生物多样性 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (11): 1213-1222.doi: 10.17520/biods.2016376

• 研究报告: 植物多样性 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于空间统计学分析农作物种质资源的空间分布特征

陈彦清1, 曹永生1, 吴彦澎2, 陈丽娜3, 方沩1, *()   

  1. 1 中国农业科学院作物科学研究所, 北京100081
    2 北京市农林科学院, 北京 100097
    3 商丘师范学院计算机与信息技术学院, 河南商丘 476000;
  • 收稿日期:2017-08-03 接受日期:2017-10-09 出版日期:2017-11-20
  • 通讯作者: 方沩 E-mail:fangwei@caas.cn
  • 基金项目:
    国家农作物种质资源共享服务平台(NICGR2017-000)和农作物种质资源保护与利用专项(2017NWB036-10)

Spatial distribution characteristics of crop germplasm resources using spatial statistics

Yanqing Chen1, Yongsheng Cao1, Yanpeng Wu2, Lina Chen3, Wei Fang1, *()   

  1. 1 Institute of Crop Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081
    2 Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, Beijng 100097
    3 Department of Computer and Information Technology, Shangqiu Normal College, Shangqiu, Henan 476000
  • Received:2017-08-03 Accepted:2017-10-09 Online:2017-11-20
  • Contact: Fang Wei E-mail:fangwei@caas.cn

掌握农作物种质资源的空间分布特征, 分析种质资源在地理空间上的聚集离散特征, 对于作物种质资源全面收集、有效保护和高效利用具有重要意义。本研究基于空间统计学原理和方法, 借助ArcGIS软件, 对全国种质资源的分布进行了冷热点分析, 定性分析了我国种质资源分布的聚集和离散区域; 然后分析了不同种植业区域内种质资源的数量和重心分布特征, 确定各类主导作物区的资源密度和均质性情况。最后分析了各种植业分区内资源分布的方位特征, 确定资源分布的范围、角度和方向性。结果表明: 我国华北平原和部分黄土高原地区属于种质资源分布的聚集区, 甘肃中部、四川及新疆西部、青海东部属于种质资源分布的离散区, 除了部分空白区外, 其余部分为种质资源的随机分布区; 西北绿洲麦棉甜菜葡萄区、青藏高原青稞小麦油菜区、东北大豆春麦玉米甜菜区和北部高原小杂粮甜菜区4区, 资源分布密度低且分布不均匀, 说明这4个地区的部分种质资源相对集中分布在局部地区, 而东南部6区的种质资源分布不仅密度大, 而且分布相对均匀, 说明我国东西部种质资源分布特点差异明显; 西北绿洲麦棉甜菜葡萄区的资源分布范围最广, 华南双季稻甘蔗热带作物甘蔗区的资源分布方向趋势性最明显。北部高原小杂粮甜菜区、东北大豆春麦玉米甜菜区和青藏高原青稞小麦油菜区的种质资源大部分分布在区域的南部, 西北绿洲麦棉甜菜葡萄区的种质资源的分布偏向北部, 东南6区的资源分布则不存在明显的偏向性。

关键词: 作物种质资源, 空间统计学, 冷热点分析, 方位分析, 种植业分区

It is important to understand and analyze the spatial distribution features and models of crop germplasm resources for the comprehensive collection, effective protection, and efficient utilization of these resources. This paper analyzed these characteristics based on spatial statistical principles and methods with ArcGIS software. Firstly, we did a cold and hot spot analysis of germplasm resources at the national scale to determine discrete regions of Chinese germplasm resources from a qualitative aspect. Then, we analyzed the number and center of gravity characteristics of germplasm resources to determine density and homogeneity of germplasm resources in main crop regions. Finally, we analyzed the bearing distribution characteristics of germplasm resources in different planting partitions to determine the scope of resource distribution, angle, and direction. According to results of cold and hot spot analysis, the northern China plain and a part of the loess plateau region belong to accumulation areas of germplasm resources. The central region of Gansu province, the western part of Sichuan and Xinjiang, and the eastern part of Qinghai belong to a discrete area of germplasm resources. In addition to the blank area of germplasm resources, the rest is part of the random distribution area of germplasm resources. According to quality and gravity center analysis results, the Northwest Oasis region mainly grows wheat, cotton, beets, and grapes, the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau region mainly grows barley, wheat and rape, the Northern plateau region mainly grows small grains and beets, and the Northeast region mainly grows soybeans, spring wheat and beets. These are all located in the northeast and the west of China, and their germplasm resources’ densities are low and uniformities are uneven, which means a small amount of the germplasm resources in the four areas are relatively concentrated in a small area. Not only are the densities of germplasm resources of the 6 regions in southeastern of China large, but also the uniformities are relatively homogeneous. The differences in density and uniformity of germplasm resources between eastern and western China are obvious. According to results of the orientation analysis, the distribution range of germplasm resources in the Northwest Oasis is wheat, cotton, beets, and grapes, while the directional trend of germplasm resources in the South are double crops of rice, tropical crops, and sugarcane. Germplasm resources are distributed as follows in these three regions: in the Northern plateau small grains, beets, Northeast soybean, spring wheat and beets; in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau highland barley, wheat, and rape, mostly distributed in southern areas; and in the Northwest Oasis wheat, cotton, beets, and grapes found in the north of the region. The distribution of germplasm resources of these 6 southeastern regions has no obvious bias.

Key words: crop germplasm resources, spatial statistics, cold and hot spot analysis, orientation analysis, cropping regionalization in China

图1

中国各种植业分区作物种质资源分布情况"

图2

标准差椭圆三要素示意图"

图3

全国作物种质资源冷热点分析结果图"

图4

各种植业分区作物种质资源密度及重心分布图"

图5

各种植业分区作物种质资源标准差椭圆"

表2

各种植业分区标准差椭圆长短轴、扁率及方向角度"

种植业区划名称
Agricultural districts
短轴标准差距离
Standard deviation distance of short axis (m)
长轴标准差距离
Standard deviation distance of long axis (m)
扁率
Oblateness
方向角度
Orientation angles (°)
华南双季稻热带作物甘蔗区
Southern part of China region mainly grows double cropping of rice, tropical crops and sugarcane
221,221 813,953 0.728 85.78
西北绿洲麦棉甜菜葡萄区
Northwest Oasis region mainly grows wheat, cotton, beets, and grapes
359,814 1,179,873 0.695 109.1
青藏高原青稞小麦油菜区
Qinghai-Tibet Plateau region mainly grows barley, wheat and rape
199,418 590,554 0.662 85.76
北部高原小杂粮甜菜区
Northern plateau region mainly grows small grains and beets
225,016 621,073 0.638 53.05
南方丘陵双季稻茶柑桔区
Southern hill region mainly grows double cropping of rice, tea and citrus
230,811 573,503 0.598 64.42
川陕盆地稻玉米甘薯柑桔桑区
Chuanshan basin region mainly grows rice, corn, sweet potato and citrus mulberry
172,228 367,451 0.531 74.92
长江中下游稻棉油桑茶区
Yangtze River region mainly grows rice, cotton, oil, mulberry and tea
193,111 403,958 0.522 73.26
东北大豆春麦玉米甜菜区
Northeast region mainly grows soybeans, spring wheat and beets
209,459 436,072 0.520 16.84
云贵高原稻玉米烟草区
Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau region mainly grows rice, corn and tobacco
208,596 399,255 0.478 79.54
黄淮海棉麦油烟果区
Huang-Huai-Hai region mainly grows cotton, wheat, rape, tobacco and fruit
293,828 427,092 0.312 47.79
[1] Cao YS, Fang W (2010) Establishment and application of national crop germplasm resources infrastructure in China. Biodiversity Science, 18, 454-460. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[曹永生, 方沩 (2010) 国家农作物种质资源平台的建立和应用. 生物多样性, 18, 454-460.]
[2] Cao YS, Zhang XZ, Bai JJ, Gong GF (1997) Distribution on the main crop germplasm resources in China. Acta Geographica Sinica, 52, 10-17. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[曹永生, 张贤珍, 白建军, 龚高法 (1997) 中国主要农作物种质资源地理分布. 地理学报, 52, 10-17.]
[3] Cao YS, Zhang XZ, Bai JJ, Gong GF (1999) Distribution on the wild germplasm resources of main food crops in China. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 25, 424-432. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[曹永生, 张贤珍, 白建军, 龚高法 (1999) 中国主要粮食作物野生种质资源地理分布. 作物学报, 25, 424-432.]
[4] Chen CX (2015) Spatial Statistical Analysis and Comprehensive Evaluation System for the Development of High-Tech Industry . PhD dissertation, Ji’nan University, Guangzhou.(in Chinese with English abstract)
[陈楚祥 (2015) 高新技术产业发展空间统计分析与综合评价系统研制. 博士学位论文, 暨南大学, 广州.]
[5] Chinese Agricultural Encyclopedia Editorial Committee,The Agricultural Economy Editorial Committee,Chinese Agricultural Encyclopedia Editorial Office(1991) Chinese Agricultural Encyclopedia: The Agricultural Economic Volume. Agricultural Publishing House, Beijing.
[中国农业百科全书总编辑委员会, 农业经济卷编辑委员会, 中国农业百科全书编辑部(1991) 中国农业百科全书·农业经济卷. 农业出版社, 北京.]
[6] Dong YC, Zheng DS (2006) Crop and Their Wild Relatives in China—Food Crops. China Agricultural Publishing House,Beijing.
[董玉琛, 郑殿生(2006) 中国作物及其野生近缘植物——粮食作物卷. 中国农业出版社, 北京.]
[7] Du XM, Zhou ZL, Jia YH, Liu GQ (2007) Collection and conservation of cotton germplasm in China. Cotton Science, 19, 346-353. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[杜雄明, 周忠丽, 贾银华, 刘国强 (2007) 中国棉花种质资源的收集与保存. 棉花学报, 19, 346-353.]
[8] Elith J, Graham HC, Anderson PR, Dudik M, Ferrier S, Guisan A, Hijmans RJ, Huettmann F, Leathwick JR, Lehmann A, Li J, Lohmann LG, Loiselle BA, Manion G, Moritz C, Nakamura M, Nakazawa Y, Overton JM, Peterson AT, Phillips SJ, Richardson K, Pereira RS, Schapire RE, Soberón J, Williams S, Wisz MS, Zimmermann NE (2006) Novel methods improve prediction of species’ distributions from occurrence data. Ecography, 29, 129-151.
[9] Hao CY, Dong YC, Wang LF, You GX, Zhang HN, Gai HM, Jia JZ, Zhang XY (2008) Construction of core germplasm and genetic diversity analysis of common wheat in China. Chinese Science Bulletin, 53, 908-915. (in Chinese)
[郝晨阳, 董玉琛, 王兰芬, 游光霞, 张洪娜, 盖红梅, 贾继增, 张学勇 (2008) 我国普通小麦核心种质的构建及遗传多样性分析. 科学通报, 53, 908-915.]
[10] Hu QF, Zhang ZP, He R, Zhu SW (2007) Study on spatial statistical analysis of regional economic growth rate based on Geoda 095i. Geomatics & Spatial Information Technology, 30(2), 53-55. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[胡青峰, 张子平, 何荣, 朱遂旺 (2007) 基于Geoda 095i区域经济增长率的空间统计分析研究. 测绘与空间地理信息, 30(2), 53-55.]
[11] Li Y, Li YH, Yang QW, Zhang JP, Zhang JM, Qiu LJ, Wang TY (2015) Genomics-based crop germplasm research: advances and perspectives. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 48, 3333-3353. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[黎裕, 李英慧, 杨庆文, 张锦鹏, 张金梅, 邱丽娟, 王天宇 (2015) 基于基因组学的作物种质资源研究: 现状与展望. 中国农业科学, 48, 3333-3353.]
[12] Li Y, Shi YS, Cao YS, Wang TY (2002) A phenotypic diversity analysis of maize germplasm preserved in China. Maydica, 47(2), 107-114.
[13] Liu J, Chen YT, Sun ZX, Jiang JM, He GP, Rao LB, Wu TL (2008) Spatial genetic structure of Toona ciliata var. pubescens populations in terms of spatial autocorrelation analysis. Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 44(6), 45-52. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[刘军, 陈益泰, 孙宗修, 姜景民, 何贵平, 饶龙兵, 吴天林 (2008) 基于空间自相关分析研究毛红椿天然居群的空间遗传结构. 林业科学, 44(6), 45-52.]
[14] Liu X, Li Y, Cao YS, Dong YC, Fang W, Lu P (2009) Geographic distribution and germplasm-rich region of cereals in China. Journal of Plant Genetic Resources, 10, 1-8. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[刘旭, 黎裕, 曹永生, 董玉琛, 方沩, 陆平 (2009) 中国禾谷类作物种质资源地理分布及其富集中心研究. 植物遗传资源学报, 10, 1-8.]
[15] Liu YY, Liu CS, Zeng BF, Fan BD, Li PS, Xu DH, Liu TH (2013) Research progress on germplasm resources of Glycyrrhiza Radix et Rhizome. Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs, 44, 3593-3598. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[刘洋洋, 刘春生, 曾斌芳, 范冰舵, 李朋收, 徐暾海, 刘铜华 (2013) 甘草种质资源研究进展. 中草药, 44, 3593-3598.]
[16] Long J, Zhu HN, Cao BY (2014) Spatial variance analysis for economic density of Guizhou Province based on the standard deviation ellipse model. Hubei Economic Management, 13, 114-117. (in Chinese)
[龙剑, 朱海宁, 曹邦宇 (2014) 基于标准差椭圆模型的贵州省经济密度空间差异分析. 湖北经济管理, 13, 114-117.]
[17] Lu GY, Wu XM, Xu K, Chen BY, Gao GZ (2009) Spatial auto- correlation analysis of European wild Brassica oleracea germplasm. Chinese Journal of Oil Crop Sciences, 31, 440-444. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[陆光远, 伍晓明, 许鲲, 陈碧云, 高桂珍 (2009) 欧洲原始野生甘蓝资源的空间自相关性分析. 中国油料作物学报, 31, 440-444.]
[18] McPherson JM, Jetz W (2007) Effects of species’ ecology on the accuracy of distribution models. Ecography, 30, 135-151.
[19] Qi CH, Jin ZX, Li JM (2011) Small-scale spatial patterns of genetic structure in Castanopsis eyrei populations based on autocorrelation analysis in the Tiantai Mountain of Zhejiang Province. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 31, 5130-5137. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[祁彩虹, 金则新, 李钧敏 (2011) 浙江天台山甜槠种群遗传结构的空间自相关分析. 生态学报, 31, 5130-5137.]
[20] Ren JQ, Dong LY, Wang JK, Li SY (2010) Study on spatial variability of intra-county economies in Liaoning Province based on spatial statistical analysis. Economic Geography, 30, 1435-1439. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[任家强, 董琳瑛, 汪景宽, 李双异 (2010) 基于空间统计分析的辽宁省县域经济空间差异研究. 经济地理, 30, 1435-1439.]
[21] Ren M, Wang ZD, Mu JM, Liu YH, Zhang XW (2009) Overview of species and distribution of tobacco germplasm resources in China. Chinese Tobacco Science, 30(Suppl.), 8-14. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[任民, 王志德, 牟建民, 刘艳华, 张兴伟 (2009) 我国烟草种质资源的种类与分布概况. 中国烟草科学, 30(Suppl.), 8-14.]
[22] Shen TY, Zhang XH, Zhao ZQ, Zhao L (2013) Spatial characteristics of employment density in China. Geography and Geo-information Science, 29(1), 64-68, 1. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[沈体雁, 张晓欢, 赵作权, 赵璐 (2013) 我国就业密度分布的空间特征. 地理与地理信息科学, 29(1), 64-68, 1.]
[23] Si HP, Fang W, Tang P, Cao YS (2010) Research of crop germplasm resources investigation information system based on SOA. Journal of Plant Genetic Resources, 11, 517-521. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[司海平, 方沩, 唐鹏, 曹永生 (2010) 基于SOA的农作物种质资源调查信息系统研究. 植物遗传资源学报, 11, 517-521.]
[24] Tang FY, Li SC, Chen YY, Li ZZ (2009) The spatial autocorrelation study for genetic structure in an Isoetes Sinensis population in Anhui. Journal of Jiangxi Normal University (Nature Science Edition), 33, 445-451. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[汤飞燕, 李守淳, 陈媛媛, 李作洲 (2009) 极濒危植物中华水韭安徽居群遗传结构的空间自相关分析. 江西师范大学学报(自然科学版), 33, 445-451.]
[25] Wang BJ (2009) Theories and methods for soil grain orientation distribution in SEM by standard deviational ellipse. Chinese Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, 31, 1082-1087. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[王宝军 (2009) 基于标准差椭圆法SEM图像颗粒定向研究原理与方法. 岩土工程学报, 31, 1082-1087.]
[26] Wang SM (2002) The protection and utilization of Chinese crop germplasm resources. China Seed Industry, (10), 8-11. (in Chinese)
[王述民 (2002) 中国农作物种质资源保护与利用现状. 中国种业, (10), 8-11.]
[27] Wang SM, Zhang ZW (2011) The state of the world’s plant genetic resources for food and agriculture. Journal of Plant Genetic Resources, 12, 325-338. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[王述民, 张宗文 (2011) 世界粮食和农业植物遗传资源保护与利用现状. 植物遗传资源学报, 12, 325-338.]
[28] Wei XH (2002) Studies on the geographical distribution of allozymic alleles of Chinese rice landraces (Oryza sativa L.) and the protecting of rice genetic diversity. PhD dissertation, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[魏兴华 (2002) 中国栽培稻地方种资源等位基因地理分布及遗传多样性保护研究. 浙江大学博士学位论文, 杭州.]
[29] Wu YQ, Zheng L, Rong TZ (2013) Genetic diversity analysis and germplasm resource distribution of white maize landraces in southwestern China. Acta Prataculturae Sinica, 22(4), 160-169. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[吴元奇, 郑灵, 荣廷昭 (2013) 西南地区白玉米地方种质资源分布及遗传多样性. 草业学报, 22(4), 160-169.]
[30] Yang QC, Kang JM, Zhang TJ, Liu FQ, Long RC, Sun Y (2016) Distribution, breeding and utilization of alfalfa germplasm resources. Chinese Science Bulletin, 61, 261-270. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[杨青川, 康俊梅, 张铁军, 刘凤歧, 龙瑞才, 孙彦 (2016) 苜蓿种质资源的分布、育种与利用. 科学通报, 61, 261-270.]
[31] Yang ZY, Su Y, Cao YS, Zou J, Liu XL, Kui LM, Lu YX (2008) Studies on geographical distribution of rice germplasm diversity in Yunnan Province. Journal of Plant Genetic Resources, 9, 475-479. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[杨忠义, 苏艳, 曹永生, 邹菊, 刘晓利, 奎丽梅, 卢义宣 (2008) 云南稻种资源多样性的生态地理分布研究. 植物遗传资源学报, 9, 475-479.]
[32] Yang ZY, Su Y, Liu YF, Lu YX, Liu XL, Kui LM, Chen XY, Cao YS (2010) Characteristics and geographical distribution of Yunnan crops resources XIII. Study on distribution diversity of rice germplasm in disease resistance. Journal of Plant Genetic Resources, 11, 611-615. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[杨忠义, 苏艳, 刘义富, 卢义宣, 刘晓利, 奎丽梅, 陈晓艳, 曹永生 (2010) 云南作物资源特征特性及生态地理分布研究XIII. 稻抗病性资源的多样性分布研究. 植物遗传资源学报, 11, 611-615.]
[33] Zhao L, Zhao ZQ (2014) Projecting the spatial variation of economic based on the specific ellipses in China. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 34, 979-986. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[赵璐, 赵作权 (2014) 基于特征椭圆的中国经济空间分异研究. 地理科学, 34, 979-986.]
No related articles found!
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed