of genera
No. of species
No. of endemic species
Endemic species (%)
1st edn.* 2nd edn.# 1st edn. 2nd edn. 1st edn. 2nd edn. 1st edn. 2nd edn. 1st edn. 2nd edn.
劳亚食虫目 Eulipotyphla 3 3 24 24 87 89 30 31 34 35
攀鼩目 Scandentia 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
翼手目 Chiroptera 7 7 33 33 134 135 26 25 19 19
灵长目 Primates 4 4 9 9 27 31 6 7 22 23
鳞甲目 Pholidota 1 1 1 1 3 3 0 0 0 0
食肉目 Carnivora 10 10 39 40 58 63 2 1 3 2
海牛目 Sirenia 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
长鼻目 Proboscidea 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
奇蹄目 Perissodactyla 2 2 3 3 6 6 0 0 0 0
偶蹄目 Artiodactyla 6 6 28 28 67 64 19 16 28 25
鲸目 Cetacea 8 9 25 26 38 38 1 1 3 3
啮齿目 Rodentia 9 9 78 78 215 220 49 50 23 23
兔形目 Lagomorpha 2 2 2 3 35 41 16 15 46 37
总计 Total 55 56 245 248 673 693 149 146 22 21

Fig. 1

China’s mammalian species diversity reported by foreign and Chinese scholars. Source of the data is from the Table 1 in Jiang et al (2015) and this study."

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