Biodiversity Science ›› 2004, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (1): 10-19.doi: 10.17520/biods.2004003

Special Issue: Exploring Altitudinal Patterns of Plant Diversity of China's Mountains

• Special Issue • Previous Article     Next Article

Ecological characteristics of mountains and research issues of mountain ecology

FANG Jing-Yun, SHEN Ze-Hao, CUI Hai-Ting   

  1. Department of Ecology,College of Environmental Sciences,Center for Ecological Research & Education,and Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes of the Ministry of Education,Peking University,Beijing 100871
  • Received:2003-06-12 Revised:2003-09-10 Online:2004-01-20
  • FANG Jing-Yun

Mountains are complex ecological systems, with unique structures and functions, and have rich biodiversity, water and mineral resources, and opportunities for tourism. Mountain ecology is the study of mountain structures, functions, and processes, as well as the exploration, sustainable utilization and conservation of mountain resources. In this paper, we review the effects of major topographic elements on ecological factors, summarize the ecological benefits of mountains, and discuss the current research issues and topics for Mountain Ecology. It is emphasized that in topography of mountainous areas is the most critical controlling factor for ecological structures, functions, and processes. Topography affects the abundance and distribution of organisms by modifying solar radiation, heat, moisture, soil and fertility. For this reason, topography and topographyinduced ecological phenomena and processes are considered to be the most critical topics in mountain ecology. Topographic research addresses such issues as ecological complexity, biodiversity, mountain climate changes, mountain ecological engineering, mountain sustainable development, and quantification of topographic elements (elevation, slope, aspect, and location). Among these, developing appropriate methods for quantifying topographic elements is a key technique. We also suggest a need for a synthetic study of relationships between humans and the natural world based mountain sustainable development.

No related articles found!
Full text



[1] YAN Kai, FU Deng-Gao, HE Feng, DUAN Chang-Qun. Leaf nutrient stoichiometry of plants in the phosphorus-enriched soils of the Lake Dianchi watershed, southwestern China[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2011, 35(4): 353 -361 .
[2] Naicheng Li, Xiaoshou Liu, Zhaodong Xu, Rui Zhao, Honghua Shi. Biodiversity of macrofauna in the southern waters of Miaodao Archipelago, China[J]. Biodiv Sci, 2015, 23(1): 41 -49 .
[3] LIU Yong-Liang-, MAO Jian-Feng-, WANG Xiao-Ru-, LI Yue. Geographic Isolation between the Homoploid Hybrid Pinus densata and Its Parental Pinus yunnanensis[J]. Plant Diversity, 2011, 33(3): 269 -274 .
[4] LI Ling-Hao and CHEN Zuo-Zhong. The Global Carbon Cycle in Grassland Ecosystems and Its Responses to Global Change I . Carbon Flow Compartment Model, Inputs and Storage[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1998, 15(02): 14 -22 .
[5] Wang-Zhen GUO, Dong FANG, Wen-Duo YU and Tian-Zhen ZHANG. Sequence Divergence of Microsatellites and Phylogeny Analysis in Tetraploid Cotton Species and Their Putative Diploid Ancestors[J]. J Integr Plant Biol, 2005, 47(12): 1418 -1430 .
[6] . [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2013, 48(1): 4 -5 .
[7] SHU Qun-Fang;ZHOU Lu;LI Wen-Bin;ZHANG LI-Ming and SUN Yong-Ru. Study on Gel Electrophoresis of Protein from Plant and Our Improved Methods[J]. Chin Bull Bot, 1998, 15(06): 73 -78 .
[8] XU Yue, SHEN Ze-Hao, Lü Nan, TANG Yuan-Yuan, LI Dao-Xin, WANG Gong-Fang, TAN Jia-Lin, and LIU Yi-Ping. Ten years’ observation of seed rain in a Fagus lucida community in Dalaoling Nature Reserve in the Three Gorges: seed rain density, species composition and their correlation with the community[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2012, 36(8): 708 -716 .
[9] You Zhen-guo. Eco-economic Period Threshold for Controlling Weeds in Summer Soybeans in Beijing Region[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 1993, 17(4): 317 -323 .
[10] Yi Wang. Practice and innovation for overarching institution design of China’s
national park
[J]. Biodiv Sci, 2017, 25(10): 1037 -1039 .