Biodiversity Science ›› 2004, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (1): 20-28.doi: 10.17520/biods.2004004

Special Issue: Exploring Altitudinal Patterns of Plant Diversity of China's Mountains

• Special Issue • Previous Article     Next Article

A review on the elevational patterns of plant species diversity

TANG Zhi-Yao, FANG Jing-Yun   

  1. Department of Ecology,College of Environmental Sicences,Center for Ecological Research & Education,and Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes of the Ministry of Education,Peking University,Beijing 100871
  • Received:2003-06-12 Revised:2003-09-10 Online:2004-01-20
  • TANG Zhi-Yao

Patterns of biodiversity along environmental gradients is one of the basic issues in the biodiversity studies. The elevational gradient incorporates multiple resource gradients which vary continuously in different fashions. As patterns along environmental gradients are significantly scaledependent, we reviewed plant diversity patterns along the elevational gradient in different scales: α diversity, β diversity and γ diversity, as well the factors which maintain these patterns. At the local scale, there is no fixed elevational pattern for herb species richness. For woody plants, the monotonic decrease of species richness as elevation increases is thought to be a general pattern, yet other patterns exist. The decrease of β diversity with increasing elevation has been observed in different ecosystems. Species richness in different elevational bands exhibits two different patterns, monotonic decrease and humpshaped pattern along the elevational gradient.

No related articles found!
Full text



[1] HU Xiao-Wen, WANG Juan, and WANG Yan-Rong. Thermal time model analysis for seed germination of four Vicia species[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2012, 36(8): 841 -848 .
[2] Bo Wu, Chunquan Zhu, Diqiang Li, , Ke Dong, Xiulei Wang, Peili Shi. Setting biodiversity conservation priorities in the Forests of the Upper Yangtze Ecoregion based on ecoregion conservation methodology[J]. Biodiv Sci, 2006, 14(2): 87 -97 .
[3] Short Report on the National Conference of the Haploid Breeding of Tobacco. Successful Induction of Shoot Differentiation from the Calli of Soybean and Pea Hypocotyl[J]. J Integr Plant Biol, 1974, 16(4): .
[4] Hu Wenzhao, Zhao Jimin, Zhang Yanwen. Fitness advantage and maintenance mechanisms of dimorphic mixed- mating plants[J]. Biodiv Sci, 2019, 27(4): 468 -474 .
[5] YE Xue-Hua, HU Yu-Kun, LIU Zhi-Lan, GAO Shu-Qin, and DONG Ming. Water heterogeneity affects water storage in two rhizomatous clonal plants Leymus secalinus and Calamagrostis pseudophragmites[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2013, 37(5): 427 -435 .
[6] Remko Offringa, and Fang Huang. Phosphorylation-dependent Trafficking of Plasma Membrane Proteins in Animal and Plant Cells[J]. J Integr Plant Biol, 2013, 55(9): 789 -808 .
[7] Dong-Liang Cheng, Gen-Xuan Wang, Tao Li, Qing-Long Tang and Chun-Mei Gong. Relationships among the Stem, Aboveground and Total Biomass across Chinese Forests[J]. J Integr Plant Biol, 2007, 49(11): 1573 -1579 .
[8] HE Yu-Tang TU Jin-Xing FU Ting-Dong CHEN Bao-Yuan. Molecular Biology and Evolutionary Models of Self-incompatible Genes in Brassica Genus[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2003, 20(05): 513 -521 .
[9] Huaizhen Tian, Lin Chen, Fuwu Xing. Species diversity and conservation of orchids in Nanling National Nature Reserve, Guangdong[J]. Biodiv Sci, 2013, 21(2): 224 -231 .
[10] Ying Wang, Nianwei Qiu, Xingan Wang, Zongqi Ma, Guozhen Du. Effects of enhanced UV-B radiation on fitness of an alpine species Cerastium glomeratum Thuill[J]. J Plant Ecol, 2008, 1(3): 197 -202 .