生物多样性 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (5): 644-650.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2019391

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    

我国网络平台外来宠物贸易调查

姬云瑞1,2,李叶1,2,刘芳1,2,李迪强1,2,*()   

  1. 1 中国林业科学研究院森林生态环境与保护研究所, 北京 100091
    2 国家林业和草原局生物多样性保护重点实验室, 北京 100091
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-07 接受日期:2020-05-24 出版日期:2020-05-20 发布日期:2020-06-21
  • 通讯作者: 李迪强
  • 基金资助:
    中国林业科学研究院科研机构基本业务费(169160004000180004)

Assessment of current trade of exotic pets on the internet in China

Yunrui Ji1,2,Ye Li1,2,Fang Liu1,2,Diqiang Li1,2,*()   

  1. 1 Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091
    2 Key Laboratory of Biodiversity Conservation, State Forestry and Grassland Administration, Beijing 100091
  • Received:2019-12-07 Accepted:2020-05-24 Online:2020-05-20 Published:2020-06-21
  • Contact: Diqiang Li

摘要:

为了解我国网络平台外来宠物贸易情况, 作者分别在2018年、2019年对爬宠网app、转转app、微信和慧聪网4个网络平台上外来宠物贸易的种类、规模、价格进行了为期各6周的调查。共记录到外来宠物111种, 隶属于4纲8目44科94属, 其中爬行纲3目31科78属94种, 占物种总数的84%; 两栖纲2目9科11属12种, 占物种总数的11%; 鸟纲1目2科3属3种, 占物种总数的3%; 哺乳纲2目2科2属2种, 占物种总数的2%。IUCN红色名录受威胁物种27种, 占物种总数的24%; 列入CITES附录的物种45种, 占物种总数的41%。77%的外来贸易宠物售卖信息条数低于6条, 58%的外来贸易宠物价格低于1,000元/只。本文根据目前网络平台外来宠物贸易现状, 提出了网络平台动物贸易监管建议。

关键词: 外来宠物, 动物贸易, 网络平台, 管理措施

Abstract:

In order to investigate the trade of exotic pets in China, two 6-week surveys were conducted separately in 2018 and 2019 to analyze the type, volume, and price for sale of exotic pets on four online platforms (Pachongwang app, Zhuanzhuan app, Wechat and Huicongwang). A total of 111 exotic species were recorded across 4 classes, 8 orders, 44 families, and 94 genera—including 94 species (84%, n = 111) in Reptilia, 12 species (11%) in Amphibia, 3 species (3%) in Aves, and 2 species (2%) in Mammalia. Twenty-seven species of exotic pets (24%) were listed as threatened species by IUCN Red List and 45 species (41%) were listed in the CITES Appendix. The number of trade events for 77% of species were fewer than six during the survey. Prices of 58% of species were lower than 1,000 yuan per individual. We propose reforms to the current regulation of the online animal and exotic pet trade given the concerning findings of this study.

Key words: exotic pets, animal trade, Internet, management measures