Biodiversity Science ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (1): 12-.doi: 10.17520/biods.2015190

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Invasiveness, clonal form and geographical origin of invasive clonal plant species in China

Ning Wang*(), Weifang Li, Bing Zhou, Xiaohong Yan   

  1. School of Life Sciences, Jinggangshan University, Ji’an, Jiangxi 343009
  • Online:2016-06-12
  • Wang Ning E-mail:wangning13@126.com

The invasiveness, clonal form and geographical origin of invasive clonal plant species in China were analyzed based on some literature reviews. Of the 515 invasive plant species in China, at least 196 (38.1%) were clonal plant species. These invasive clonal plant species belong to 46 families, and most of them are from Gramineae, Asteraceae and Leguminosae. The majority of the invasive clonal plant species were introduced intentionally by human activity. In the 1-5 invasiveness ranks, most invasive clonal plant species belong to the rank 5 (i.e. species requiring further observation). Chi-square tests showed that species invasiveness ranks did not significantly depend on the presence/absence of clonality, but that they significantly depended on the presence/absence of rhizomes. Perennial and annual herbs accounted for the majority of the 196 invasive clonal plant species. Many invasive clonal herbs reproduce asexually by tillers, stolons or rhizomes. The primary geographical origin of these invasive clonal plant species was America. The results suggest that in future attention should be paid when rhizomatous clonal plant species or clonal plant species from America are introduced. However, our methods may have underestimated the number and proportion of invasive clonal plant species because of limited information about modes of reproduction in the literature. Thus, fieldwork should be conducted to check the clonality of each species to accurately analyze the number and proportion of invasive clonal plant species in China in future.

Key words: invasive plant species, clonality, clonal reproduction, growth form, geographical origin

Fig. 1

Number of invasive clonal plant species in different families"

Table 1

Number of invasive plant species in China with different invasiveness ranks and clonal forms"

等级
Rank
入侵植物种数
No. of invasive plants
克隆植物种数 No. of clonal plant species
总数
Total
根状茎
Rhizome
匍匐茎
Stolon
分蘖
Tiller
其他
Others
1 34 16 7 5 3 9
2 69 24 1 5 7 12
3 85 33 6 5 7 24
4 80 33 13 6 9 16
5 247 90 23 10 19 50
合计 Total 515 196 50 31 45 111

Table 2

Number of invasive clonal plant species in China with different growth forms and clonal forms"

生长型
Growth form
总数
Total
根状茎
Rhizome
匍匐茎
Stolon
分蘖
Tiller
其他
Others
1-2年生草本
Annual or biennial herb
39 2 6 18 15
多年生草本
Perennial herb
119 46 19 26 63
水生草本
Aquatic herb
14 1 4 1 10
藤本 Vine 10 1 2 0 9
灌木 Shrub 10 0 0 0 10
乔木 Tree 4 0 0 0 4
合计 Total 196 50 31 45 111

Table 3

Number of invasive clonal plant species in China with different invasiveness ranks and geographical origins"

等级
Rank
美洲
America
欧洲
Europe
亚洲
Asia
非洲
Africa
大洋洲
Australia
不详
Unclear
1 14 2 1 0 0 0
2 15 7 2 4 0 0
3 18 6 2 7 1 0
4 11 16 10 5 0 1
5 50 24 14 17 1 1
合计 Total 108 55 29 33 2 2
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