生物多样性 ›› 2004, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (3): 377-385.doi: 10.17520/biods.2004046

• 论文 • 上一篇    

水杉的保护历程和存在的问题

王希群1, 马履一1*, 郭保香2, 葛继稳3, 范深厚4   

  1. 1 (北京林业大学资源与环境学院,北京 100083)
    2 (湖北省林业勘察设计院,武汉 430079)
    3 (湖北省野生动植物保护站,武汉 430079)
    4 (湖北省利川市水杉母树管理站,利川 445400)
  • 收稿日期:2003-11-04 修回日期:2004-01-12 出版日期:2004-05-20
  • 通讯作者: 马履一

The conservation of Metasequoia glyptostroboides and its current problems in China

WANG Xi-Qun1, MA Lu-Yi1*, GUO Bao-Xiang2, GE Ji-Wen3, FAN Shen-Hou4   

  1. 1 College of Resources and Environment,Beijing Forestry University,Beijing 100083
    2 Hubei Provincial Forest Survey and Design Institute,Wuhan 430079
    3 Hubei Provincial Wild Animal and Plant Administrative Station,Wuhan 430079
    4 Hubei Lichuan Metasequoia Mother trees administrative Station,Lichuan 445400
  • Received:2003-11-04 Revised:2004-01-12 Online:2004-05-20
  • Contact: MA Lu-Yi

水杉(Metasequoia glyptostroboides)的保护过程在某种程度上可以说是新中国成立50年来中国珍稀植物保护过程的一个缩影。2003年,以保护水杉为主要目的而建设的湖北省国家级星斗山自然保护区是我国水杉保护和发展中的里程碑,对于这一过程的了解有助于今后正确地制订就地和迁地保护计划和采取有效的行动。本文对水杉保护历程进行了全面回顾,针对水杉原产地的保护现状和存在的问题,提出四条具体的保护措施:(1)加强以水杉保护为主要目的的国家级自然保护区建设,建设重点应放在对水杉原生母树及其生境的保护。保护水杉原生母树及其生境要有长远的规划,机构的设置和功能以及人员的素质和经费要能支持水杉原生母树及其生境保护和发展的需要;(2)要把有关水杉保护的法规和措施落到实处;(3)建立基因保存林,对现有水杉原生母树基因进行全面保存;(4)积极协调环保、林业、科学院以及其他教育科研单位的关系,加强在这一领域的分工协作,开展科学研究,加强学术交流,共同促进水杉的保护和利用。

The history of conservation of dawn redwood (Metasequoia glyptostroboides), in a sense, is a miniature of the history of conservation of Chinese rare and endangered plants since New China was founded more than 50 years ago. The establishment of Hubei Province Xingdoushan National Nature Reserve mainly to protect dawn redwood is an important milestone in the development and history of protection of dawn redwood. Understanding this history is beneficial for effectively formulating plans and adopting measures for the future in situ protection and ex situ conservation of dawn redwood. The history of conservation of dawn redwood is reviewed in this paper. Based on an analysis of the current situation and current problems for dawn redwood, four detailed conservation measures are suggested: (1) to continuously improve the conditions of nature reserves for the natural seedsource trees of dawn redwood, and to design a longterm programs to protect them. The organization and personnel as well as the funds should meet the needs for protection of the original natural seedsource trees of dawn redwood and their habitat; (2)to effectively implement relevant laws for protection of dawn redwood;(3) to establish a geneconservation forest in order to fully preserve all the original natural founder trees′ genes of dawn redwood; and (4) to actively coordinate the relationships among environmental protection agencies, forestry agencies, units of the Academy of Sciences, and other education and research units. We should cooperate and help each other in the fields of protecting dawn redwood and other natural resources by means of scientific research and exchange of research experiences.

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