生物多样性 ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (3): 264-276.DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2014.14012

所属专题: 生物多样性信息学专题(II)

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Scratchpads 2.0: 互联网时代的生物多样性虚拟研究环境

王利松1,,A;*(), 张红瑞1, 张宪春1   

  1. 1 .中国科学院植物研究所系统与进化植物学国家重点实验室, 北京 100093
    2 .Biodiversity Informatics Group, Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London, SW7 5BD, UK
  • 收稿日期:2014-01-13 接受日期:2014-04-30 出版日期:2014-05-20 发布日期:2014-06-04
  • 通讯作者: 王利松
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(30800057)和科技部基础性专项(2013FY112600)

Scratchpads 2.0: a virtual research environment for biodiversity sciences in the Internet era

Lisong Wang1,*(), Vincent S Smith2, Hongrui Zhang1, Xianchun Zhang1   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolution Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
    2. Biodiversity Informatics Group, Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London, SW7 5BD, UK
  • Received:2014-01-13 Accepted:2014-04-30 Online:2014-05-20 Published:2014-06-04
  • Contact: Wang Lisong

摘要:

Scratchpads 2.0系统是支持在线环境下生物多样性基础数据的创建、管理和高效利用的虚拟研究平台。本文对该系统的研发背景和现状、系统使用的关键特征(包括个人数据和在线资源的动态整合机制、多语言内容的创建和管理、系统使用授权、动态数据追踪、团队协作, 以及数据论文的发表机制), 以及系统开发和管理者关心的主要技术问题(包括系统安装和高效维护管理、分布式系统架构、模块化开发和管理机制、相关的技术标准)进行了介绍。并针对与Scratchpads 2.0相关的生物多样性信息工具研发和应用的问题进行了讨论。Scratchpads准确的角色定位、学科业务需求的深度挖掘和优越的技术实现, 决定了它是网络时代分类学研究的重要基础设施之一, 将为世界在线植物志的实现提供重要的技术基础。

关键词: 生物多样性信息学, 数据发表, 在线植物志, 虚拟研究环境

Abstract:

We describe key features of the Scratchpads 2.0 Virtual Research Environment (VRE), which supports the creation, management and reuse of biodiversity data. This paper provides an introduction to recent developments and status of the Scratchpads 2.0 system, including its technical architecture. Key features include mechanisms to integrate individual research data and online resources, creation and management of multilingual content, license and authorization of system and data content, dynamic tracing of data editing history, research team cooperation, and methods of data paper publication. Important technical features include effective maintenance and installation of the system, ability to build distributed architecture, modularized function and development, and implementation of related information standards. These are put into a context with related biodiversity informatics tools. Scratchpads was designed with accurate role orientation, a deep understanding of taxonomic research requirements, and excellent technical solutions. All of these attributes contribute to Scratchpads’ importance to e-infrastrature in the Internet era for taxonomy, thereby providing us with a promising tool to complete ambitious projects like World Online Flora.

Key words: biodiversity informatics, data-publishing, online flora, virtual research environment