生物多样性 ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (3): 329-336.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2014.13249

所属专题: 海洋生物多样性

• • 上一篇    下一篇

中国海梨甲藻科几种甲藻的分类与形态鉴定

潘玉龙1, 李瑞香2, 刘霜1, 赵升1, , A;*(), 刘一霆1   

  1. 1 .国家海洋局北海环境监测中心, 青岛 266033
    2.国家海洋局第一海洋研究所, 青岛 266061
  • 收稿日期:2013-11-29 接受日期:2014-02-26 出版日期:2014-05-20
  • 通讯作者: 赵升 E-mail:zhaosheng@bhfj.gov.cn
  • 基金项目:
    海洋公益性行业科研专项——我国海洋浮游生物分类鉴定技术及在生物多样性保护中的应用(201005015), 北方典型排污口致病性细菌基因芯片检测技术研究开发与示范(201105007-5)

Taxonomy and morphological identification of Pyrocystaceae (Pyrocystales, Dinophyta) species on the coasts of China

Yulong Pan1, Ruixiang Li2, Shuang Liu1, Sheng Zhao1, *(), Yiting Liu1   

  1. 1. North China Sea Monitoring Center, State Oceanic Administration, Qingdao 266033
    2. First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Qingdao 266061
  • Received:2013-11-29 Accepted:2014-02-26 Online:2014-05-20
  • Contact: Zhao Sheng E-mail:zhaosheng@bhfj.gov.cn

由于生活史特殊以及分类学历史复杂, 国内外有关梨甲藻科物种的分类学研究比较少。本研究通过形态分类学方法, 详细阐述了梨甲藻物种的分类学历史沿革, 对我国海域的11种梨甲藻科物种的孢囊进行了分类学研究。我们认为其中的1种应隶属于球甲藻属(Dissodinium), 其余10种可归为梨甲藻属(Pyrocystis)(包括2个变种, 2个变型), 对每个物种都进行了详细的形态学描述, 认为拟新月球甲藻(Dissodinium pseudolunula)与新月梨甲藻(Pyrocystis lunula)、优美梨甲藻(Pyrocystis elegans)与粗梨甲藻(Pyrocystis robusta)的分类学关系还需要进一步研究。

关键词: Pyrocystis, Dissodinium, 浮游植物, 中国近海, 分类, 鉴定

Taxonomic studies on the family Pyrocystaceae are scarce because of the group’s special life cycle and complicated taxonomic history. In this study, a detailed literature review of Pyrocystaceae is presented, and cysts of 11 species belonging to Pyrocystaceae are studied using morphological taxonomy methods. We believe that one species should be moved to genus Dissodinium, the remaining 10 species (including 2 varieties and 2 formas) are more reasonably kept in genus Pyrocystis. We also present a morphological description of each species. Furthermore, we believe that the taxonomic relationships between Dissodinium pseudolunula and Pyrocystis lunula, P. elegans and P. robusta require further study.

Key words: Pyrocystis, Dissodinium, phytoplankton, coasts of China, taxonomy, identification

图1-图16

图1-2: 拟新月球甲藻(Dissodinium pseudolunula), 见于夜光藻体内; 图3: 优美梨甲藻(Pyrocystis elegans); 图4-5: 浅弧梨甲藻(P. gerbautii); 图6-7: 梭梨甲藻梭形变型(P. fusiformis f. fusiformis); 图8: 梭形梨胞甲藻双锥变型(P. fusiformis f. bicornia); 图9-10: 钩梨甲藻异肢变种(P. hamulus var. inaeaqualis), 图9为2个个体, 图10为单个个体; 图11: 钩梨甲藻半圆变种(P. hamulus var. semicircularis); 图12: 矛形梨甲藻(P. lanceolata); 图13: 夜光梨甲藻(P. noctiluca); 图14: 菱形梨甲藻(P. rhomboides); 图15-16: 粗梨甲藻(P. robusta)。"

[1] Dodge JD, Hart-Jones B (1982) Marine Dinoflagellates of the British Isles. H.M.S.O., Govt. Bookshops, London.
[2] Elbrächter M, Drebes G (1978) Life cycles, phylogeny and taxonomy of Dissodinium and Pyrocystis (Dinophyta).Helgoländer Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen, 31, 347-366.
[3] Elbrächter M, Hemleben C, Spindler M (1987) On the taxonomy of the lunate Pyrocystis species (Dinophyta).Botanica Marina, 30, 233-242.
[4] Fensome RA, Taylor FJR, Norris G, Sarjeant WAS, Wharton DI, Williams GL (1993) A Classification of Living and Fossil Dinoflagellates (Micropaleontology Special Publication), American Museum of Natural History, New York.
[5] Gómez F, Moreira D, López-García P (2009) Life cycle and molecular phylogeny of the dinoflagellates Chytriodinium and Dissodinium, ectoparasites of copepod eggs.European Journal of Protistology, 45, 260-270.
[6] Guiry MD, Guiry GM (2013) algaeBASE. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway..
[7] Guo YJ (郭玉洁), Zhou HQ (周汉秋), Ye JS (叶加松) (1979) Taxonomic studies on the Pyrocystis of the adjacent region of Zhongsha and Xisha Islands, Guangdong Province, China.Studia Marina Sinica(海洋科学集刊), 15, 47-55. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[8] Haeckel E (1890) Plankton Studien: Vergleichende Untersuchungen iiber die Bedeutung und Zusammensetzung der pelagischen Fauna nnd Flora. Fischer, Jena.
[9] Ke ZX (柯志新), Huang LM (黄良民), Tan YH (谭烨辉), Yin JJ (尹建强) (2011) Species composition and abundance of phytoplankton in the northern South China Sea in summer 2007.Journal of Tropical Oceanography, 30, 131-143. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[10] Klebs G (1912) Über Flagellaten und Algen-ähnliche Peridineen.Vereins Heidelberg, 11, 369-451.
[11] Kofoid CA, Swezy O (1921) The Free-Living Unarmored Dinoflagellata. University of California Press, Berkeley, California.
[12] Li RX (李瑞香), Mao XH (毛兴华) (1985) Dinoflagellates in the continental shelf of the East China Sea.Donghai Marine Science(东海海洋), 3(1), 41-55. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[13] Lin JM (林金美) (1995) Diversity study of planktonic dinoflagellates in China seas.Chinese Biodiversity(生物多样性), 3, 187-194. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[14] Liu RY (刘瑞玉) (2010) Checklist of Marine Biota of China Seas (中国海洋生物名录). Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[15] Lu DD (陆斗定) (1987) Distribution characteristics of Pyrocystis species in Kuroshino of East China Sea from May to June of 1986.Bulletin of Science and Technology(科技通报), 6(3), 46-48. (in Chinese)
[16] Ma X (马新), Li RX (李瑞香), Li Y (李艳), Pan YL (潘玉龙) (2013) Historical development and some emendations of dinoflagellate taxonomy.Biodiversity Science(生物多样性), 21, 19-27. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[17] Pascher A (1916) Über eine neue Amöbe-Dinamoeba (varians)-mit dinoflagellatenartigen Schwarmern.Archiv Protistenk, 36, 118-136.
[18] Pavillard J (1931) Phytoplancton (diatomées péridiniens) provenant des campagnes scientifiques du Prince Albert Ier de Monaco. Résult Camp, Scient. Prince Albert I, 82, 1-208.
[19] Qian SB (钱树本), Liu DY (刘东艳), Sun J (孙军) (2005)Phylology (海藻学). China Ocean University Press, Qingdao. (in Chinese)
[20] Sadaf G, Saifullah SM (2009) Some rarely reported athecate dinoflagellates from North Arabian Sea.Pakistan Journal of Botany, 41, 3213-3218.
[21] Saldarriaga JF, Taylor FJR, Keeling PJ, Cavalier-Smith T (2001) Dinoflagellate nuclear SSU rRNA phylogeny suggests multiple plastid losses and replacements.Journal of Molecular Evolution, 53, 204-213.
[22] Schiller J (1937) Dinoflagellatae (Peridineae) in monographischer Behandlung. II. Teil, Lieferung. In: Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Osterreich und der Schwei (ed. Rabenhorst L). Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft. Leipzig, Germany, Vol. 10, 1-589.
[23] Steidinger KA, Jangen K (1996) Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Diatoms and Dinoflagellates (ed. Tomás CR), pp. 387-584. Academic Press, California.
[24] Stein F (1878) Der Organismus der Infusionsthiere. III. Der organimus der Flagellaten I. Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig.
[25] Sun J, Liu DY, Yin Y, Cai XY, Qian SB (2000) Standing crop distribution and species composition of phytoplankton near Ryūkyū-guntō water and its correlation with the water mass in summer 1997. In: Proceedings of China-Japan Joint Symposium on Cooperative Study of Subtropical Circulation System. China Ocean Press, Beijing, 189-217.
[26] Sun J (孙军), Song SQ (宋书群), Le FF (乐凤凤), Wang D (王丹), Dai HM (戴汉民), Ning XR (宁修仁) (2007) Phytoplankton in northern South China Sea in the winter of 2004.Acta Oceanologica Sinica(海洋学报), 29(5), 132-145. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[27] Swift E, Durbin EG (1971) Similarities in the asexual reproduction of the oceanic dinoflagellates, Pyrocystis fusiformis, Pyrocystis lunula, and Pyrocystis noctiluca.Journal of Phycology, 7, 89-96.
[28] Swift E, Wall D (1972) Asexual reproduction through a thecate stage in Pyrocystis acuta Kofoid, 1907 (Dinophyceae).Phycologia, 11, 57-66.
[29] Swift E (1973) Dissodinium psuedolunula n. sp.Phycologia, 12, 90-91.
[30] Taylor FJR (1972) Unpublished observations on the thecate stage of the dinoflagellate genus Pyrocystis by the late C. A. Kofoid and Josephine Michener.Phycologia, 11, 47-55.
[31] Taylor FJR (1976) Dinoflagellates from the international Indian Ocean expedition: a report on material collected by the R. V. “Anton Bruun” 1963-1964.Bibliotheca Botanica, 132, 1-234.
[32] Zeng CK (曾呈奎), Bi LJ (毕列爵) (2005) A Glossary of Terms and Names of Algae, 2nd edn. (藻类名词及名称, 第二版). Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[1] 涂伟凤,张洋,汤洁,涂玉琴,辛佳佳,姬红利,张南峰,张弢. (2019) 印度蔊菜与无瓣蔊菜形态变异特征的比较及分类关系. 生物多样性, 27(2): 168-176.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed