Biodiversity Science ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (5): 564-573.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2014.14078

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

A rapid and quantitative assessment of wetland vegetation restoration effects with Floristic Quality Assessment Index

Wanting Peng1, Peng Luo3, *(), Changqing Liu2, Ronghua Tang4, Yuanzhi Pan1, *()   

  1. 1 School of Landscape Architecture, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130
    2 School of Resources and Environment, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130
    3 Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041
    4 Management Centre of Wetland, Forest Department of Sichuan Province, Chengdu 610081
  • Received:2014-04-14 Accepted:2014-08-29 Online:2014-10-09
  • Luo Peng,Pan Yuanzhi E-mail:luopeng@cib.ac.cn;scpyzls@163.com

Conventional assessment of wetland conservation/restoration effects usually involves monitoring of multiple variables and requires interdisciplinary expertise in biology, environmental sciences and socioeconomics. As China is putting huge efforts into restoring degraded wetlands, fast and cost-effective methodologies for quantitative assessment of the conservation effects are crucial and in great need. For three years, we studied a former paddy field that was recently rehabilitated to a forested wetland in Yunqiao, southwest China. Floristic Quality Assessment Index (FQAI) was used as an ecological indicator to monitor rehabilitation progress with repeat yearly samplings of plant species information along four parallel fixed line-transects in the wetland. The conservative values were calculated for each species based on evaluation of all wetland plants in the floristic area. The results showed that both the mean coefficient of conservatism (CCmean) and the FQAI increased significantly, while no clear trends were presented by the species diversity indices (Shannon-Wiener index, Simpson index, Pielou index) over the three year sampling period, suggesting FQAI is a promising and effective ecological indicator for rapid and quantitative measurement of vegetative rehabilitation effects in wetlands.

Key words: Floristic Quality Assessment Index, coefficient of conservatism, ecological indicator, species richness, wetland assessment

Fig. 1

Location of Yunqiao wetland and the four line transects"

Fig. 2

Numbers of the wetland plant species within each CC score category in Sichuan Basin"

Fig. 3

Changes of number of plant species within each CC score category between 2011 and 2013 in Yunqiao wetland"

Table 1

Changes of plant species richness between 2011 and 2013 inYunqiao wetland"

年份
Year
总物种
Total species
本土植物
Native species
非本土植物
Non-native species
广布物种
Widespread species
2011 33.50 ± 5.04a 30.00 ± 4.71a 3.50 ± 0.50a 23.50 ± 3.57a
2012 35.50 ± 8.50a 31.50 ± 8.06a 4.00 ± 1.08a 29.00 ± 4.65a
2013 43.25 ± 6.92a 39.75 ± 5.43a 3.50 ± 1.65a 19.75 ± 3.49a

Table 2

Changes of plant species diversity indices between 2011 and 2013 in Yunqiao Wetland"

年份 Year Shannon-Wiener指数 Shannon-Wiener index 均匀度指数 Pielou index 优势度指数 Simpson index
2011 3.255 ± 0.202a 0.936 ± 0.016a 0.946 ± 0.029a
2012 3.033 ± 0.359a 0.875 ± 0.037a 0.902 ± 0.079a
2013 3.551 ± 0.195a 0.954 ± 0.008a 0.964 ± 0.015a

Fig. 4

Changes of CCmean and FQAI between 2011 and 2013 in Yunqiao Wetland"

Table S1

Assignment table of the coefficient of conservatism (CC) of pteridophytes in regional pond and floodplain wetlands containing wetland plants in Sichuan basin; http://www.biodiversity-science.net/fileup/PDF/w2014-078-1.pdf"

科名
Family name
中文名
Chinese name
拉丁名
Latin name
作者赋值CC value by authors 专家赋值平均值
Mean CC value by experts
专家赋值标准差
Standard deviation of mean CC value by experts
最终值
Final CC value
卷柏科Selaginellaceae 伏地卷柏 Selaginella nipponica 8 7.5 0.500 8
翠云草 Selaginella uncinata 8 7.8 0.433 8
水韭科 Isoetaceae
木贼科 Equisetaceae
中华水韭 Isoetes sinensis 10 9.8 0.433 10
犬问荆 Equisetum palustre 4 3.5 0.500 4
问荆 Equisetum arvense 1 1.0 0.000 1
溪木贼 Equisetum fluviatile 4 4.3 0.829 4
木贼 Equisetum hyemale 1 1.0 0.000 1
披散木贼 Equisetum diffusum 1 1.0 0.000 1
笔管草 Equisetum ramosissimum subsp. debile 1 1.0 0.000 1
节节草 Equisetum ramosissimum 1 1.0 0.000 1
紫箕科
Osmundaceae
华南紫萁 Osmunda vachellii 3 2.3 0.433 3
紫箕 Osmunda japonica 2 1.3 0.433 2
海金沙科 Lygodiaceae 海金沙 Lygodium japonicum 1 1.0 0.000 1
蚌壳蕨科 Dicksoniaceae 金毛狗 Cibotium barometz 6 6.0 0.707 6
骨碎补科Oleandracea 肾厥 Nephrolepis auriculata 7 7.3 0.433 7
铁线蕨科 Adiantaceae 铁线蕨 Adiantum capillus-veneris 2 1.5 0.500 2
扇叶铁线蕨 Adiantum flabellulatum 8 8.0 0.707 8
里白科 Gleicheniaceae 里白 Hicriopteris glauca 5 4.8 0.829 5
光里白 Hicriopteris laevissima 6 5.5 0.500 6
姬蕨科 Dennstaedtiaceae 边缘鳞盖蕨 Microlepia marginata 8 7.8 0.433 8
姬蕨 Hypolepis punctata 7 7.3 0.433 7
水蕨科 Parkeriaceae 水蕨 Ceratopteris thalictroides 10 9.8 0.433 10
蹄盖蕨科 Athyriaceae 峨眉介蕨 Dryoathyrium unifurcatum 10 9.8 0.433 10
假蹄盖蕨 Athyriopsis japonica 7 6.5 1.118 7
尖头蹄盖蕨 Athyrium vidalii 7 7.0 0.707 7
菜蕨 Callipteris esculenta 6 6.3 0.433 6
中国蕨科Sinopteridaceae 毛轴碎米蕨 Cheilosoria chusana 6 6.3 0.433 6
金星蕨科 Thelyptheridaceae 渐尖毛蕨 Cyclosorus acuminatus 7 7.0 0.707 7
延羽卵果蕨 Phegopteris decursivepinnata 5 5.3 0.433 5
沼泽蕨 Thelypteris palustris 5 5.3 0.829 5
金星蕨 Parathelypteris glanduligera 1 1.0 0.000 1
紫柄蕨 Pseudophegopteris pyrrhorachis 8 8.3 0.433 8
凤毛蕨科Pteridaceae 井栏边草 Pteris multifida 4 4.3 0.829 4
蜈蚣蕨 Pteris vittata 1 1.0 0.000 1
蕨科Pteridiaceae Pteridium aquilinum subsp. latiusculum 4 3.8 0.707 4
鳞毛蕨科 Dryopyeridaceae 稀羽鳞毛蕨 Dryopteris sparsa 1 1.0 0.000 1
倒鳞鳞毛蕨 Dryopteris reflexosquamata 8 7.5 0.707 8
乌毛蕨科 Blechnaceae 胎生狗脊蕨 Woodwardia prolifera 7 7.0 0.707 7
乌毛蕨 Blechnum orientale 9 9.2 0.707 9
球子蕨科 Onocleaceae 中华荚果蕨 Matteuccia intermedia 7 7.3 0.829 7
荚果蕨(黄果香) Matteuccia struthiopteris 7 7.3 1.090 7
满江红科 Azollaceae 满江红 Azolla pinnata subsp. asiatica 1 1 0.000 1
苹科 Marsileaceae Marsilea quadrisolia 1 1.0 0.000 1
槐叶苹科 Salviniaceae 槐叶苹 Salvinia natans 1 1.0 0.000 1

Table S2

Assignment table of the coefficient of conservatism (CC) of seed plants in regional pond and floodplain wetlands containing wetland plants in Sichuan basin; http://www.biodiversity-science.net/fileup/PDF/w2014-078-2.pdf"

科名
Family name
中文名
Chinese name
拉丁名
Latin name
作者赋值
CC value by authors
专家赋值平均值
Mean CC value by experts
专家赋值标准差
Standard deviationof mean CC valueby experts
最终值
Final CC value
杉科Taxodiaceae 水杉 Metasequoia glyptostroboides 10 10.0 0.000 10
池杉 Taxodium ascendens 0 0 0.000 0
杨柳科Salicaceae 山杨 Populus davidiana 6 6.2 0.837 6
青杨 Populus cathayana 7 6.8 0.837 7
垂柳 Salix babylonica 5 5.4 0.548 5
紫枝柳 Salix heterochroma 9 8.6 0.548 9
南川柳 Salix rosthornii 8 7.8 0.447 8
旱柳 Salix matsudana 5 5.6 0.548 6
秋华柳 Salix variegata 6 6.6 0.548 7
新紫柳 Salix neowilsonii 10 9.6 0.548 10
乌柳 Salix cheilophila 6 5.6 0.548 6
皂柳 Salix wallichiana 5 4.6 0.548 5
胡桃科Juglandaceae 湖北枫杨 Pterocarya hupehensis 9 8.6 0.548 9
枫杨 Pterocarya stenoptera 8 8.4 0.548 8
桦木科Betuleae 桤木 Alnus cremastogyne 7 7.4 0.548 7
三白草科Saururaceae 蕺菜(鱼腥草) Houttuynia cordata 1 1.0 0.000 1
裸蒴 Gymnotheca chinensis 9 9.8 0.447 10
三白草 Saururus chinensis 1 1.0 0.000 1
金粟兰科Chloranthaceae 鱼子兰 Chloranthus elatior 7 7.4 0.548 7
及已 Chloranthus serratus 8 7.8 0.447 8
草珊瑚 Sarcandra glabra 6 6.6 0.548 6
桑科Moraceae Morus alba 6 6.0 0.707 6
构树 Broussonetia papyrifera 5 5.2 0.447 5
葎草 Humulus scandens 1 1.0 0.000 1
啤酒花 Humulus lupulus 7 7.0 0.707 7
荨麻科Urticaceae 序叶苎麻 Boehmeria clidemioides var. diffusa 6 6.0 0.707 6
大叶苎麻 Boehmeria longispica 5 4.8 0.837 5
赤麻 Boehmeria silvestrii 6 6.4 0.548 6
水麻 Debregeasia orientalis 4 4.0 0.707 4
华南楼梯草 Elatostema balansae 8 7.6 0.548 8
楼梯草 Elatostema involucratum 7 7.4 0.894 7
锐齿楼梯草 Elatostema cyrtandrifolium 4 4.2 0.837 4
梨序楼梯草 Elatostema ficoides 7 6.6 0.548 7
钝叶楼梯草 Elatostema obtusum 6 5.8 0.837 6
小叶楼梯草 Elatostema parvum 7 6.8 0.837 7
宽叶楼梯草 Elatostema platyphyllum 8 7.8 0.837 8
多脉楼梯草 Elatostema pseudoficoides 8 7.8 0.447 8
庐山楼梯草 Elatostema stewardii 10 9.8 0.447 10
疣果楼梯草 Elatostema trichocarpum 8 7.6 0.548 8
红火麻 Girardinia suborbiculata subsp. triloba 8 8.4 0.548 8
糯米团 Gonostegia hirta 1 1.0 0.000 1
艾麻 Laportea cuspidata 6 6.0 0.707 6
花点草 Nanocnide japonica 1 1.0 0.000 1
毛花点草 Nanocnide lobata 1 1.0 0.000 1
蔓赤车 Pellionia scabra 7 7.2 0.837 7
大叶冷水花 Pilea martinii 6 6.0 0.707 6
冷水花 Pilea notate 1 1.0 0.000 1
粗齿冷水花 Pilea sinofasciata 5 4.6 0.894 5
雾水葛 Pouzolzia zeylanica 1 1.0 0.000 1
麻叶荨麻 Urtica cannabina 7 7.0 0.707 7
宽叶荨麻 Urtica laetevirens 7 6.8 0.837 7
狭叶荨麻 Urtica angustifolia 7 6.6 0.548 7
马兜铃科Aristolochiaceae 短尾细辛 Asarum caudigerellum 8 7.8 0.447 8
尾花细辛 Asarum caudigerum 7 7.0 0.707 7
铜钱细辛 Asarum debile 9 8.8 0.447 9
杜衡 Asarum forbesii 9 8.8 1.095 9
单叶细辛 Asarum himalaicum 8 7.4 0.548 7
马齿苋科Portulacaceae 马齿苋 Portulaca oleracea 1 1.0 0.000 1
蓼科Polygonaceae 金荞麦 Fagopyrum dibotrys 9 9.2 0.447 9
荞麦 Fagopyrum esculentum 6 5.6 0.548 6
丛枝蓼 Polygonum posumbu 4 4.2 0.837 4
萹蓄 Polygonum aviculare 1 1.0 0.000 1
圆穗蓼 Polygonum macrophyllum 1 1.2 0.447 1
毛蓼 Polygonum barbatum 1 1.0 0.000 1
头花蓼 Polygonum capitatum 2 1.6 0.548 2
火炭母 Polygonum chinense 1 1.0 0.000 1
大箭叶蓼 Polygonum darrisii 2 2.2 0.447 2
稀花蓼 Polygonum dissitiflorum 1 1.0 0.000 1
长箭叶蓼 Polygonum hastatosagittatum 2 2.2 0.837 2
水蓼 Polygonum hydropiper 1 0.8 0.447 1
蚕茧虫 Polygonum japonicum 1 0.8 0.447 1
愉悦蓼 Polygonum jucundum 1 1.4 0.894 1
酸模叶蓼 Polygonum lapathifolium 1 0.8 0.447 1
密毛酸模叶蓼 Polygonum lapathifolium var. lanatum 2 2.4 1.517 2
长鬃蓼 Polygonum longisetum 2 2.4 1.673 2
圆基长鬃蓼 Polygonum longisetum var. rotundatum 2 2.0 1.225 2
拳参 Polygonum bistorta 2 2.0 1.000 2
小蓼花 Polygonum muricatum 4 4.0 0.447 4
红蓼 Polygonum orientale 2 1.8 0.447 2
杠板归(刺犁头) Polygonum perfoliatum 1 1.0 0.000 1
习见蓼 Polygonum plebeium 1 1.4 0.548 1
伏毛蓼 Polygonum pubescens 1 1.4 0.548 1
支柱蓼 Polygonum suffultum 1 1.0 0.000 1
戟叶蓼 Polygonum thunbergii 3 2.6 0.548 3
香蓼 Polygonum viscosum 2 2.0 0.000 2
虎杖 Reynoutria japonica 1 1.0 0.000 1
水生酸模 Rumex aquaticus 2 2.0 0.000 2
羊蹄 Rumex japonicus 1 1.0 0.000 1
齿果酸模 Rumex dentatus 6 6.0 0.447 6
尼泊尔酸模 Rumex nepalensis 1 1.2 0.447 1
长刺酸模 Rumex trisetifer 7 7.2 0.447 7
藜科Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium album 1 1.0 0.000 1
细穗藜 Chenopodium gracilispicum 2 2.2 0.447 2
土荆芥 Chenopodium ambrosioides 0 0.0 0.000 0
菊叶香藜 Chenopodium foetidum 1 1.8 0.447 2
苋科Amaranthaceae 空心莲子草 Alternanthera philoxeroides 0 0.0 0.000 0
莲子草 Alternanthera sessilis 2 2.0 0.000 2
牛膝 Achyranthes bidentata 1 1.0 0.000 1
川牛膝 Cyathula officinalis 7 6.8 0.837 7
反枝苋 Amaranthus retroflexus 0 0.0 0.000 0
青葙 Celosia argentea 1 1.0 0.000 1
石竹科Caryophyllaceae 瞿麦 Dianthus superbus 4 3.8 0.837 4
荷莲豆草 Drymaria diandra 1 1.0 0.000 1
鹅肠菜 Myosoton aquaticum 4 4.2 0.447 4
拟漆姑 Spergularia salina 3 2.6 0.894 3
雀舌草 Stellaria uliginosa 1 1.0 0.000 1
牛繁缕(鹅肠菜) Myosoton aquaticum 2 1.6 0.548 2
中国繁缕 Stellaria chinensis 6 7.2 1.924 7
繁缕 Stellaria media 1 1.0 0.000 1
鸡肠繁缕 Stellaria neglecta 1 1.0 0.000 1
箐姑草 Stellaria vestita 1 1.6 0.548 2
球序卷耳 Cerastium glomeratum 1 1.2 0.447 1
睡莲科Nymphaeaceae 莼菜 Brasenia schreberi 9 9.0 0.000 9
睡莲 Nymphaea tetragona 0 4.2 1.140 0
齿叶睡莲 Nymphaea lotus 7 7.4 0.894 7
黄睡莲 Nymphaea mexicana 7 6.8 0.447 7
白睡莲 Nymphaea alba 7 6.8 0.447 7
芡实 Euryale ferox 4 3.8 0.837 4
中华萍蓬草 Nuphar sinensis 10 9.6 0.548 10
Nelumbo nucifera 8 9.4 0.894 9
金鱼藻科Ceratophyllaceae 金鱼藻 Ceratophyllum demersum 1 1.0 0.000 1
毛茛科Ranunculaceae 打破碗花花 Anemone hupehensis 2 3.6 1.140 4
草玉梅 Anemone rivularis 7 7.2 0.837 7
驴蹄草 Caltha palustris 4 4.2 0.447 4
禺毛茛 Ranunculus cantoniensis 1 1.0 0.000 1
毛茛 Ranunculus japonicus 1 1.0 0.000 1
长茎毛茛 Ranunculus nephelogenes var. longicaulis 7 7.0 0.707 7
茴茴蒜 Ranunculus chinensis 6 6.0 0.447 6
西南毛茛 Ranunculus ficariifolius 6 6.4 0.447 6
石龙芮 Ranunculus sceleratus 1 1.0 0.000 1
扬子毛茛 Ranunculus sieboldii 1 1.0 0.000 1
小金莲花 Trollius pumilus 9 8.8 0.447 9
小檗科Berberidaceae 六角莲 Dysosma pleiantha 7 7.4 1.140 7
八角莲 Dysosma versipellis 9 9.8 0.447 10
桃儿七 Sinopodophyllum hexandrum 10 9.8 0.447 10
罂粟科Papaveraceae 圆萼紫堇 Corydalis amplisepala var. cristata 10 10.0 1.000 10
穆坪紫堇 Corydalis flexuosa 7 7.4 0.548 7
小花宽瓣黄堇 Corydalis giraldii 7 7.4 0.894 7
平武紫堇 Corydalis pingwuensis 7 7.4 0.894 7
穆坪紫堇 Corydalis flexuosa 8 8.7 0.548 8
地锦苗 Corydalis sheareri 7 7.0 0.707 7
血水草 Eomecon chionantha 6 5.8 0.447 6
荷青花 Hylomecon japonica 6 6.2 0.837 6
十字花科Cruciferae 鼠耳芥 Arabidopsis thaliana 1 1.0 0.000 1
独行菜 Lepidium apetalum 1 1.0 0.000 1
田芥菜 Brassica kaber 0 0.0 0.000 0
光头山碎米荠 Cardamine engleriana 3 2.6 0.548 3
细子蔊菜 Rorippa cantoniensis 1 1.0 0.000 1
弹裂碎米荠 Cardamine impatiens 1 1.0 0.000 1
水田碎米荠 Cardamine lyrata 1 1.0 0.000 1
碎米荠 Cardamine hirsute 1 1.0 0.000 1
播娘蒿 Descurainia sophia 1 1.0 0.000 1
广州蔊菜 Rorippa cantoniensis 2 2.2 0.447 2
无瓣蔊菜 Rorippa dubia 1 1.0 0.000 1
风花菜 Rorippa globosa 2 1.8 0.447 2
蔊菜 Rorippa indica 1 1.0 0.000 1
细子蔊菜 Rorippa cantoniensis 1 1.0 0.000 1
垂果大蒜芥 Sisymbrium heteromallum 6 6.4 1.342 6
虎耳草科Saxifragaceae 扯根菜 Penthorum chinense 1 1.0 0.000 1
草玉梅 Anemone rivularis 3 3.2 0.447 3
沼地虎耳草 Saxifraga heleonastes 3 3.0 0.707 3
虎耳草 Saxifrage stolonifera 5 5.2 0.447 5
四川溲疏 Deutzia setchuenensis 8 7.6 0.894 8
黄水枝 Tiarella polyphylla 5 4.6 0.548 5
蔷薇科Rosaceae 火棘 Pyracantha fortuneana 3 3.4 0.894 3
蛇莓 Duchesnea indica 1 1.0 0.000 1
黄花草莓 Fragaria nilgerrensis 6 6.0 1.000 6
小叶蛇莓 Duchesnea indica var. microphylla 6 5.6 0.894 6
路边青 Geum aleppicum 2 4.2 2.588 4
柔毛路边青 Geum japonicum var. chinense 6 6.2 0.837 6
蛇莓委陵菜 Potentilla centigrana 1 1.0 0.000 1
二裂委陵菜 Potentilla bifurca 1 1.0 0.000 1
蕨麻 Potentilla anserina 1 1.0 0.000 1
金露梅 Potentilla fruticosa 0 1.8 1.095 2
三叶委陵菜 Potentilla freyniana 7 7.0 0.707 7
朝天委陵菜 Potentilla supina 1 1.0 0.000 1
匍匐委陵菜 Potentilla reptans 1 1.0 0.000 1
等齿委陵菜 Potentilla simulatrix 6 6.4 1.342 6
蛇含委陵菜 Potentilla kleiniana 1 1.0 0.000 1
西南委陵菜 Potentilla lineata 6 5.6 0.894 6
银叶委陵菜 Potentilla leuconota 5 5.2 0.837 5
矮地榆 Sanguisorba filiformis 6 5.6 1.342 6
地榆 Sanguisorba officinalis 6 6.4 0.548 6
马蹄黄 Spenceria ramalana 9 9.8 0.447 10
豆科Leguminosae 紫云英 Astragalus sinicus 1 1.0 0.000 1
鸡眼草 Kummerowia striata 1 1.0 0.000 1
百脉根 Lotus corniculatus 1 1.0 0.000 1
天蓝苜蓿 Medicago lupulina 1 1.0 0.000 1
草木犀 Melilotus officinalis 1 2.0 0.837 2
野大豆 Glycine soja 3 3.2 0.837 3
红车轴草 Trifolium pratense 0 0.0 0.000 0
白车轴草 Trifolium repens 0 0.0 0.000 0
广布野豌豆 Vicia cracca 1 1.0 0.000 1
救荒野豌豆 Vicia sativa 1 1.0 0.000 1
窄叶野豌豆 Vicia angustifolia 4 4.4 1.140 4
川西锦鸡儿 Caragana erinacea 7 6.8 0.447 7
合萌 Aeschynomene indica 1 1.0 0.000 1
酢浆草科Oxalidaceae 酢浆草 Oxalis corniculata 0 1.7 0.894 1
红花酢浆草(铜锤草) Oxalis corymbosa 0 0.0 0.000 0
大戟科Euphorbiaceae 海蚌含珠(铁苋菜) Acalypha australis 1 1.0 0.000 1
叶下珠 Phyllanthus urinaria 6 6.4 0.894 6
斑地锦 Euphorbia maculata 0 0.0 0.000 0
甘青大戟 Euphorbia micractina 5 4.6 0.548 5
地锦 Euphorbia humifusa 3 1.6 0.548 2
马桑科Coriariaceae 马桑 Coriaria nepalensis 2 2.6 0.548 3
凤仙花科Balsaminaceae 短柄凤仙花 Impatiens brevipes 10 9.8 0.707 10
黄金凤 Impatiens siculifer 7 6.6 0.548 7
齿萼凤仙花 Impatiens dicentra 4 4.0 1.000 4
柳叶菜状凤仙花 Impatiens epilobioides 7 6.8 0.837 7
菱叶凤仙花 Impatiens rhombifolia 10 9.6 0.548 10
葡萄科Vitaceae 三裂叶蛇葡萄 Ampelopsis delavayana 6 7.2 0.837 7
大叶乌蔹莓 Cayratia albifolia 6 7.4 0.894 7
乌蔹梅 Cayratia japonica 1 1.0 0.000 1
藤黄科Guttiferae 黄海棠 Hypericum ascyron 1 2.0 0.707 2
地耳草 Hypericum japonicum 1 1.8 0.447 2
单花遍地金 Hypericum monanthemum 7 7.2 0.447 7
金丝梅 Hypericum patulum 1 2.0 0.707 2
椴树科Tiliaceae 田麻 Corchoropsis tomentosa 1 1.0 0.000 1
锦葵科Malvaceae 野西瓜苗 Hibiscus trionum 0 0.0 0.000 0
苘麻 Abutilon theophrasti 1 1.0 0.000 1
柽柳科Tamaricaceae 柽柳 Tamarix chinensis 5 5.6 1.140 6
疏花水柏枝 Myricaria laxiflora 5 5.2 0.837 5
堇菜科Violaceae 鸡腿堇菜 Viola acuminata 3 2.8 0.837 3
千屈菜科Lythraceae 耳基水苋 Ammannia auriculata 7 7.0 0.707 7
千屈菜 Lythrum salicaria 1 1.0 0.000 1
圆叶节节菜 Rotala rotundifolia 1 1.0 0.000 1
节节菜 Rotala indica 1 1.0 0.000 1
菱科Trapaceae Trapa bispinosa 1 1.0 0.000 1
丘角菱 Trapa japonica 6 6.2 1.304 6
乌菱 Trapa bicornis 8 7.8 0.837 8
细果野菱 Trapa incisa 1 1.0 0.000 1
野菱(变种) Trapa incisa var. quadricaudata 6 5.6 0.894 6
四角刻叶菱 Trapa incisa 6 5.8 0.837 6
四角矮菱 Trapa natans var. pumila 4 4.4 1.140 4
柳叶菜科Onagraceae 柳叶菜 Epilobium hirsutum 1 1.0 0.000 1
长籽柳叶菜 Epilobium pyrricholophum 6 5.6 0.894 6
短梗柳叶菜 Epilobium royleanum 7 7.4 0.548 7
毛脉柳叶菜 Epilobium amurense 6 6.0 0.707 6
假柳叶菜 Ludwigia epilobiloides 7 6.6 0.894 7
锐齿柳叶菜 Epilobium kermodei 5 5.2 0.548 5
黄花水龙 Ludwigia peploides subsp. stipulacea 6 6.4 0.548 6
小二仙草科Haloragidaceae 狐尾藻(轮叶狐尾藻) Myriophyllum verticillatum 1 1.0 0.000 1
粉绿狐尾藻 Myriophyllum aquaticum 0 0.0 0.000 0
伞形科Umbelliferae 蛇床 Cnidium monnieri 1 1.0 0.000 1
鸭儿芹 Cryptotaenia japonica 6 5.6 0.894 6
天胡荽 Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides 1 0.8 0.447 1
破铜钱 Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides var. batrachaum 1 0.8 0.447 1
肾叶天胡荽 Hydrocotyle wilfordii 5 5.0 1.000 5
红马蹄芹 Hydrocotyle nepalensis 5 5.4 0.894 5
积雪草 Centella asiatica 4 3.8 0.837 4
短辐水芹 Oenanthe benghalensis 1 1.0 0.000 1
水芹 Oenanthe javanica 1 1.0 0.000 1
卵叶水芹 Oenanthe javanica subsp. rosthornii 6 5.6 1.140 6
中华水芹 Oenanthe sinensis 6 5.8 1.304 6
西南水芹 Oenanthe dielsii 5 6.0 1.000 6
蒙自水芹 Oenanthe linearis subsp. rivularis 6 6.2 0.837 6
线叶水芹 Oenanthe linearis 4 4.2 0.447 4
泽芹 Sium suave 7 7.2 0.447 7
窃衣 Torilis scabra 6 6.2 0.837 6
直刺变豆菜 Sanicula orthacantha 4 4.2 0.837 4
马钱科Loganiaceae 醉鱼草 Buddleja lindleyana 3 3.2 0.447 3
密蒙花 Buddleja officinalis 6 6.2 0.837 6
报春花科Primulaceae 泽珍珠菜 Lysimachia candida 1 1.0 0.000 1
细梗香草 Lysimachia capillipes 5 5.4 0.894 5
临时救 Lysimachia congestiflora 1 2.0 0.707 2
小叶珍珠菜 Lysimachia parvifolia 3 2.6 0.894 3
峨眉过路黄 Lysimachia omeiensis 7 7.2 0.837 7
显苞过路黄 Lysimachia rubiginosa 2 3.6 1.140 4
过路黄 Lysimachia christinae 1 1.0 0.000 1
腺药珍珠菜 Lysimachia stenosepala 10 9.6 0.548 10
水茴草 Samolus valerandi 6 7.0 0.707 7
龙胆科Gentianaceae 灰绿龙胆 Gentiana yokusai 1 2.0 1.000 2
假水生龙胆 Gentiana pseudoaquatica 2 1.8 0.837 2
达乌里秦艽 Gentiana dahurica 2 2.2 0.837 2
麻花艽 Gentiana straminea 1 1.2 0.447 1
弱小龙胆 Gentiana exigua 7 7.2 0.837 7
扁蕾 Gentianopsis barbata 2 2.4 0.548 2
大花扁蕾 Gentianopsis grandis 6 6.0 0.707 6
湿生扁蕾 Gentianopsis paludosa 3 3.4 0.894 3
椭圆叶花锚 Halenia elliptica 4 3.6 0.894 4
大花花锚 Halenia elliptica var. grandiflora 4 3.6 0.548 4
獐牙菜 Swertia bimaculata 5 4.6 0.894 5
川东獐牙菜 Swertia davidii 8 7.6 0.548 8
川西獐牙菜 Swertia mussotii 7 6.8 0.837 7
华北獐牙菜 Swertia wolfgangiana 4 4.2 1.095 4
金银莲花 Nymphoides indica 5 4.8 0.837 5
水皮莲 Nymphoides cristatum 5 4.4 0.548 4
荇菜 Nymphoides peltatum 5 4.6 0.894 5
茜草科Rubiaceae 拉拉藤 Galium aparine var. echinospermum 1 1.0 0.000 1
鸡屎藤 Paederia scandens 5 5.0 1.000 5
猪殃殃 Galium aparine var.tenerum 1 1.0 0.000 1
沼猪殃殃 Galium uliginosum 2 1.8 0.447 2
沼生拉拉藤 Galium palustre 1 1.8 0.447 2
蓬子菜 Galium verum 1 1.0 0.000 1
伞房花耳草 Hedyotis corymbosa 1 1.0 0.000 1
薄叶新耳草 Neanotis hirsuta 8 7.8 0.837 8
水马齿科Callitrichaceae 沼生水马齿 Callitriche palustris 1 1.0 0.000 1
水马齿 Callitriche stagnalis 1 1.0 0.000 1
旋花科Convolvulaceae 打碗花 Calystegia hederacea 1 1.0 0.000 1
圆叶牵牛 Pharbitis purpurea 0 0.0 0.000 0
牵牛花 Pharbitis nil 4 4.2 0.837 4
蕹菜 Ipomoea aquatica 5 5.4 1.140 5
菟丝子 Cuscuta chinensis 1 1.0 0.000 1
紫草科Boraginaceae 湿地勿忘草 Myosotis caespitosa 6 5.6 0.548 6
多花附地菜 Trigonotis floribunda 9 9.2 0.837 9
西南附地菜 Trigonotis cavaleriei 8 8.0 0.707 8
附地菜 Trigonotis peduncularis 0 1.0 0.447 1
马鞭草科Verbenaceae 马鞭草 Verbena officinalis 6 5.8 0.837 6
臭牡丹 Clerodendrum bungei 7 7.2 0.837 7
过江藤 Phyla nodiflora 4 3.8 0.837 4
唇形科Labiatae 筋骨草 Ajuga ciliata 1 1.0 0.000 1
金疮小草 Ajuga decumbens 6 6.4 1.140 6
细风轮菜 Clinopodium gracile 4 3.8 0.837 4
紫苏 Perilla frutescens 4 4.0 1.000 4
薄荷 Mentha haplocalyx 1 1.0 0.000 1
糙苏 Phlomis umbrosa 4 3.8 0.837 4
荔枝草 Salvia plebeia 4 5.4 0.894 5
水棘针 Amethystea caerulea 1 1.0 0.000 1
夏枯草 Prunella vulgaris 6 6.2 0.837 6
水香薷 Elsholtzia kachinensis 4 6.0 1.225 6
长毛香薷 Elsholtzia pilosa 6 5.6 0.548 6
活血丹 Glechoma longituba 1 1.0 0.000 1
地笋 Lycopus lucidus 1 1.0 0.000 1
硬毛地笋 Lycopus lucidus var. hirtus 4 4.0 0.707 4
少花荠苎 Mosla pauciflora 6 6.0 1.225 6
荔枝草 Salvia plebeia 1 2.0 0.707 2
鼠尾草 Salvia japonica 1 1.0 0.000 1
半枝莲 Scutellaria barbata 2 2.0 0.000 2
针筒菜 Stachys oblongifolia 3 3.0 1.000 3
甘露子 Stachys sieboldii 5 5.4 0.894 5
水苏 Stachys japonica 2 2.2 0.837 2
西南水苏 Stachys kouyangensis 2 2.0 0.000 2
茄科Solanaceae 刺天茄 Solanum indicum 1 1.0 0.000 1
珊瑚樱 Solanum pseudocapsicum 6 6.0 0.707 6
白英 Solanum lyratum 1 1.0 0.000 1
龙葵 Solanum nigrum 1 1.0 0.000 1
玄参科Scrophulariaceae 假马齿苋 Bacopa monnieri 0 0.8 0.548 0
肉果草 Lancea tibetica 1 1.0 0.000 1
大叶石龙尾 Limnophila rugosa 4 3.6 0.894 4
石龙尾 Limnophila sessiliflora 1 1.0 0.000 1
长蒴母草 Lindernia anagallis 1 1.0 0.000 1
母草 Lindernia crustacea 1 1.0 0.000 1
泥花草 Lindernia antipoda 1 1.0 0.000 1
陌上菜 Lindernia procumbens 1 1.0 0.000 1
通泉草 Mazus japonicus 1 1.0 0.000 1
四川沟酸浆 Mimulus szechuanensis 3 2.6 0.548 3
沟酸浆 Mimulus tenellus 1 1.0 0.000 1
尼泊尔沟酸浆 Mimulus tenellus var. nepalensis 2 2.4 0.548 2
水茫草 Limosella aquatica 5 5.6 0.894 6
北水苦荬 Veronica anagallis-aquatica 1 1.0 0.000 1
水苦荬 Veronica undulata 1 1.0 0.000 1
多枝婆婆纳 Veronica javanica 5 4.8 0.837 5
阿拉伯婆婆纳 Veronica persica 1 1.0 0.000 1
华中婆婆纳 Veronica henryi 5 5.2 0.837 5
四川婆婆纳 Veronica szechuanica 7 6.6 0.894 7
西南蝴蝶草 Torenia cordifolia 9 9.4 0.548 9
狸藻科Lentibulariaceae 南方狸藻 Utricularia australis 1 1.0 0.000 1
圆叶挖耳草 Utricularia striatula 6 5.6 0.548 6
黄花狸藻 Utricularia aurea 1 1.0 0.000 1
狸藻 Utricularia vulgaris 1 1.0 0.000 1
爵床科Acanthaceae 水蓑衣 Hygrophila salicifolia 1 1.0 0.000 1
密花孩儿草 Rungia densiflora 9 9.6 0.548 10
车前科Plantaginaceae 车前 Plantago asiatica 1 1.0 0.000 1
疏花车前 Plantago asiatica subsp. erosa 1 1.6 0.548 2
平车前 Plantago depressa 1 1.0 0.000 1
北美车前 Plantago virginica 0 0.0 0.000 0
大车前 Plantago major 1 1.0 0.000 1
忍冬科Caprifoliaceae 接骨草 Sambucus chinensis 2 1.8 0.447 2
桔梗科Campanulaceae 半边莲 Lobelia chinensis 1 1.0 0.000 1
菊科 Compositae 和尚菜 Adenocaulon himalaicum 4 4.0 0.707 4
苍耳 Xanthium sibiricum 1 1.0 0.000 1
小鱼眼草 Dichrocephala benthamii 5 3.4 1.140 3
下田菊 Adenostemma lavenia 1 1.0 0.000 1
下田菊宽叶变种 Adenostemma lavenia var. latifolium 4 3.6 0.894 4
豚草 Ambrosia artemisiifolia 0 0.0 0.000 0
加拿大一枝黄花 Solidago canadensis 0 0.0 0.000 0
藿香蓟 Ageratum conyzoides 0 0.0 0.000 0
蒌蒿 Artemisia selengensis 4 4.4 0.894 4
白莲蒿 Artemisia sacrorum 4 4.2 0.837 4
Artemisia argyi 3 3.2 0.837 3
白苞蒿 Artemisia lactiflora 5 5.0 0.000 5
奇蒿 Artemisia anomala 4 4.0 1.000 4
大籽蒿(白蒿) Artemisia sieversiana 1 1.0 0.000 1
牛尾蒿 Artemisia dubia 3 3.4 0.548 3
野艾蒿 Artemisia lavandulifolia 1 1.0 0.000 1
钻形紫菀 Aster subulatus 0 0.0 0.000 0
峨眉紫菀 Aster veitchianus 7 7.0 0.707 7
鼠麴草 Gnaphalium affine 1 1.2 0.707 1
小飞蓬(小白酒草) Conyza canadensis 0 0.0 0.000 0
辣子草 Galinsoga parviflora 0 0.0 0.000 0
狼杷草 Bidens tripartita 1 1.0 0.000 1
大狼把草 Bidens frondosa 0 0.0 0.000 0
鬼针草 Bidens pilosa 1 1.0 0.000 1
节毛飞廉 Carduus acanthoides 3 3.0 0.707 3
天名精 Carpesium abrotanoides 1 1.0 0.000 1
牛口刺 Cirsium shansiense 4 4.0 0.707 4
茼蒿 Chrysanthemum coronarium 0 0.0 0.000 0
野茼蒿 Crassocephalum crepidioides 4 4.4 0.894 4
鳢肠 Eclipta prostrata 1 1.0 0.000 1
白头婆 Eupatorium japonicum 4 4.4 1.342 4
白头婆三裂叶 Eupatorium japonicum var. tripartitum 6 6.0 0.707 6
红凤菜 Gynura bicolor 7 7.0 0.707 7
泥胡菜 Hemisteptia lyrata 2 2.2 0.837 2
马兰 Kalimeris indica 1 1.0 0.000 1
蜂斗菜 Petasites japonicus 6 5.6 1.140 6
毛裂蜂斗菜 Petasites tricholobus 6 6.6 0.894 7
翅果菊 Pterocypsela indica 4 4.4 0.894 4
散生千里光 Senecio exul 3 3.4 0.894 3
千里光 Senecio scandens 1 1.0 0.000 1
腺梗豨莶 Siegesbeckia pubescens 1 1.6 0.894 1
无腺腺梗豨莶 Siegesbeckia pubescens f. eglandulosa 5 5.0 1.000 5
苦苣菜 Sonchus oleraceus 0 0.0 0.000 0
苣荬菜 Sonchus arvensis 1 1.0 0.000 1
全叶苦苣菜 Sonchus transcaspicus 7 6.8 0.837 7
亚洲蒲公英 Taraxacum asiaticum 5 5.0 0.000 5
蒲公英 Taraxacum mongolicum 1 1.0 0.000 1
狗舌草 Tephroseris kirilowii 0 0.0 0.000 0
黄鹌菜 Youngia japonica 6 5.6 0.894 6
款冬 Tussilago farfara 6 6.0 0.707 6
山蟛蜞菊 Wedelia wallichii 7 6.4 1.342 6
香蒲科Typhaceae 水烛 Typha angustifolia 1 1.0 0.000 1
宽叶香蒲 Typha latifolia 1 1.0 0.000 1
小香蒲 Typha minima 4 5.0 0.707 5
香蒲 Typha orientalis 1 1.0 0.000 1
无苞香蒲 Typha laxmannii 4 4.6 0.548 5
长苞香蒲 Typha angustata 1 1.0 0.000 1
黑三棱科Sparganiaceae 黑三棱 Sparganium stoloniferum 1 1.0 0.000 1
眼子菜科Potamogetonaceae 菹草 Potamogeton crispus 0 0.8 0.447 1
眼子菜 Potamogeton distinctus 1 0.8 0.447 1
微齿眼子菜 Potamogeton maackianus 1 1.0 0.000 1
光叶眼子菜 Potamogeton lucens 3 2.2 0.447 2
小叶眼子菜 Potamogeton cristatus 2 2.0 0.000 2
篦齿眼子菜 Potamogeton pectinatus 1 1.0 0.000 1
小眼子菜 Potamogeton pusillus 1 0.8 0.447 1
竹叶眼子菜 Potamogeton malaianus 1 0.8 0.447 1
水麦冬 Triglochin palustre 1 0.8 0.447 1
海韭菜 Triglochin maritimum 1 0.8 0.447 1
角果藻 Zannichellia palustris 2 1.8 0.447 2
泽泻科Alismataceae 东方泽泻 Alisma orientale 3 3.0 0.707 3
泽泻 Alisma plantago-aquatica 1 1.0 0.000 1
窄叶泽泻 Alisma canaliculatum 1 1.0 0.000 1
矮慈姑 Sagittaria pygmaea 1 1.0 0.000 1
野慈姑 Sagittaria trifolia 1 1.0 0.000 1
剪刀草 Sagittaria trifolia var. trifolia f. longiloba 1 1.0 0.000 1
慈姑 Sagittaria trifolia var. sinensis 5 4.8 0.837 5
水鳖科Hydrocharitaceae 黑藻 Hydrilla verticillata 1 0.8 0.447 1
水鳖 Hydrocharis dubia 2 0.8 0.447 1
水车前(龙舌兰) Ottelia alismoides 1 0.8 0.447 1
海菜花 Ottelia acuminata 9 9.8 0.447 10
波叶海菜花 Ottelia acuminata var. crispa 9 9.8 0.447 10
苦草 Vallisneria natans 1 0.8 0.447 1
无尾水筛 Blyxa aubertii 1 0.8 0.447 1
有尾水筛 Blyxa echinosperma 1 0.8 0.447 1
禾本科Gramineae 长花剪股颖 Agrostis hookeriana 2 2.0 0.707 2
台湾剪股颖 Agrostis canina var. formosana 2 1.6 0.548 2
小糠草 Agrostis alba 1 1.6 0.894 2
棒头草 Polypogon fugax 1 1.0 0.000 1
看麦娘 Alopecurus aequalis 1 1.0 0.000 1
荩草 Arthraxon hispidus 1 1.0 0.000 1
矛叶荩草 Arthraxon lanceolatus 1 1.0 0.000 1
芦竹 Arundo donax 1 1.0 0.000 1
车筒竹 Bambusa sinospinosa 6 6.4 0.548 6
菵草 Beckmannia syzigachne 4 3.6 0.894 4
雀麦 Bromus japonicus 1 1.0 0.000 1
小丽草 Coelachne simpliciuscula 0 0.8 0.447 1
薏苡 Colix lacryma-jobi 5 4.6 0.894 5
水生薏苡 Coix aquatica 7 6.8 0.837 7
野青茅 Deyeuxia arundinacea 4 4.2 1.304 4
长芒稗 Echinochloa caudata 1 1.4 0.894 1
光头稗 Echinochloa colonum 2 2.0 0.707 2
Echinochloa crusgalli 0 1.4 0.894 1
无芒稗 Echinochloa crusgalli var. mitis 2 2.0 2.236 2
西来稗 Echinochloa crusgalli var. zelayensis 4 4.0 1.414 4
硬稃稗 Echinochloa glabrescens 2 2.0 2.236 2
水田稗 Echinochloa oryzoides 4 4.2 1.643 4
狗牙根 Cynodon dactylon 3 1.6 0.894 2
牛筋草 Eleusine indica 0 0.8 0.447 1
乱草 Eragrostis japonica 1 1.0 0.000 1
甜茅 Glyceria acutiflora subsp. japonica 1 1.0 0.000 1
牛鞭草 Hemarthria sibirica 2 1.8 0.837 2
扁穗牛鞭草 Hemarthria compressa 5 4.8 1.483 5
白茅 Imperata cylindrica 0 1.3 0.548 0
丝茅 Imperata koenigii 1 0.8 0.447 1
李氏禾 Leersia hexandra 3 2.8 0.447 3
假稻 Leersia japonica 1 1.0 0.000 1
虮子草 Leptochloa panicea 1 1.0 0.000 1
千金子 Leptochloa chinensis 1 1.0 0.000 1
刚莠竹 Microstegium ciliatum 7 7.0 0.707 7
Oryza sativa 4 4.0 4.123 4
圆果雀稗 Paspalum orbiculare 1 1.0 0.000 1
雀稗 Paspalum thunbergii 1 1.0 0.000 1
双穗雀稗 Paspalum paspaloides 3 2.8 0.447 3
水竹 Phyllostachys heteroclada 4 4.6 0.894 5
芦苇 Phragmites australis 1 1.0 0.000 1
卡开芦 Phragmites karka 2 2.4 0.548 2
早熟禾 Poa annua 1 1.0 0.000 1
法氏早熟禾 Poa faberi 2 2.2 0.447 2
金丝草 Pogonatherum crinitum 1 1.0 0.000 1
金发草 Pogonatherum paniceum 4 4.4 1.140 4
Triarrhena sacchariflora 4 3.6 0.894 4
斑茅 Saccharum arundiaceum 3 3.6 0.894 4
甜根子草 Saccharum spontaneum 4 4.0 1.414 4
白草 Pennisetum centrasiaticum 1 1.0 0.000 1
狼尾草 Pennisetum alopecuroides 1 1.0 0.000 1
鼠尾粟 Sporobolus fertilis 5 5.4 1.140 5
野黍 Eriochloa villosa 1 1.0 0.000 1
假俭草 Eremochloa ophiuroides 1 1.0 0.000 1
菰(茭笋) Zizania latifolia 1 1.0 0.000 1
莎草科Cyperaceae 风车草 Cyperus alternifolius subsp. flabelliformis 1 1.2 0.447 1
畦畔莎草 Cyperus haspan 1 1.0 0.000 1
扁穗莎草 Cyperus compressus 1 1.0 0.000 1
异型莎草 Cyperus difformis 1 1.0 0.000 1
碎米莎草 Cyperus iria 1 1.0 0.000 1
短叶茳芏 Cyperus malaccensis subsp. monophyllus 1 1.4 0.548 1
具芒碎米莎草 Cyperus microiria 2 2.0 0.707 2
垂穗莎草 Cyperus nutans 2 1.8 0.447 2
白花毛轴莎草 Cyperus pilosus var. obliquus 2 1.4 0.548 1
香附子 Cyperus rotundus 1 1.0 0.000 1
水莎草 Juncellus serotinus 1 1.0 0.000 1
花穗水莎草 Juncellus pannonicus 1 1.6 0.548 2
紫果蔺 Eleocharis atropurpurea 1 1.0 0.000 1
渐尖穗荸荠 Eleocharis attenuata 1 1.0 0.000 1
无刚毛荸荠 Heleocharis kamtschatica f. reducta 1 2.0 0.707 2
荸荠 Eleocharis dulcis 1 1.0 0.000 1
透明鳞荸荠 Eleocharis pellucida 1 1.0 0.000 1
具刚毛荸荠 Eleocharis valleculosa var. setosa 1 1.6 0.548 2
牛毛毡 Eleocharis yokoscensis 1 1.0 0.000 1
野荸荠 Heleocharis plantagineiformis 1 1.0 0.000 1
丛毛羊胡子草 Eriophorum comosum 7 7.4 0.548 7
夏飘拂草 Fimbristylis aestivalis 1 1.0 0.000 1
复序飘拂草 Fimbristylis bisumbellata 0 2.2 1.304 2
扁鞘飘拂草 Fimbristylis complanata 6 5.6 0.894 6
扁鞘飘拂草(变种) Fimbristylis complanata var. complanata 5 5.2 1.304 5
宜昌飘拂草 Fimbristylis henryi 1 1.0 0.000 1
水蜈蚣 Kyllinga brevifolia 1 1.0 0.000 1
无刺鳞水蜈蚣 Kyllinga brevifolia var. leiolepis 6 6.2 0.837 6
单穗水蜈蚣 Kyllinga monocephala 1 1.0 0.000 1
砖子苗 Mariscus umbellatus 1 1.0 0.000 1
密穗砖子苗 Mariscus umbellatus var. microstachys 3 2.4 0.548 2
球穗扁莎 Pycreus globosus 1 1.0 0.000 1
扁穗莎草 Cyperus compressus 1 1.0 0.000 1
刺子莞 Rhynchospora rubra 1 1.8 0.837 2
萤蔺 Scirpus juncoides 1 1.0 0.000 1
扁杆藨草 Scirpus planiculmis 2 2.2 0.447 2
红鳞水毛花 Scirpus mucronatus subsp. Sanguineus 8 8.0 1.000 8
水毛花 Scirpus mucronatus subsp. robustus 6 5.2 0.837 5
水葱 Scirpus tabernaemontani 1 1.0 0.000 1
藨草 Scirpus triqueter 1 1.0 0.000 1
姜科Zingiberaceae 舞花姜 Globba racemosa 7 7.0 0.707 7
四川山姜(箭杆风) Alpinia sichuanensis 5 4.6 0.894 5
景天科Crassulaceae 凹叶景天 Sedum emarginatum 1 1.0 0.000 1
佛甲草 Sedum lineare 1 1.0 0.000 1
马兜玲科Aristolochiaceae 杜衡 Asarum forbesii 8 8.2 0.837 8
百合科Liliaceae 弯蕊开口箭 Tupistra wattii 7 7.2 0.447 7
天南星科Araceae 菖蒲 Acorus calamus 1 1.0 0.000 1
一把伞南星 Arisaema erubescens 1 1.0 0.000 1
Colocasia esculenta 7 6.6 0.894 7
紫芋 Colocasia tonoimo 6 6.4 0.548 6
野芋 Colocasia antiquorum 7 7.6 0.548 8
尖尾芋 Alocasia cucullata 8 8.4 0.548 8
大薸 Pistia stratiotes 0 0.000 1
独角莲 Typhonium giganteum 1 1.0 0.000 1
浮萍科Lemnaceae 紫萍 Spirodela polyrrhiza 1 1.0 0.000 1
浮萍 Lemna minor 1 1.0 0.000 1
谷精草科Eriocaulaceae 白药谷精草 Eriocaulon cinereum 1 1.0 0.000 1
老谷精草 Eriocaulon senile 7 6.2 0.837 6
谷精草 Eriocaulon buergerianum 1 1.0 0.000 1
鸭跖草科Commelinaceae 饭包草 Commelina bengalensis 1 1.0 0.000 1
鸭跖草 Commelina communis 1 1.0 0.000 1
聚花草 Floscopa scandens 8 8.0 0.000 8
裸花水竹叶 Murdannia nudiflora 1 1.0 0.000 1
水竹叶 Murdannia triquetra 1 1.0 0.000 1
灯心草科Juncaceae 笄石菖 Juncus prismatocarpus 1 1.0 0.000 1
雨久花科Pontederiaceae 凤眼莲 Eichhornia crassipes 0 0.0 0.000 0
鸭舌草 Monochoia vaginalis 1 1.0 0.000 1
梭鱼草 Pontederia cordata 0 0.0 0.000 0
薤白 Allium macrostemon 1 1.0 0.000 1
短药沿阶草 Ophiopogon angustifoliatus 7 7.2 0.837 7
连药沿阶草 Ophiopogon bockianus 7 8.2 0.837 8
沿阶草 Ophiopogon bodinieri 5 5.4 0.894 5
间型沿阶草 Ophiopogon intermedius 6 6.0 1.225 6
四川沿阶草 Ophiopogon szechuanensis 7 7.2 1.483 7
扇形鸢尾 Iris wattii 6 6.4 1.140 6
鸢尾 Iris tectorum 3 5.8 1.643 6
黄花鸢尾 Iris wilsonii 9 9.3 0.447 9
扁竹兰 Iris confusa 2 5.4 2.074 5
美人蕉科Cannaceae 美人蕉 Canna indica 0 0.0 0.000 0
竹芋科Marantaceae 水竹芋(再力花) Thalia dealbata 0 0.0 0.000 0
商陆科Phytolaccaceae 垂序商陆 Phytolacca americana 0 0.0 1.000 0

Table S3

List of specialists http://www.biodiversity-science.net/fileup/PDF/w2014-078-3.pdf"

姓名 职称 学历 单位 研究方向
罗鹏 研究员 博士 中国科学院成都生物研究所 民族植物学、高山生态学
唐荣华 高级工程师 博士 四川省林业厅湿地管理中心 湿地植物学、湿地保护与恢复
潘远智 教授 博士 四川农业大学园林生态所 植物学、观赏园艺
杨万勤 教授 博士 四川农业大学林业生态研究所 亚高山/高山生态学、植物生态学
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[37] .Miller SJ, Wardrop DH (2006) Adapting the floristic quality assessment index to indicate anthropogenic disturbance in central Pennsylvania wetlands. Ecological Indicators, 6, 313-326.
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[40] .Mitsch WJ, Wang N, Zhang L, Deal R, Wu XB, Zuwerink A (2005) Using Ecological Indicators in a Whole-Ecosystem Wetland Experiment, p. 211-235. Handbook of Ecological Indicators for Assessment of Ecosystem Health. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
[41] .O’Connor RJ, Walls TE, Hughes RM (2000) Using multiple taxonomic groups to index the ecological condition of lakes. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 61, 207-228.
[42] .Peng SL (彭少麟) (2007) Restoration Ecology (恢复生态学). China Meteorological Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[43] .Poling TC, Banker MG, Jablonski LM (2003) Quadrat-level floristic quality index reflects shifts in composition of a restored tallgrass prairie (Ohio). Ecological Restoration, 21, 134-145.
[44] .Qi WQ (祁文权) (2012) The First Natural Wetland Within Headwater Areas will be Establish and Open in Sichuan Province (全省首个饮用水水源保护区域内的天然湿地建成并对外开放).(in Chinese)
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