生物多样性 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (10): 1138-1142.doi: 10.17520/biods.2019147

• 数据论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

1:100万中国植被图森林和灌丛群系类型的补充资料

王璇1, 2, 陈国科1, 郭柯1, 马克平1, *()   

  1. 1 中国科学院植物研究所植被与环境变化国家重点实验室, 北京 100093
    2 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-29 接受日期:2019-08-22 出版日期:2019-10-20
  • 通讯作者: 马克平 E-mail:kpma@ibcas.ac.cn
  • 基金项目:
    国家自然科学基金(41471044)

A supplemental dataset to the Vegetation Map of the People’s Republic China (1:1,000,000): Forest and scrub formations

Wang Xuan1, 2, Chen Guoke1, Guo Ke1, Ma Keping1, *()   

  1. 1 State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
    2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2019-04-29 Accepted:2019-08-22 Online:2019-10-20
  • Contact: Ma Keping E-mail:kpma@ibcas.ac.cn

《中华人民共和国植被图(1:1,000,000)》是我国植被研究的最重要数据。受当时研究基础和制图技术限制, 部分植被群系未能体现在中国植被图上。为了给新一代中国植被图的编研提供基础数据, 本文在搜集从20世纪50年代至今的中国植被研究的相关文献的基础上, 提取其中的植被群系名称和分布信息, 采用植物群落学-生态学原则, 以优势种相同作为依据, 合并部分相近的群系类型。与《中华人民共和国植被图(1:1,000,000)》中的森林和灌丛群系进行对比, 本文新增了1,475个森林和灌丛群系。

关键词: 中国植被图, 森林和灌丛群系, 数据收集

The Vegetation Map of the People’s Republic of China (1:1,000,000) is the most important dataset for vegetation studies in China. However, some vegetation formations were not included in the Vegetation Map of China due to limitations of data and mapping techniques in the last century. In order to update the dataset, we collected data of vegetation formations and their distributions from the literature (1950-present). Based on the phytocoenology-ecology principle, formations with the same dominant species were classified as the same formation. Compared to formations in the Vegetation Map of the People’s Republic of China (1:1,000,000), we added 1,475 new vegetation formations of forests and scrubs.

Key words: Vegetation Map of China, forest and shrub formations, data collection

表1

文献中的植被分类原则和系统"

分类原则
Classification principle
分类系统
Classification system
示例
Examples
植物群落学-生态学原则
Phytocoenology-ecology principle
植被型-群系-群丛
Vegetation type-formation-association
《中国植被》、《宁夏植被》、《云南植被》、《湖南森林》
Vegetation of China; Vegetation of Ningxia; Vegetation of Yunnan; Forest of Hunan
植物群落学-生态学原则
Phytocoenology-ecology principle
林纲-林系-林型
Forest class-forest formation-forest type
《中国森林》、《江西森林》、《陕西森林》
Forest of China; Forest of Jiangxi; Forest of Shaanxi
植物群落学-生态学原则
Phytocoenology-ecology principle
植被型-群系-林型
Vegetation type-formation-forest type
《四川森林》、《甘肃森林》、《河南森林》
Forest of Sichuan; Forest of Gansu; Forest of Henan
Braun-Blanquet植物群落学原则
Braun-Blanquet plant community principle
群纲-群目-群属-群丛
Class-order-alliance-association
《元江、怒江、金沙江、澜沧江干热河谷植被》
The Vegetation of Dry Hot Valley of Yuanjiang River, Nujiang River, Jinsha River, and Lancang River

图1

森林和灌丛群系省级分布数量"

图2

中国各省的森林和灌丛群系数量"

图3

中国各省特有森林和灌丛群系数量"

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