Biodiversity Science ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (4): 462-474.doi: 10.17520/biods.2015251

Special Issue: Plant Diversity in the Dry Valleys of Southwest China

• Reviews • Previous Article     Next Article

Review of research on the vegetation and environment of dry-hot valleys in Yunnan

Jida Yang1, Zhiming Zhang1, Zehao Shen2, Xiaokun Ou1, *(), Yupeng Geng1, Mingyu Yang1   

  1. 1 Instutute of Ecology and Geobotany, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091.
    2 Department of Ecology, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes of Ministry of Education, Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Received:2015-09-18 Accepted:2016-04-26 Online:2016-05-11
  • Ou Xiaokun E-mail:xkou@ynu.edu.cn

The vegetation of the dry-hot valleys in southwestern China, especially in Yunnan, is unique as the valley bottom in a subtropical plateau and mountainous region, which is characterized by its geographic location, climate, and geomorphology. A long history of biological adaptation to the specific environmental contributes to the rarity and non-zonality rarity rarity of vegetation in these dry-hot valleys. Disturbances including land use through human activities have endangered some vegetation types in the dry-hot valleys. This paper examines the history of vegetation studies in the dry-hot valleys, and summarizes studies on flora, vegetation and land use and cover change, as well as vegetation restoration. Research of plant communities and flora have mainly focused on the classification of the community and vegetation types, the characteristics of the community, the influence of human disturbance, and the characteristics, nature and origin of the flora. The relationship between vegetation and land has mainly focused on the characteristics of soil, land use/cover change, land degradation and soil erosion. The hot spots of vegetation protection and restoration include the study of vegetation restoration objectives, functional zoning of vegetation restoration, the introduction and selection of vegetation restoration research, and evaluation of the effectiveness of vegetation restoration. We propose that more attention to be paid to the study of the prevention of natural disasters, the impacts of hydropower construction on vegetation, and in-depth vegetation monitoring and analysis of the spatiotemporal dynamics at multiple scales.

Key words: dry-hot valley, plant community, flora, land relationship, vegetation restoration, prospect

Table 1

The distribution of dry-hot valleys of four major rivers in Yunnan"

河流
Rivers
分布区域
Distribution
两侧山脉
Mountain range
分布长度
Length (km)
底部海拔
Altitude (m)
峰线高度
Peak line height (m)
上下高差Dispersion (m)
怒江
Nu River
六库-龙陵
Liuku-Longling
怒山/高黎贡山
Nushan/Gaoligong
220 <1,000 3,000 2,000
元江
Yuan River
新平-蒙自
Xinping-Mengzi
哀牢山/无量山
Ailao/Wuliang
300 300-600 3,000 2,000
金沙江
Jinsha River
鹤庆-布拖
Heqing-Butuo
乌蒙山/云岭
Wumeng/Yunling
850 700-1,200 2,500-3,500 2,000
澜沧江
Lancang River
南涧-凤庆
Nanjian-Fengqing
怒山南/无量山
Nushan/Wuliang
250 800-900 2,500-3,000 1,500-2,000

Table 2

Comparison of climate condition between dry-hot valleys in Yuanjiangba and Longjiang, Yuanmou"

气候因子
Climatic factors
元江坝
Yuanjiangba
元谋龙江
Longjiang, Yuanmou
年均温 Annual mean temperature (℃) 23.7 21.5
最冷月均温 Average temperature of the coldest month (℃) 16.7 15.1
≥10℃的年积温 ≥10℃ Annual accumulated temperature (℃) 8,708.9 7,996.1
年均霜日 Annual mean frosty day 0.7 2.0
年均降水量 Annual mean precipitation (mm) 805.1 634.0
年均蒸发量 Annual mean evaporation (mm) 2,750.9 3,847.8
年蒸发量/年降水量 Annual mean evaporation/annual mean precipitation 3.4 6.1
年均相对湿度 Annual mean humidity (%) 69 54
雨季/旱季降水量 Rainy season precipitation /dry season precipitation (%) 81/19 92/8
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