Biodiv Sci ›› 1999, Vol. 07 ›› Issue (1): 24-30.DOI: 10.17520/biods.1999005

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Difference of habitat environment and assessment in wild Bactrian camel distribution areas

YUAN Lei, ZHANG Li, YUAN Guo-Ying, ZHAO Zhi-Gang, LI Hong-Xu   

  1. 1) Xinjiang Station of Environmental Monitoring Centre , Urumqi  830011
    2) Xinjiang Institute of Environmental Protection , Urumqi  830011
  • Received:1997-10-27 Revised:1998-06-04 Online:1999-02-20 Published:1999-02-20

Abstract: Wild Bactrian camels( Camelus bact rianus ferus) survive now only in and around the Great Gobi National Park in Mongolia and Xinjiang region of Western China , principally in the eastern part of the Thaklimakan Desert in the vicinity of Lop Nur. Lop Nur region , which is the only remaining area in the world where wild Bactrian camels can be considered genetically pure , because it is isolated from domestic living stock. Number of camels in this area is estimated not more than 120 , and as a result of surveys , total number of wild Bactrian camels remaining in both China and Mongolia is a maximum of 880 and a minimum of 730. Different habitats of wild Bactrian camels as well as human influence were investigated and assessed in this paper