生物多样性 ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (6): 788-793.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2014.14028

所属专题: 野生动物的红外相机监测

• • 上一篇    下一篇

青城山森林公园兽类和鸟类资源初步调查: 基于红外相机数据

肖治术1, , A;*, 王学志2, 黄小群1   

  1. 1 .中国科学院动物研究所农业虫鼠害综合治理研究国家重点实验室, 北京 100101
    2 .中国科学院计算机网络信息中心, 北京 100190
  • 收稿日期:2014-02-10 接受日期:2014-10-08 出版日期:2014-11-20
  • 通讯作者: 肖治术
  • 基金项目:
    国家自然科学基金(31240470, 31330013)、“十二五”国家科技支撑项目(2012BAD19B02)、中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KSCX2-EW-Z-5)和国家科技基础条件平台工作重点项目(2005DKA21402)

Mammal and bird diversity in Qingchengshan Forest Park, Southwest China: data from camera traps

Zhishu Xiao, Xuezhi Wang, Xiaoqun Huang   

  • Received:2014-02-10 Accepted:2014-10-08 Online:2014-11-20

图1

青城山鸟兽物种数随红外相机捕获日增加的累积曲线(雨季: 9个红外相机累计594个捕获日; 旱季: 9个红外相机累计801个捕获日)"

图2

青城山森林公园雨季和旱季兽类和鸟类的相对丰富度指数比较"

图3

青城山森林公园雨季和旱季鸟兽物种比较。(A)物种数; (B)单台相机平均物种数; (C)物种比例。"

"

物种
Species
鸟类居留型
Bird residential type
雨季
Wet season
旱季
Dry season
兽类 Mammals
豹猫 Prionailurus bengalensis - - 5 (0.62)
Felis silvestris catus* - - 26 (3.25)
Canis lupus familiaris* - - 6 (0.75)
花面狸 Paguma larvata - 61 (10.27) 31 (3.87)
黄鼬 Mustela sibirica - - 1 (0.12)
猪獾 Arctonyx collaris - 18 (3.03) 2 (0.25)
鼬獾 Melogale moschata - 1 (0.17) 8 (1.00)
毛冠鹿 Elaphodus cephalophus - 5 (0.84) 1 (0.12)
豪猪 Hystrix brachyura - - 2 (0.25)
赤腹松鼠 Callosciurus erythraeus - 3 (0.51) 40 (4.99)
小泡巨鼠 Leopoldamys edwardsi - 127 (21.38) 45 (5.62)
白腹鼠 Niviventer spp. - 84 (14.14) 56 (6.99)
中华姬鼠 Apodemus draco - 6 (1.01) 4 (0.50)
灰麝鼩 Crocidura attenuata - - 1 (0.12)
鸟类 Birds
红腹角雉 Tragopan temminckii 留鸟 Resident bird - 3 (0.37)
红腹锦鸡 Chrysolophus pictus 留鸟 Resident bird - 1 (0.12)
灰胸竹鸡 Bambusicola thoracica 留鸟 Resident bird 2 (0.34) 3 (0.37)
红嘴蓝鹊 Urocissa erythrorhyncha 留鸟 Resident bird 1 (0.17) 1 (0.12)
松鸦 Pica glandarius 留鸟 Resident bird - 6 (0.75)
白颊噪鹛 Garrulax perspicillatus 留鸟 Resident bird 1 (0.17) 1 (0.12)
灰翅噪鹛 Garrulax perspicillatus 留鸟 Resident bird 3 (0.51) 38 (4.74)
丽色噪鹛 Garrulax perspicillatus 留鸟 Resident bird - 1 (0.12)
橙翅噪鹛 Garrulax perspicillatus 留鸟 Resident bird - 1 (0.12)
棕噪鹛 Garrulax perspicillatus 冬候鸟 Winter migrant - 5 (0.62)
棕颈钩嘴鹛 Pomatorhinus hypoleucos 留鸟 Resident bird 3 (0.51) 7 (0.87)
斑胸钩嘴鹛 Pomatorhinus hypoleucos 留鸟 Resident bird - 1 (0.12)
红嘴相思鸟 Leiothrix argentauris 留鸟 Resident bird - 12 (1.50)
灰眶雀鹛 Alcippe chrysotis 留鸟 Resident bird 1 (0.17) 13 (1.62)
棕头鸦雀 Conostoma aemodium 留鸟 Resident bird - 1 (0.12)
虎斑地鸫 Zoothera dauma 冬候鸟 Winter migrant - 18 (2.25)
长尾地鸫 Zoothera dixoni 冬候鸟 Winter migrant - 17 (2.12)
灰翅鸫 Turdus boulboul 冬候鸟 Winter migrant - 23 (2.87)
灰头鸫 Turdus rubrocanus 留鸟 Resident bird - 3 (0.37)
乌鸫 Turdus merula 留鸟 Resident bird - 2 (0.25)
紫啸鸫 Myophonus caeruleus 夏候鸟 Summer migrant 32 (5.39) 6 (0.75)
棕胸蓝姬鹟 Ficedula hyperythra 夏候鸟 Summer migrant - 6 (0.75)
红胁蓝尾鸲 Tarsiger cyanurus 冬候鸟 Winter migrant - 12 (1.50)
栗背岩鹨 Prunella immaculata 冬候鸟 Winter migrant - 3 (0.37)
黄腹山雀 Parus venustulus 留鸟 Resident bird - 5 (0.62)
丘鹬 Scolopax rusticola 冬候鸟 Winter migrant - 6 (0.75)

附图1

青城山森林公园红外相机所拍摄的重要兽类和鸟类照片"

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