Biodiversity Science ›› 2005, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (5): 416-423.doi: 10.1360/biodiv.050004

Special Issue: Exploring the Mechamism of Species Endangerment and Conservation Strategy in the Rangtze River Drainage

• Special Issue • Previous Article     Next Article

Home range and habitat use of male Reeves’s pheasant (Syrmaticus reevesii) in winter in Dongzhai National Nature Reserve, Henan Province

Jiliang Xu1, 2, Xiaohui Zhang1, Zhengwang Zhang1*, Guangmei Zheng1, Xiangfeng Ruan3, Keyin Zhang3   

  1. 1 Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Sciences and Ecological Engineering; College of Life Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875
    2 College of Natural Resources & Environment, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083
    3 Dongzhai National Nature Reserve, Segang, Luoshan County, Henan 464236
  • Received:2005-01-05 Revised:2005-04-20 Online:2005-09-20
  • Zhengwang Zhang

Home range and habitat use of male Reeves’s pheasant (Syrmaticus reevesii) were studied during the winter of 2001/2002 and 2002/2003 in the Dongzhai National Nature Reserve, Henan Province. The results from five individuals of Reeves’s pheasant with over 30 relocations indicated the average size of home range was 10.03 ± 1.17 hm2 by Minimum Convex Polygon method, 8.60 ± 0.35 hm2 by 90% Harmonic Mean Transformation method, and 9.50 ±1.90 hm2 by 95% Fixed Kernel method. The winter range was smaller than that in the breeding season. The mean core area of the home range was 1.88 ± 0.37 hm2. Although the habitat composition of the core area varied greatly among individuals, conifer and broadleaf mixed forests, masson pine forests, fir forests, and shrubs together accounted for a large part of the habitats used. Habitat use within the study area was non-random, while habitats were randomly used within home ranges. Tree di-ameter at breast height, shrub height and coverage at 2.0 m dictated habitat use. The proximity between for-ests and shrubs were also important in providing refuge for the birds during the winter. Recommendations for conservation management include protecting the existing habitats in Dongzhai National Nature Reserve, in-creasing suitable habitat for Reeves’s pheasant through artificial plantations (e.g. firs), and restoring some parts of the large area of shrubs to forest.

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