生物多样性 ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (6): 810-812.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2014.14019

所属专题: 野生动物的红外相机监测

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长白山森林动态监测样地鸟兽的红外相机初步监测

李欣海1, 朴正吉2, 武耀祥3, 周海成3, 张鹏1, 4, 刘丙万4, 黄小群1, 肖治术1, , A;*()   

  1. 1 .中国科学院动物研究所农业虫鼠害综合治理研究国家重点实验室, 北京 100101
    2 .吉林省长白山科学研究院, 吉林安图 133613
    3 .吉林省长白山保护开发区管理委员会自然保护管理中心, 吉林安图 133613
    4.东北林业大学野生动物资源学院, 哈尔滨 150040 长白山国家级自然保护区
  • 收稿日期:2014-01-21 接受日期:2014-09-03 出版日期:2014-11-20
  • 通讯作者: 肖治术 E-mail:xiaozs@ioz.ac.cn
  • 基金项目:
    中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KSCX2-EW-Z-5)、“十二五”国家科技支撑项目(2012BAD19B02)和国家科技基础条件平台工作重点项目(2005DKA21402)

Camera trap survey of mammals and birds in Changbaishan Forest Dynamics Plot, Northeast China

Xinhai Li1, Zhengji Piao2, Yaoxiang Wu3, Haicheng Zhou3, Peng Zhang1, 4, Bingwan Liu4, Xiaoqun Huang1, Zhishu Xiao1()   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents in Agriculture, Institute of Zoology, Chi-nese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    2. Changbai Mountain Academy of Science, Antu, Jilin 133613
    3. Natural Conservation Center, Changbai Mountain Protection & Development Zone, Antu, Jilin 133613
    4. College of Wildlife Resources, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040
  • Received:2014-01-21 Accepted:2014-09-03 Online:2014-11-20

图1

兽类、鸟类物种数及二者之和与红外相机台数所拟合的稀疏化曲线。每台红外相机2011和2012年分别持续监测41 d和40 d。"

附表1

长白山森林动态监测样地2011年和2012年红外相机监测获得的兽类和鸟类记录"

物种
Species
2011 2012
相机点数
No. of stations
(%)
独立照片(相对丰富度指数)
No. of photos
(RAI*)
相机点数
No. of stations (%)
独立照片(相对丰富度指数)
No. of photos (RAI*)
兽类 Mammals
紫貂 Martes zibellina 11 (44) 19 (1.77) 8 (40) 23 (2.88)
黄喉貂 Martes flavigula 1 (4) 1 (0.09) 2 (10) 2 (0.25)
狗獾 Meles leucurus 0 0 1 (5) 1 (0.13)
西伯利亚狍 Capreolus pygargus 14 (56) 33 (3.07) 15 (75) 45 (5.63)
野猪 Sus scrofa 20 (80) 81 (7.53) 15 (75) 62 (7.75)
松鼠 Sciurus vulgaris 17 (68) 93 (8.65) 17 (85) 71 (8.88)
花鼠 Tamias sibiricus 16 (64) 115 (10.70) 7 (35) 25 (3.13)
棕背 Myodes rufocanus 2 (8) 3 (0.28) 1 (5) 1 (0.13)
朝鲜姬鼠 Apodemus peninsulae 7 (28) 39 (3.63) 7 (35) 62 (7.75)
黑线姬鼠 Apodemus agrarius 1 (4) 5 (0.47) 2 (10) 2 (0.25)
鸟类 Birds
花尾榛鸡 Tetrastes bonasia 1 (4) 1 (0.09) 0 0
大斑啄木鸟 Dendrocopos major 0 0 2 (10) 2 (0.25)
松鸦 Garrulus glandarius 16 (64) 28 (2.60) 7 (35) 10 (1.25)
星鸦 Nucifraga caryocatactes 0 0 1 (5) 1 (0.13)
普通 Sitta nagaensis 3 (12) 4 (0.37) 2 (10) 2 (0.25)
白眉地鸫 Zoothera sibirica 5 (20) 12 (1.12) 5 (25) 5 (0.63)
锡嘴雀 Coccothraustes coccothraustes 3 (12) 3 (0.28) 0 0
黑头蜡嘴雀 Eophona personata 1 (4) 1 (0.09) 0 0
银喉长尾山雀 Aegithalos caudatus 1 (4) 1 (0.09) 0 0
红胁蓝尾鸲 Tarsiger cyanurus 1 (4) 1 (0.09) 1 (5) 1 (0.13)

附图1

长白山森林动态监测样地红外相机拍摄的重要兽类和鸟类照片"

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